Dandaka, Damdaka, Daṇḍaka, Daṇḍakā: 30 definitions


Dandaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Daṇḍakā (दण्डका):—One of the most prominent sons of Ikṣvāku (son of Śrāddhadeva or Vaivasvata Manu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.4)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—See Daṇḍa VI.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) or Daṇḍakāraṇya is the name of a forest, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.24. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Once Śiva accompanied by Satī and seated on His Bull wandered over the Earth, in one of his sportive activities. Wandering over the ocean-girt Earth He reached Daṇḍaka forest where the lord of truthful stake and transaction pointed to Satī the beauty of the surrounding nature. There Śiva saw Rāma who was searching for Sitā who was deceitfully abducted by Rāvaṇa. Lakṣmaṇa too was there”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—The forest in the Deccan traversed by Rāma;1 and visited by Balarāma.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 11. 19; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 36.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 79. 20.

1b) In the Dakṣiṇāpatha; the southern country;1 noted for the sacred Viśalya Tīrtham;2 a southern tribe.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 58; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 126.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 107.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 48.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—One of the eight types of villages, according to Chapter 9 of the Mānasāra (called the grāmalakṣaṇam). The Mānasāra is one of the traditional authorative Hindu treatises on Vāstuśāstra (science of architecture). The form of this village is said to be tattadrūpeṇa, which means it represents the form of the meaning of its Sanskrit name.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Dandaka in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Daṇḍaka may be situated in south India between the countries of Cola and Kāñci. However it is difficult to identify with Daṇḍakāvana of the Rāmāyaṇa, since Rājaśekhara mentions Mahārāṣtra etc. Comprising the real Daṇḍakāranya to the modern concepts as separate country.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—Piṅgala speaks about daṇḍaka that if each pāda of an even metre consists of 2 na-gaṇas followed by 7 ra-gaṇas, then the metre is called daṇḍaka. He introduces the first daṇḍaka as caṇḍavṛṣṭiprayāta. He also refers to his predecessors in this context and says Prosodists like Rāta and Māṇḍavya have different opinion regarding the nomenclature of caṇḍavṛṣṭiprayāṭa. Piṅgala also says that daṇḍakas other than caṇḍavṛṣṭiprayāta are known as pracita.

2) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—According to Padmanābha-datta (1350-1400 C.E.) in his Chandomañjarī, the metre which has above 26 letters in its each pāda is called as daṇḍaka. It is also considered as samavṛtta. He describes the daṇḍakas like other metres with illustration of characteristics and examples. He says about daṇḍakas that every daṇḍaka has two na-gaṇas in its beginning and if a ra-gaṇa is added after every seventh viz. arṇa, arṇava, vyāla, jīmūta, līlākara, uddāma, śaṅkha etc. are possible.

3) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—Though Kavikarṇapūra (C. 16th century) does not discuss much on daṇḍaka metres, he emphasizes on their divisions. He has divided the daṇḍakas into eight varieties with the initial metre i.e. Caṇḍavṛṣṭiprapāta, where as authors like Gaṅgādāsa and Kedāra Bhaṭṭa name the metre as Caṇḍavṛṣṭiprayāta. The eight daṇḍakas are: Caṇḍavṛṣṭiprapāta, Arṇa, Arṇava, Vyāla, Jīmūta, Līlākara, Uddāma and Śaṅkha. He also describes the characteristics separately for each metres.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name of an ancient kingdom or tribe of people, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the stars of the constellation of Āśleṣā should be dimmed by the tails of or appear to be in contact with malefic comets, the ruler of Asika will perish; if those of Maghā, the ruler of Aṅga will perish; if those of Pūrvaphālguni, the ruler of Pāṇḍya will perish; if those of Uttaraphālguni, the ruler of Ujjain will perish; and if those of Hasta, the ruler of Daṇḍaka will perish”.

Note: Daṇḍaka is identified with a district in the Dekhan between the Narmadā and Godāvarī rivers which in the time of Rāmacandra was a forest and celebrated as a place of pilgrimage.

2) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) or Daṇḍakāvana refers to a forest belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Daṇḍaka] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dandaka (दंडक): A kingdom and a forest, had the same name, was a colonial state of Lanka under the reign of Ravana. Ravana's governor Khara ruled this province. It was the stronghold of all the Rakshasa tribes living in the Dandaka Forest.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name of a forest that was destroyed due to the mental misdeed of Ṛṣis according to the Upālisutta of the Majjhima mentioned in Appendix 1 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXIV).—Accordingly, “Have you heard, O householder, how the forest of Daṇḍaka, the forest of Kāliṅga, the forest of Mejjha and the forest of Mātaṅga have been deserted and emptied of inhabitants? – I have heard, O venerable one, that it was be the mental misdeed of Ṛṣis”.

