Karkataka, aka: Karkaṭaka; 6 Definition(s)


Karkataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Karkataka in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karkaṭaka (कर्कटक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “crab”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Karkaṭaka is part of the sub-group named Vāriśaya, refering to animals “living in waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Karkaṭaka (कर्कटक)—Sanskrit word for an animal “crab”. This animal is from the group called Pādin (‘those which have feet’). Pādin itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Karkataka in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1a) Karkaṭaka (कर्कटक).—A commander of Bhaṇḍa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 78.

1b) Cancer; when the sun enters this it is Dakṣiṇāyana.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 31.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karkataka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karkaṭaka (कर्कटक).—1 A crab. कर्कटकसधर्माणो हि जनकभक्षाः राजपुत्राः (karkaṭakasadharmāṇo hi janakabhakṣāḥ rājaputrāḥ) Kau. A.1.17.

2) Cancer, the fourth sign of the zodiac.

3) Compass, circuit.

4) A kind of sugarcane.

5) A hook.

-kī A female crab.

-kam 1 A poisonous root.

2) A particular fracture of the bones.

Derivable forms: karkaṭakaḥ (कर्कटकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karkaṭaka (कर्कटक).—(m. or nt.; compare karkaṭa, actually °ṭakāṅ-ghri, a moulding, a kind of joinery resembling the crab's leg, Acharya, Dict. Hindu Arch. 115), (1) a kind of moulding on a toraṇa (°ṇā): Mv iii.178.16 tasya nirdhāvantasya [Page170-a+ 71] toraṇāye karkaṭakasmiṃ makuṭaṃ lagnaṃ, and 20 (uttamāṅgato makuṭaṃ toraṇāgrāto) karkaṭakena utkṣip- taṃ; (2) in Divy 274.23 (and 281.2) °kena, defined Index as hook, but rather tongs, a meaning found in Sanskrit; (3) °ṭikā, f., heart of a flower: Mvy 6239 = Tibetan sñiṅ po, which also renders karṇikā 6238; also in indranīla-kark° 6244; of a lotus, Gv 434.14 mahāratnarājapadma-karkaṭikāyām; ifc. Bhvr. 434.13 (paṅktivairocana)maṇirāja-karkaṭikaṃ; (4) °ṭaka (= Pali Kakkaṭa), n. of an upāsaka in Nādikā: MPS 9.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Karkaṭaka (कर्कटक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A crab. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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