Caula: 18 definitions


Caula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaula.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta

Caula (चौल) refers to one of the eleven saṃskāras (purificatory rites of fire) forming part of preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Caula (चौल) refers to the “ceremony of tonsure”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14.—Accordingly, “[...] the different sacrifices sthālīpāka etc. for the propitiation of Indra and other gods by offerings in the fire are called devayajña. The rites of caula (ceremony of tonsure) etc. are performed in the ordinary fire”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Sardhatrisatikalottaragama

Caula (चौल) refers to the ceremony of “first haircut”, which is mentioned as one of the fire-rituals related to the kuṇḍa (“fire-pit”), according to the various Āgamas and related literature. Caula is mentioned in the Vīra-āgama (chapter 41) and the Makuṭa-āgama (chapter 6).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaikhanasa Grhyasutra Bhasya (Critical Edition and Study)

Caula (चौल) or Cauḍaka refers to the “ritual of the first tonsure of the child” (in preparation for his “second birth”) and represents one of the eighteen bodily rituals (śārīraka-saṃskāras) mentioned in the Vaikhānasagṛhyasūtra (viz., vaikhānasa-gṛhya-sūtra) which belongs to the Taittirīya school of the Black Yajurveda (kṛṣṇayajurveda).—The original Gṛhyasūtra of Vaikhanāsa consists of eleven chapters or “praśnas”. Each praśna is subdivided into sub-divisions called “khaṇḍa”. But only the first seven chapters deal with actual Gṛhyasūtra section. Of these, the first three chapters dealing with the bodily rituals [viz., Caula].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Caula (चौल) is the name of a country classified as Kādi (a type of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Caula] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Caula in India is the name of a plant defined with Wikstroemia indica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Daphne aquilaria Blanco (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin de la Classe PhysicoMathématique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg (1843)
· Prodromus Florae Norfolkicae (1833)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Caula, for example side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cāūla (चाऊल).—f A sound, scent, glance, or sign in general indicating the approach or the near passage of. See fully under cāhūla, although this form of spelling is equally approved.

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caula (चौल).—n S Tonsure of the head of a child to form the chuṛa or shenḍi.

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cauḷā (चौळा).—& cauḷī See cavaḷā & cavaḷī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cāūla (चाऊल).—f A sound, scent, or sign in general, indicating the approach of a person, &c.

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caula (चौल).—n Tonsure of the head of a child to form the śēṇḍī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caula (चौल).—(-ḍī f.), [caula] (- f.) a. [चूडा प्रयोजनमस्य चूडा° णः वा डस्य लः (cūḍā prayojanamasya cūḍā° ṇaḥ vā ḍasya laḥ)]

1) Crested.

2) Relating to tonsure.

-ḍam, -lam The ceremony of tonsure.

See also (synonyms): cauḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caula (चौल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Relating to a crest or top-knot, &c. E. cūlā for cūḍā, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caula (चौल).—i. e. cūḍā + a, n. The ceremony of cutting the hair, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caula (चौल).—[neuter] = cūḍa ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caula (चौल):—n. ([from] cūlā = cūḍā) the tonsure ceremony (See cūḍā-karaṇa), [AśvG-. i, 17, 1; Nārada-saṃhitā i, 13]

2) [xxii; Śūdra-dharma-tattva]

3) mfn. ifc. ([gana] cūrṇādi) See cūlā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caula (चौल):—[(laḥ-lī-laṃ) a.] Of a crest.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Caula (चौल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Colaa, Colaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Caula in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caula (ಚೌಲ):—[noun] a ritual of tonsuring a male child for the first time.

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Caula (ಚೌಲ):—[noun] an erstwhile silver coin equal to one eighth of a rupee.

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Cauḷa (ಚೌಳ):—[noun] = ಚೌಲ [caula]1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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