Daṇḍaka covered the entire region of the Vindhya from the Vidarbha to the Kaliṅga. But the destruction of the Daṇḍaka is well known in the Buddhist tradition: The Pāli texts (Jātaka III, p. 463, V, p. 133 and Papañca, III, p. 60–65) and the Mahāvastu, III, p. 363.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name of an ancient king and ancestor of king Mahābala (i.e., previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha), as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, as Svayambuddha said to king Mahābala:— “In your family there was another king, named Daṇḍaka, whose rule was cruel, like Yama in person to his enemies. He had a son, known as Maṇimālin, filling the sky with splendor like the sun. Daṇḍaka became infatuated with his sons, friends, and wife, jewels, gold, and money, which were more desired than life itself. In course of time Daṇḍaka died, absorbed in painful meditation and was born in his own treasury as a boa constrictor, unrestrainable. Cruel, devouring everything like a fire that has started, he killed whoever entered the treasury”.

2) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name of an ancient kingdom, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra].—Accordingly, as Vasupūjya and Jayā spoke to Vāsupūjya: “All the existing kings, among men and the Vidyādharas, who are of good family, capable, heroic, wealthy, famous, possessing the fourfold army, known for guarding their subjects, free from blemish, faithful to engagements, always devoted to dharma, in Madhyadeśa, Vatsadeśa, [...] and other countries which are the ornaments of the eastern quarter; [... in the Daṇḍakas, ...] these now, son, beg us constantly through messengers, who are sent bearing valuable gifts, to give their daughters to you. [...]”.

3) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name of an ancient king from Kumbhakārakaṭa, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.5 [The kidnapping of Sītā].—Accordingly, as sage Sugupta narrated to Rāma: “Formerly there was a city, Kumbhakārakaṭa, and its king, Daṇḍaka. At that time in Śrāvastī there was King Jitaśatru; his wife was Dhāriṇī, and their son was Skandaka. They had a daughter, Purandarayaśas, and Daṇḍaka, the lord of Kumbhakārakaṭa, married her. [...]”.

Source: University of Cambridge: Jainism

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) in the title of “Laghudaṇḍaka” is a Jaina technical term referring to parametres relating to the description of living beings. The most common list, which is found here, has 24 terms in Prakrit:

  1. type of body (sarīra),
  2. extension (ogāhaṇā),
  3. joining of the bones (saṃghayaṇa),
  4. instincts,
  5. form of the body (saṃṭhāṇa),
  6. passions (kasāya),
  7. spiritual hue (lessā),
  8. senses (india),
  9. expulsion of atoms (samugghāya),
  10. belief (diṭṭhī),
  11. faith (daṃsaṇa),
  12. knowledge (nāṇa),
  13. negative knowledge,
  14. activity (joga),
  15. imagination (uvaoga),
  16. mode of birth (uvavāya),
  17. descent on earth (cavaṇa),
  18. duration (ṭhii),
  19. development (pajjatti),
  20. which nourishment? (kim-āhāre),
  21. consciousness (sanni),
  22. destiny (gaī),
  23. coming back (āgai),
  24. sexual inclination (vee).

This has been the starting point of a variety of works, among which the Caturviṃśatidaṇḍaka by Gajasāra stands as a classic.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated ahead of Māhiṣmatī according to Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17). Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Daṇḍaka.—(EI 30), probably, a regulation. (IE 8-8), meaning uncertain; probably, fines. Cf. daṇḍaku (IA 16), a boundary mark or land-mark. Note: daṇḍaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dandaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

daṇḍaka : (nt.) a stick, twig, rod, a handle.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Daṇḍaka, (Demin. of daṇḍa) 1. a (small) stick, a twig; a staff, a rod; a handle D.I, 7 (a walking stick carried for ornament: see DA.I, 89); J.I, 120 (sukkha° a dry twig); II, 103; III, 26; DhA.III, 171; Vism.353.—aḍḍha° a (birch) rod, used as a means of beating (tāḷeti) A.I, 47; II, 122=M.I, 87=Nd2 604=Miln.197; ubhato° two handled (of a saw) M.I, 129=189; ratha° the flag-staff of a chariot Miln.27; veṇu° a jungle rope J.III, 204.—See also kudaṇḍaka a twig used for tying J.III, 204.—2. the crossbar or bridge of a lute J.II, 252, 253.

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daṇḍaka (दंडक).—m S Custom, practice, usage. 2 A sort of metre. 3 Intercourse. 4 A long (esp. as bare and dreary) road or line of space.

--- OR ---

dāṇḍakā (दांडका).—m dāṇḍakēṃ n dāṇḍagēṃ n (dāṇḍa) A short piece of wood:--as a cudgel, a roller, a ruler, a strickle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

daṇḍaka (दंडक).—m Custom, practice, usage.

--- OR ---

dāṇḍakā (दांडका).—m dāḍakēṃ-gēṃ n A short piece of wood, a cudgel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—

1) A stick, staff &c. (such as a handle of a parasol, the beam of a plough, the staff of a banner).

