Dandaka, aka: Daṇḍaka, Daṇḍakā; 16 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dandaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—One of the eight types of villages, according to Chapter 9 of the Mānasāra (called the grāmalakṣaṇam). The Mānasāra is one of the traditional authorative Hindu treatises on Vāstuśāstra (science of architecture). The form of this village is said to be tattadrūpeṇa, which means it represents the form of the meaning of its Sanskrit name.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Dandaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Daṇḍakā (दण्डका):—One of the most prominent sons of Ikṣvāku (son of Śrāddhadeva or Vaivasvata Manu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.4)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—See Daṇḍa VI.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—The forest in the Deccan traversed by Rāma;1 and visited by Balarāma.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 11. 19; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 36.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 79. 20.

1b) In the Dakṣiṇāpatha; the southern country;1 noted for the sacred Viśalya Tīrtham;2 a southern tribe.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 58; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 126.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 107.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 48.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

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Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Daṇḍaka may be situated in south India between the countries of Cola and Kāñci. However it is difficult to identify with Daṇḍakāvana of the Rāmāyaṇa, since Rājaśekhara mentions Mahārāṣtra etc. Comprising the real Daṇḍakāranya to the modern concepts as separate country.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

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1) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—Piṅgala speaks about daṇḍaka that if each pāda of an even metre consists of 2 na-gaṇas followed by 7 ra-gaṇas, then the metre is called daṇḍaka. He introduces the first daṇḍaka as caṇḍavṛṣṭiprayāta. He also refers to his predecessors in this context and says Prosodists like Rāta and Māṇḍavya have different opinion regarding the nomenclature of caṇḍavṛṣṭiprayāṭa. Piṅgala also says that daṇḍakas other than caṇḍavṛṣṭiprayāta are known as pracita.

2) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—According to Padmanābha-datta (1350-1400 C.E.) in his Chandomañjarī, the metre which has above 26 letters in its each pāda is called as daṇḍaka. It is also considered as samavṛtta. He describes the daṇḍakas like other metres with illustration of characteristics and examples. He says about daṇḍakas that every daṇḍaka has two na-gaṇas in its beginning and if a ra-gaṇa is added after every seventh viz. arṇa, arṇava, vyāla, jīmūta, līlākara, uddāma, śaṅkha etc. are possible.

3) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—Though Kavikarṇapūra (C. 16th century) does not discuss much on daṇḍaka metres, he emphasizes on their divisions. He has divided the daṇḍakas into eight varieties with the initial metre i.e. Caṇḍavṛṣṭiprapāta, where as authors like Gaṅgādāsa and Kedāra Bhaṭṭa name the metre as Caṇḍavṛṣṭiprayāta. The eight daṇḍakas are: Caṇḍavṛṣṭiprapāta, Arṇa, Arṇava, Vyāla, Jīmūta, Līlākara, Uddāma and Śaṅkha. He also describes the characteristics separately for each metres.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dandaka (दंडक): A kingdom and a forest, had the same name, was a colonial state of Lanka under the reign of Ravana. Ravana's governor Khara ruled this province. It was the stronghold of all the Rakshasa tribes living in the Dandaka Forest.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name of a forest that was destroyed due to the mental misdeed of Ṛṣis according to the Upālisutta of the Majjhima mentioned in Appendix 1 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “Have you heard, O householder, how the forest of Daṇḍaka, the forest of Kāliṅga, the forest of Mejjha and the forest of Mātaṅga have been deserted and emptied of inhabitants? – I have heard, O venerable one, that it was be the mental misdeed of Ṛṣis”.

Daṇḍaka covered the entire region of the Vindhya from the Vidarbha to the Kaliṅga. But the destruction of the Daṇḍaka is well known in the Buddhist tradition: The Pāli texts (Jātaka III, p. 463, V, p. 133 and Papañca, III, p. 60–65) and the Mahāvastu, III, p. 363.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated ahead of Māhiṣmatī according to Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17). Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Daṇḍaka.—(EI 30), probably, a regulation. (IE 8-8), meaning uncertain; probably, fines. Cf. daṇḍaku (IA 16), a boundary mark or land-mark. Note: daṇḍaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dandaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

daṇḍaka : (nt.) a stick, twig, rod, a handle.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Daṇḍaka, (Demin. of daṇḍa) 1. a (small) stick, a twig; a staff, a rod; a handle D.I, 7 (a walking stick carried for ornament: see DA.I, 89); J.I, 120 (sukkha° a dry twig); II, 103; III, 26; DhA.III, 171; Vism.353.—aḍḍha° a (birch) rod, used as a means of beating (tāḷeti) A.I, 47; II, 122=M.I, 87=Nd2 604=Miln.197; ubhato° two handled (of a saw) M.I, 129=189; ratha° the flag-staff of a chariot Miln.27; veṇu° a jungle rope J.III, 204.—See also kudaṇḍaka a twig used for tying J.III, 204.—2. the crossbar or bridge of a lute J.II, 252, 253.

—dīpikā a torch J.I, 31; —madhu “honey in a branch, ” a beehive DhA.I, 59. (Page 312)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Dandaka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

daṇḍaka (दंडक).—m S Custom, practice, usage. 2 A sort of metre. 3 Intercourse. 4 A long (esp. as bare and dreary) road or line of space.

--- OR ---

dāṇḍakā (दांडका).—m dāṇḍakēṃ n dāṇḍagēṃ n (dāṇḍa) A short piece of wood:--as a cudgel, a roller, a ruler, a strickle.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daṇḍaka (दंडक).—m Custom, practice, usage.

--- OR ---

dāṇḍakā (दांडका).—m dāḍakēṃ-gēṃ n A short piece of wood, a cudgel.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—

1) A stick, staff &c. (such as a handle of a parasol, the beam of a plough, the staff of a banner).

2) A line, row.

3) Name of a metre; see App. I.

-kaḥ, -kā, -kam Name of a celebrated district in the Deccan situated between the rivers Narmadā and Godāvarī (it was a vast region said to be tenantless in the time of Rāma); प्राप्तानि दुःखान्यपि दण्डकेषु (prāptāni duḥkhānyapi daṇḍakeṣu) R.14.25; किं नाम दण्डकेयम् (kiṃ nāma daṇḍakeyam) U.2; क्वायोध्यायाः पुनरुपगमो दण्डकायां वने वः (kvāyodhyāyāḥ punarupagamo daṇḍakāyāṃ vane vaḥ) U.2.13,14,15.

Derivable forms: daṇḍakaḥ (दण्डकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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