Makarasana, Makara-asana, Makarāsana, Mākarāsana: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Makarasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Makarasana in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Makarāsana (मकरासन, “makara posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of posture (āsana) used in Yoga. It is composed of the words makara (sea monster) and āsana (posture).

Source: archive.org: Gheranda Samhita

Makarāsana (मकरासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Lie prone, the chest touching the ground and the two legs stretched out. Hold the head with the two arms. This is Makarāsana that increases the heat of the body”.

Makarāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning makara-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Makarasana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Makarāsana (मकरासन).—a kind of Āsana in yoga; मकरासनमावक्ष्ये वायूनां स्तम्भकारणात् । पृष्ठे पादद्वयं बद्ध्वा हस्ताभ्यां पृष्ठबन्धनम् (makarāsanamāvakṣye vāyūnāṃ stambhakāraṇāt | pṛṣṭhe pādadvayaṃ baddhvā hastābhyāṃ pṛṣṭhabandhanam) || Rudrayāmala.

Derivable forms: makarāsanam (मकरासनम्).

Makarāsana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms makara and āsana (आसन).

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Mākarāsana (माकरासन).—a particular posture in sitting.

Derivable forms: mākarāsanam (माकरासनम्).

Mākarāsana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mākara and āsana (आसन).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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