Manushyaloka, aka: Manuṣyaloka, Manushya-loka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Manushyaloka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Manuṣyaloka can be transliterated into English as Manusyaloka or Manushyaloka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

[Manushyaloka in Kosha glossaries]

Manuṣyaloka (मनुष्यलोक):—The only world where human beings are born. It is represented as the Jambūdvīpa, with the salt ocean and other continents and oceans, with long chains of mountains, great rivers flowing from the peaks and Mount Meru in the centre.

(Source): Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 2
context information

Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Manushyaloka in Buddhism glossaries]

Manuṣyaloka — This is the world of humans and human-like beings who live on the surface of the earth. The mountain-rings that engird Sumeru are surrounded by a vast ocean, which fills most of the world. The ocean is in turn surrounded by a circular mountain wall called Cakravāḍa (Pāli: Cakkavāḷa) which marks the horizontal limit of the world. In this ocean there are four continents which are, relatively speaking, small islands in it. Because of the immenseness of the ocean, they cannot be reached from each other by ordinary sailing vessels, although in the past, when the cakravartin kings ruled, communication between the continents was possible by means of the treasure called the cakraratna (Pāli cakkaratana), which a cakravartin and his retinue could use to fly through the air between the continents.

The four continents are:

  1. Jambudvīpa or Jambudīpa (located in the south)
  2. Pūrvavideha or Pubbavideha (located in the east).
  3. Aparagodānīya or Aparagoyāna (located in the west)
  4. Uttarakuru (located in the north)
(Source): WikiPedia: Buddhism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Manushyaloka in Jainism glossaries]

Manuṣyaloka (मनुष्यलोक).—The world of men (manuṣya-loka) consists of two and a half continents’ (ādhai-dvīpa) which it occupies.

(Source): Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Manuṣyaloka (मनुष्यलोक) refers to the region where human beings can exist.—The human beings are found in Two-and-half continents (dhāi-dvīpa) only. This whole region is called Manuṣyaloka (the region where human beings can exist). Which are the Two-and-half continents and the two oceans? Jambūdvīpa, Dhātakī and Puṣkarārdha constitute Two-and-half continents. Kālodadhi and Lavaṇa are the two oceans.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Manushyaloka in Marathi glossaries]

manuṣyalōka (मनुष्यलोक).—m (S) The world of man, the earth.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

manuṣyalōka (मनुष्यलोक).—m The world of man, the earth.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

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