Maharasa, Mahārasa, Maha-rasa: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Maharasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Mahārasa and Uparasa, (translated as ‘mercuries’) are two groups of alchemical mineral agents, according to the Rasaśāstroddhṛti (Sanskrit alchemical work). These two groups of minerals (or rocks that contain minerals) are involved in ‘purifying’ and ‘killing’ metals, as well as eliminating the poisonous components of mercury. Therefore, they are also called the ‘devourer elements’.

According to the Rasasiddhiśāstra, the seven mahārasa are:

  1. ‘chalcopyrite’ (gser zil rdo),
  2. ‘iron pyrite’ (dri med rdo),
  3. thuthuka (tutthaka) or ‘copper sulphate’,
  4. mercury,
  5. cinnabar,
  6. masaka (mākṣika, or, maksika) or ‘copper pyrite’,
  7. and ‘the one which moves’ (g.yo byed);

2) Mahārasa (महारस):—The name of a group of eighth minerals consisting of superior properties, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra.

These are the names of the eighth minerals (Sanskrit name first, english name in brackets):

  1. Abhraka/Gagana (‘mica’),
  2. Rājāvarta (‘lapis lazuli’),
  3. Vaikrānta (‘turmaline’/‘manganese ore’),
  4. Sasyaka (‘copper sulphate ore’/‘blue vitriol’),
  5. Tāpya/Mākṣika (‘chalcopyrite’),
  6. Vimala (‘iron pyrite’),
  7. Śailasaṃbhūta/Śilājatu (‘asphalt’/‘mineral pitch’/‘bituman’),
  8. Rasaka/Kharpara (‘zine blend’/‘zinc ores’/‘calamine’).
Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya

Mahārasa (महारस) refers to “eight metals which are considered superior in processing mercury”, and mentioned in the Rasaratnasamuccaya: a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of maharasa in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahārasa (महारस).—a. very savoury. (-saḥ) 1 a sugarcane.

2) quicksilver.

3) a precious mineral.

4) the fruit of the date tree.

5) any one of the eight substances given below :-दरदः पारदं शस्ये वैक्रान्तं कान्तमभ्रकम् । माक्षिकं विमलश्चेति स्युरेतेऽष्टौ महारसाः (daradaḥ pāradaṃ śasye vaikrāntaṃ kāntamabhrakam | mākṣikaṃ vimalaśceti syurete'ṣṭau mahārasāḥ) ||

-sam sour ricewater.

Mahārasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and rasa (रस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārasa (महारस).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. The date tree, (Phœnix sylvestris.) 2. A species of club rush, (Scirpus kysoor.) 3. Any precious mineral. 4. Quicksilver. n.

(-raṃ) Gruel made from the fermentation of rice-water. E. mahā great, rasa juice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahārasa (महारस):—[=mahā-rasa] [from mahā > mah] m. ‘precious mineral’ (Name of 8 metals or minerals used in med°), [Catalogue(s); cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] quicksilver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] flavour, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. having much fl°, very savoury, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a sugar-cane, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Phoenix Sylvestris, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Scirpus Kysoor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Mahārasā (महारसा):—[=mahā-rasā] [from mahā-rasa > mahā > mah] f. Indigofera Tinctoria, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Clitoria Ternatea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Evolvulus Alsinoides, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Mahārasa (महारस):—[=mahā-rasa] [from mahā > mah] n. sour rice-water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārasa (महारस):—[mahā-rasa] (saḥ) 1. m. The date tree; a club rush; rice gruel.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mahārasa (महारस):—1. (ma + rasa) m. ein edles Mineral: daradaḥ pāradaḥ sasyo vaikrāntaṃ kāntamabhrakam . mākṣikaṃ vimalaśceti syurete ṣṭau mahārasāḥ .. [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Oxforder Handschriften 320,a,32.] mahārasāḥ syustatrādāvaṣṭau pāradahiṅgule . vaiṣṇavaṃ sasyakaṃ śailaṃ capalaṃ rasakomalam .. abhrakaṃ tuchakaṃ (tutthakaṃ verbessert [AUFR.]) kāntaṃ rājāvartamathāñjanam . [321,a, No. 761.] Quecksilber [Rājanirghaṇṭa]

--- OR ---

Mahārasa (महारस):—2. (wie eben)

1) adj. überaus schmackhaft: bhakṣyāṇi [Mahābhārata 3, 10041.] —

2) m. a) Zuckerrohr [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 447.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 330.] [Medinīkoṣa s. 58] (kośakāra) . [Hārāvalī 100.] [Ratnamālā 84.] — b) Phoenix sylvestris [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) Scirpus Kysoor Roxb. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

3) n. saurer Reisschleim [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 416.] [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mahārasa (महारस):—1. m.

1) Bez. von acht als Medicamente benutzten Metallen oder Mineralien [Rājan 22,48.] —

2) *Quecksilber [Rājan 13,107.] —

3) Wohlgeschmack [Rāmāyaṇa 3,62,37.]

--- OR ---

Mahārasa (महारस):—2. —

1) Adj. überaus schmackhaft.

2) *m. — a) Zuckerrohr. — b) Phoenix sylvestris. — c) Schirpus Kysoor.

3) *n. saurer Reisschleim.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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