Malyavat, Mālyavat: 9 definitions


Malyavat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Malyavat (मल्यवत्) is the name of a mountain-range situated between Ilāvṛta and Bhadrāśva, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.76. Ilāvṛta and Bhadrāśva are regions (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīpa: one of the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī). These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhyatantra, “standing between Ilāvṛta and Bhadrāśva and running from North to South is the mountain-range called Malyavat, which is one thousand yojanas across. Seeing the heavenly garlands, the Siddhas who had come there to worship Brahmā plucked them, and thereforeit is called Malyavat”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mālyavat (माल्यवत्) or Mālyavadgiri refers to a mountain (range) belonging to “Pūrvā or Pūrvadeśa (eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya represent the eastern division consisting of [i.e., Mālyavat] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Mālyavat (माल्यवत्) is the name of a mountain situated to the north of mount Meru and south of mount Nīla. In between Mālyavat and Gandhamādana are the bhogabhūmis (enjoyment-lands) known as Uttarakuru in which there are the mountains known as Yamaka standing along the banks of the river Sitā.

Nīla is one of the seven mountain ranges (varṣadharaparvata) of Jambūdvīpa according to Jaina cosmology. Jambūdvīpa sits at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Mālyavat (माल्यवत्) is the name of a mountain range in Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“To the north of Meru and to the south of the Nīla Mountains are the Gandhamādana and Mālyavat Mountains, with the shape of an elephant’s tusk. Between them are the very charming Uttarakurus with 100 golden mountains at the sides of the 5 lakes divided by Śītā. On the banks of the river Śītā are 2 mountains named Yamaka, corresponding to the golden Vidtrakūṭa and Citrakūṭa”.

Another Mālyavat mountain is also mentioned: Accordingly:—“[...] In the space between Kṣudrahimavat and Mahāhimavat, there is a round Vaitāḍhya mountain, named Śabdāpātin. Between Śikharin and Rukmin is Mountain Vikaṭāpatin; Gandhāpātin is between Mahāhimavat and Niṣadha; Mālyavat is between the Nīla and Rukmin Mountains. All are cylindrical shaped and 1000 yojanas high”

2) Mālyavat (माल्यवत्) refers to one of the sons of Indrāṇī and Sukeśa (son of Rākṣasa-king Taḍitkeśa from Laṅkā), according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa].—Accordingly:—“[...] Taḍitkeśa bestowed his kingdom on his son, Sukeśa, became a mendicant, and went to the final abode. [...] In the city Pātālalaṅkā sons were borne to Sukeśa by Indrāṇī—Mālin, Sumālin, and Mālyavat. Two long-armed sons, named Ādityarajas and Ṛkṣarajas, were borne to Kiṣkindhi by Śrīmālā. [...] They went to Laṅkā and killed the Khecara, Nirghāta. Verily, enmity with heroes may result in death even after a long time. Then Mālin became king in Laṅkā and Ādityarajas king in Kiṣkindhā at Kiṣkindhi’s command. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mālyavat (माल्यवत्).—a. Wreathed, crowned, -m.

1) Name of a mountain or mountain range; सोऽयं शैलः ककुभसुरभिर्माल्यवान्नाम (so'yaṃ śailaḥ kakubhasurabhirmālyavānnāma) Uttararāmacarita 1.33; R.13.26.

2) Name of a demon, son of Suketu. [He was the maternal uncle and minister of Rāvaṇa and aided him in many of his schemes. In early times he propitiated the god Brahman by his austere penance, as a reward of which the splendid island of Laṅkā was caused to be built for him. He lived there with his brothers for some years, but afterwards left it, which was then occupied by Kubera. Afterwards when Rāvaṇa ousted Kubera from the island, Mālyavat returned with his relatives and lived with him for a long time.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālyavat (माल्यवत्).—m. (-vān) 1. A mountainous range, described as one of the smaller mountains of India proper; lying eastward of mount Meru. 2. An epithet of the maternal grand uncle of Ravana. Lanka was originally built for him: but it was deserted by him and occupied by Kuvera. Ravana recovered it from the latter and Malyabat returned with his relations to live with Ravana as his minister. f. (-vatī) Name of a river. E. mālya a wreath, and matup aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mālyavat (माल्यवत्):—[=mālya-vat] [from mālya > māla] mfn. crowned with garlands, garlanded, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Rākṣasa (son of Su-keśa), [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of one of Śiva’s attendants, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] of a mountain or mountainous range (lying eastward of mount Meru), [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mālyavat (माल्यवत्):—[mālya-vat] (vān) 5. m. A mountainous range east of mount Meru. f. (vatī) Name of a river.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mālyavat (माल्यवत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Mālavaṃta.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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