2) A line, row.

3) Name of a metre; see App. I.

-kaḥ, -kā, -kam Name of a celebrated district in the Deccan situated between the rivers Narmadā and Godāvarī (it was a vast region said to be tenantless in the time of Rāma); प्राप्तानि दुःखान्यपि दण्डकेषु (prāptāni duḥkhānyapi daṇḍakeṣu) R.14.25; किं नाम दण्डकेयम् (kiṃ nāma daṇḍakeyam) Uttararāmacarita 2; क्वायोध्यायाः पुनरुपगमो दण्डकायां वने वः (kvāyodhyāyāḥ punarupagamo daṇḍakāyāṃ vane vaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2.13,14,15.

Derivable forms: daṇḍakaḥ (दण्डकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—(-vana), name of a forest (compare Pali Daṇḍa-kārañña? but in Lalitavistara associated with an evil person named Brahmadatta): Lalitavistara 316.2. Tibetan transliterates, dan ta ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) A sort of metre, the stanza of which exceeds twenty-seven syllables, and may extend to 200. f.

(-kā) The peninsula of India, from between the Narmada and Godaveri rivers to the south, the whole of which, in the days of Rama, was a large forest. E. daṇḍa a staff, &c. and svārthe ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—[daṇḍa + ka], m. and n. 1. The staff of a banner, Mahābhārata 7, 1569. 2. also f. , The name of a great forest in the Dekhan, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 1, 39; [Mahāvīracharita, (ed. Trithen.)] 65, 11. 3. m. pl. The name of the inhabitants of this locality, and of the locality itself, Mahābhārata 13, 7223; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 21, 63. 4. m. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 637.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक).—[masculine] stick, staff (also [feminine] daṇḍikā), flagstaff; [neuter] = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Vs. Oxf. 382^b. Peters. 2, 170. See Vedadaṇḍaka.

2) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—kāvya. B. 2, 84.

3) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—vaid. See Saṃhitāº, Sāmavedasaṃhitāº. Delete Vedadaṇḍaka.

4) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—kāvya, by Tulasīdāsa. Peters. 4, 26.

5) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—Vs. Ulwar 159.

6) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—vaidic. Ak 60 ([anonymous]).
—Vs. selected mantrāḥ. Bd. 25. 26. L.. 127. 128.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—[from daṇḍa] a m. ([gana] ṛśyādi) (n. [gana] ardharcādi) ifc. ‘a staff’ See tri-

2) [v.s. ...] a handle (of a parasol), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the beam (of a plough), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the staff of a banner, [Mahābhārata vii, ix]

5) [v.s. ...] ([Pāṇini 5-3, 87; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) Name of a plant, [Suśruta v, 7, 1]

6) [v.s. ...] a row, line, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] a class of metres the stanzas of which may extend from 4 x 27 to 4X 999 syllables, [Chandaḥ-sūtra vii, 33-36; HanRāmUp. 15]

8) [v.s. ...] a kind of spasm, [Caraka vi, 28; Bhāvaprakāśa vii, 36, 171 and 227]

9) [v.s. ...] (ḍākhya) 171/172

10) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] relating to, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

11) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Ikṣvāku (whose country was laid waste by the curse of Bhārgava, whose daughter he had violated; his kingdom in consequence became the kāraṇya), [Mahābhārata] xii (allusion only), [Harivaṃśa 637; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 6, 4; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra] ([varia lectio] dāṇḍakya)

12) [v.s. ...] ṇḍa, [Rāmāyaṇa vii.79, 15; Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv 2, 4; Vāyu-purāṇa ii, 26, 9; Padma-purāṇa i]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a silly man, [Bharaṭaka-dvātriṃśikā xxv]

14) [v.s. ...] of an Asura, [Vīracarita xvi]

15) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the inhabitants of kāraṇya, [Mahābhārata ii, xiii; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

16) [v.s. ...] n. = kāraṇya, [Mahābhārata xiii; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 11, 19; Prasannarāghava vii, 77] ([plural])

17) Daṇḍakā (दण्डका):—[from daṇḍaka > daṇḍa] f. idem, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa] xiii (colophon), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Mahāvīra-caritra iv, 40/41]

18) Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—[from dāṇḍa] b m. Name of a Bhoja ([varia lectio] kya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daṇḍaka (दण्डक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. A metre; a vessel. f. () Peninsula of India.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Daṇḍakā (दण्डका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ḍaṃḍagā, Daṃḍaga, Daṃḍaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dandaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Daṃḍaka (ದಂಡಕ):—

1) [noun] a thin, long staff (as of a bamboo).

2) [noun] the forest between the Narmada and Gōdāvari rivers in the northern part of southern of India.

3) [noun] (pros.) a meter, having more than twenty six syllables in each quarter.

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Daṃḍaka (ದಂಡಕ):—[noun] a usual method or custom; a convention; a practice.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of dandaka in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

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