Malyavan, Mālyavan, Mālyavān: 5 definitions
Malyavan means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Mālyavān (माल्यवान्).—One of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. Jambūdvīpa is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Mālyavān (माल्यवान्).—A Pārṣada of Śiva. The most intimate friend of Mālyavān was Puṣpadanta. Curse of Mālyavān. Once Śiva was telling Pārvatī a story of the Gandharvas and Puṣpadanta heard it as he sat hiding in a place nearby. Pārvatī got angry and was about to curse when Mālyavān intervened and recommended for mercy. Pārvatī got angrier and cursed them both to be born on earth as men. They begged for relief and Pārvatī said: "In the deep depths of the forest of Vindhya mountains there lives a Yakṣa named Supratīka who has been turned into a devil called Kāṇabhūti by a curse. Puṣpadanta should narrate the story he has now heard to Kāṇabhūti and he will then be released from the curse. Kāṇabhūti would narrate to Mālyavān what he has heard from Puṣpadanta and Kāṇabhūti would then be released from his curse. Mālyavān should then make public the story he has heard and then he will also be released from the curse". Puṣpadanta was born as Vararuci in the city of Kauśāmbī and Mālyavān as Guṇāḍhya in the city of Supratiṣṭhita. (See under Guṇāḍhya). (See full article at Story of Mālyavān from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Mālyavān (माल्यवान्).—Son of the demon Sukeśa. He was the brother of Mālī and Sumālī.
2) This Mālyavān was the father of Rāvaṇa’s mother. They were all living in Pātāla but when Rāvaṇa obtained his boon he sent away Kubera from Laṅkā and became the ruler of Laṅkā. Mālyavān and other demons followed Rāvaṇa to Laṅkā and stayed with him confirming his sovereignty over the place.
2) In the Rāma-Rāvaṇa battle Sugrīva stole the crown of Rāvaṇa and kicked him on his face. Ashamed of the insult Rāvaṇa went back to his palace and the first person he saw was Mālyavān. The old man had come to advise Rāvaṇa to give back Sītā to Śrī Rāma. But Rāvaṇa did not like the advice and tore to pieces the letter of advice. (For more details see under Mālī).
3) Mālyavān (माल्यवान्).—A mountain. This mountain is situated between the mountains of Meru and Mandara in the country of Ilāvṛta. This mountain shines like gold. (Chapter 7, Bhīṣma Parva).
4) Mālyavān (माल्यवान्).—Another mountain near the Himālayas. The Pāṇḍavas visited this mountain on their way to the mountain Gandhamādana from the āśrama of Ārṣṭiṣeṇa. (Chapter 153, Vana Parva).
5) Mālyavān (माल्यवान्).—A mountain situated in the country of Kiṣkindhā. The fight between Bāli and Sugrīva took place near this mountain. This is on the banks of the river Tuṅgabhadrā. Uttara Rāmāyaṇa states that the palace of Sugrīva was on the top of this mountain. Śrī Rāma stayed on the beautiful peak of this mountain for four months. (Śloka 40, Chapter 280, Vana Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Mālyavan (माल्यवन्).—Mt. a mountain range to the east of Meru, south of Nīla, north of Niṣādha and west of Ilāvrata and a boundary limit of Ketumālā, a thousand yojanas in extent; the stream Cakṣus descends from its summits;1 at its top is Amarakaṇṭaka in Kalinga.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 10; 17. 7; Matsya-purāṇa 113. 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 33-4; 42. 19 and 42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 27, 39.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 38; 17. 18; III. 13. 7 and 13.
1b) A son of Rākṣasa, Prahati; slain by Hari in the Devāsura war; his daughters were Puṣpotkaṭā and Vākā; father-in-law of Viśravas.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 10. 57; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 90; 8. 39. Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 34.
1c) (varṣam) a kingdom of Bhadrāśva.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 51; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 44; 43. 5.
1d) A son of Lanku.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 129.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Mālyavān (माल्यवान्) is the name of a gaṇa, who was together with Puṣpadanta (a subordinate of Śiva), cursed by Pārvatī to become mortals, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara. This happened after Puṣpadanta overheard Śiva narrating the adventures of the seven Vidyādharas to Pārvatī. Pārvatī caused Puṣpadanta to be summoned and cursed him, together with Mālyavān (a gaṇa, who intervened and recommended for mercy) to become mortals.
Pārvatī uttered the curse as follows: “A Yakṣa named Supratīka, who has been made a Piśāca by the curse of Kuvera, is residing in the Vindhya forest under the name of Kāṇabhūti. When thou shalt see him, and calling to mind thy origin, tell him this tale; then, Puṣpadanta, thou shalt be released from this curse. And when Mālyavān shall hear this tale from Kāṇabhūti, then Kāṇabhūti shall be released, and thou, Mālyavān, when thou hast published it abroad, shalt be free also.”
When asked by Pārvatī what happened to these cursed gaṇas (servants), Śiva answered: “My beloved, Puṣpadanta has been born under the name of Vararuci in that great city which is called Kauśāmbī. Moreover Mālyavān also has been born in the splendid city called Supratiṣṭhita under the name of Guṇāḍhya. This, O goddess, is what has befallen them.”
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mālyavān, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Mālyavān (माल्यवान्) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Mālyavān] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
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