Makuta, Makuṭa: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Makuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Makuṭa (मकुट) or Makuṭāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (eg., makuṭa).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Makuṭa (मकुट) refers to “crowns”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

makuṭa : (m.; nt.) crest; crown; a coronet.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Makuṭa, (f.) (cp. BSk. makuṭa Divy 411) a crest Abhp 283 (kirīṭa+, i.e. adornment). (Page 511)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Makuṭa (मकुट).—A crown; cf. मुकुट (mukuṭa); Mb.3.

Derivable forms: makuṭam (मकुटम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Makuṭa (मकुट).—nt. or m. (= Pali and Sanskrit Lex. id.; one doubtful Sanskrit occurrence, Schmidt, Nachträge; Sanskrit muk°), diadem, crown: Mahāvastu i.129.7 (verse, read with mss. śiraṃ… sa-makuṭaṃ; Senart's em. impossible in meter and im- plausible in sense); Mahāvastu i.153.1 = ii.29.16 (verse; same verse i.226.13 muk°); ii.316.11 (verse, read with one ms. śīryanto, or °ta, mahyaṃ makuṭo…); iii.178.16, 19 (°ṭam, n. sg.); [Page413-1b+ 12] Divyāvadāna 411.12 (°ṭaṃ dattam, n. sg.); (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 63.2 etc.; of flowers, gandha-makuṭā Mahāvastu ii.463.3, and °ṭāni 4 (prose), fragrant crowns (of flowers).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makuṭa (मकुट).—n.

(-ṭaṃ) A crest, a head-dress, a crown, a tiara. E. maki to adorn, aff. uṭa form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makuṭa (मकुट):—n. a crest (= mukuṭa), [Divyāvadāna]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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