Rasaka, Rāsaka: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Rasaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Rasaka (रसक, “Calamine” or “Zinc ore”):—Sanskrit technical term used in Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. Rasaka is an ingredient which can be used in combinations with Rasa (mercury) in various recipes.

2) Rasaka (रसक, “zine blend, zinc ores”):—One of the eight mahārasa (‘superior minerals’), according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is also known as Kharpara.

Rasaka has the following two varieties:

  1. Kāravellaka (used for satvapātana purpose)
  2. and Dardura (used for preparing medicines).
Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Rasaka refers to “calamine”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5

Rasaka is of two types, viz: 1. Kāravellaka; and 2. Dardura. Nāgārjuna, the father of Indian alchemy (rasavāda), had claimed that Sūta (mercury) and Kharpara/Rasaka (zinc ore) both if made agnisaha (thermostable) then these are considered as the best of all Rasas (mahārasas) and those who have succeeded in this, for them it is easy to achieve svarṇa-mayī-siddhi (gold making knowledge). There is no doubt in it. It means in rasavāda (alchemy) Rasa (mercury) and Rasaka (zinc ores) are the most important drugs to achieve success in gold making.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Rāsaka (रासक) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Rāsaka has 21 mātrās in each of their four lines, divided into groups of 18, 3 (III) mātras with the yati after the 14th mātrā.—Both Hemacandra and Kavidarpaṇa II.23, mention a 2nd variety of the Rāsaka which contains 23 mātrās in its line, formed by 5 caturmātras followed by a short and a long letter at the end. In fact, Rāsaka is a common name for all kinds of the mātrā-vṛttas (Jātis), like the names Galitaka and Khañjaka.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Rāsaka (रासक) refers to a “kind of song”, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—M.C. defines rasa as “a sort of song in the Hindoostanee language”. Rāsaka is also used for the circular dance itself.

Accordingly: “[...] Among these Indras and gods some, burdened with a load of devotion, lifted the full pitchers and brought them to the bathers. [...] Some shook Mt. Mandara by stamping their feet; others split the earth by blows with their hands. Some made a repeated outcry with great joy; others sang rāsakas, moving in a circle. Some blazed artificially; others cried for amusement; some thundered deeply; and others flashed like lightning”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rasaka : (m.) a cook.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rasaka, (fr. rasa, cp. Classic Sk. rasaka) a cook J. V, 460, 461, 507. (Page 567)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rasaka (रसक).—Soup made from meat.

Derivable forms: rasakam (रसकम्).

--- OR ---

Rāsaka (रासक).—A kind of minor drama; see S. D.548.

Derivable forms: rāsakam (रासकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rasaka (रसक).—(m. or nt.), some sort of gem: anye (devā) rasakehi samalaṃkṛtaṃ (bodhivṛkṣaṃ saṃjānanti) Mahāvastu ii.311.3 (in a list including various jewels etc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasaka (रसक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Stewed or boiled meat. E. rasa juice, aff. kan .

--- OR ---

Rāsaka (रासक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A kind of minor drama in one act.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rasaka (रसक).—[rasa + ka], m. Stewed or boiled meat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rasaka (रसक):—[from ras] m. or n. soup made from meat, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) Rāsaka (रासक):—[from rās] m. a kind of dance, [Harṣacarita]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of song, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

5) [v.s. ...] mn. a kind of dramatic entertainment, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rasaka (रसक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Boiled meat.

2) Rāsaka (रासक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. A kind of drama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rasaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rāsaka (ರಾಸಕ):—[noun] (rhet.) a variety of plays with a single act having a shrewd heroine and a stupid or foolish hero.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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