Sasyaka, Shasyaka: 8 definitions



Sasyaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sasyaka (सस्यक, “copper sulphate ore, blue vitriol”):—One of the eight mahārasa (‘superior minerals’), according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5

Sasyaka or Tuttha (‘copper sulphate’):—That which is blue in colour, possess marakata-mani (emerald) like shade and associated with tejas (brightness) is considered as superior Sasyaka. As it was mixed with viṣa anda mṛta at the time of origin hence its properties are more than viṣa, just like asūdhā which when associated with viṣa becomes more potent in properties than the plain sūdhā. It can pacify tridoṣas, checks viṣa-prabhāva, destroys gudaśūla, amlapitta and vibandha (constipation). And acts as best Rasāyana. Mayura-tuttha produces vomiting and purgation, destroys svitrakuṣṭha and also all the diseases.

Mythological Origin:—‘Garuḍa’ (a heaven bird) has drunken hālāhala poison and amṛta (nectar) simultaniously and vomited immediately. This vomited poison associated with sudhā (nectar) on marakata mountain when turned solid in due course oftime became known as Sasyaka.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sasyaka (सस्यक).—a. Possessed of good qualities, meritorious.

-kaḥ 1 A sword.

2) A weapon.

3) A kind of precious stone .

4) The inner part of a cocoanut; L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sasyaka (सस्यक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A sort of precious stone, described as of the colour of the inner fruit of the cocoanut. 2. A sword. f.

(-kā) Adj. Possessed of good qualities. E. kan added to the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sasyaka (सस्यक).—[sasya + ka], I. adj. Possessed of all good qualities. Ii. n. 1. A sort of precious stone. 2. A sword.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śasyaka (शस्यक):—[from śas] n. powder (= cūrṇa), [Rāmāyaṇa] ([Scholiast or Commentator])

2) [v.s. ...] [varia lectio] for sasyaka q.v.

3) Sasyaka (सस्यक):—[from sasya] mfn. possessed of good qualities, perfect in its kind, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 5-2, 68]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a sword, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. n. a kind of precious stone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sasyaka (सस्यक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A sort of precious stone; a sword.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sasyaka (सस्यक):—

1) adj. = sasyena parijātaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 68.] = guṇena saṃbaddhaḥ mit den Beispielen sasyako vatsaḥ, sasyakaḥ sādhuḥ Schol. Im Sūtra wird śasya als v. l. erwähnt. —

2) m. a) ein best. Edelstein (vielleicht Smaragd) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 46.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 165.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 7, 20] (v. l. śasyaka). [80, 5.] = nālikerāntaḥsasyābhamaṇi [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 107.] = sarvaguṇayukto maṇiḥ [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4, 109.] — b) Schwert (vgl. 1. śas) [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] —

3) n. a) in der Verbindung rasālanāgāhvayaśasyakam [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 96, 3.] nāgāhvayo nāgakeśarastasya śasyakaṃ cūrṇamiti sarvajñaḥ . pūrvaṃ puṣpamidānīṃ cūrṇamityarthaḥ Comm. — b) ein best. edles Mineral [Oxforder Handschriften 321,a, No. 761.] — Würde wohl richtiger überall mit śa geschrieben werden.

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Śasyaka (शस्यक):—vgl. sasyaka .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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