Maga; 9 Definition(s)


Maga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Maga (मग).—The brahmins residing in the island of Śāka are generally called Magas. The Brahmaparva of Bhaviṣya Purāṇa and the Sāmba Purāṇa speak about the Magas thus:

Sāmba, son of Kṛṣṇa, did severe penance to please Sūryadeva and pleased with the unwavering devotion of Sāmba, Sūrya gave him a luminous replica of himself for worship. Sāmba constructed a beautiful temple by the side of the Candrabhāgā river and installed the idol there. He then brought from Śākadvīpa the brahmins called Magas for conducting the ceremonies of the temple. All the eighteen families of Maga brahmins came and stayed near the temple at the request of Sāmba.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Maga or Maka: We can accurately identify the area of the Indo-Greek King Maga or Maka because the area of western Bactria, western Tajikistan, eastern Tukmenistan and eastern Uzbekistan was well-known as the country of Maka. Most probably, the first Indo-Greek King of this area had a title of Soter Megas (ΣΩΤΗΡ ΜΕΓΑΣ) which is evident from the numismatic evidence. The descendants of Indo-Greek King Soter Megas also had the same title. Therefore, they were generally referred to as Maga or Maka kings. Gradually, the country of Maga kings also came be known as Maga. Since Zoroaster was born in this Maka kingdom, Zoroastrianism also came to be known as Maghism.

Source: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

Maga (मग) or Maka is another name for Magas ( king of Cyrene in North Africa), with whom Asoka maintained a friendly relation.—Asoka maintained friendly relations not only with Ceylon and the Tāmil powers of the South but also with kings of countries outside India. They were Antiochus Theos, King of Syria and western India (Aṃtiyako Yonarājā), and even with the kings and neighbours to the north of the kingdom of Antiochus where dwelt four kings named severally Ptolemy (Turamayo), Antigonos (Aṃtikini), Magas (Maga or Maka), and Alexander (Alikasudara). Ptolemy Philadelphos was King of Egypt, Magas was King of Cyrene in North Africa, Antigonos Gonatas was King of Macedonia, and Alexander was King of Epirus (Rock Edict XIII).

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

maga : (m.) a quadruped.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Maga, (another form of miga=Sk. mṛga, cp. Geiger, P. Gr. 124) 1. animal for hunting, deer, antelope M. I, 173 (in simile); S. I, 199 (id.); A. I, 70; II, 23; Th. 1, 958, 989; Sn. 275, 763, 880; J. V, 267.—2. a stupid person J. VI, 206, 371. (Page 512)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

maga (मग).—ad (māgēṃ) Then, upon that, afterwards. 2 By and by; a little while hence; presently. 3 Then; that being the case; that standing as a ground or reason. Ex. tō gēlā maga tulā jāyāsa kāya jhālēṃ? pāūsa tara puṣkaḷa paḍalā maga pikēṃ kāṃ nāhīṃ ālīṃ? 4 It is often used as a mere expletive.

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māga (माग).—m A loom. 2 The pit made for the descent of the pedal in weaving. 3 (mārga S) Trace, track, vestige. v lāva, lāga, kāḍha. 4 R A channel to conduct water (through a plantation or garden). 5 The row or number of plants watered by one portion of the channel. 6 f C A large fishing net. māga kāḍhaṇēṃ or lāvaṇēṃ g. of o. To track, trace, follow out, bring to light.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maga (मग).—ad Then, afterwards. By and by.

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māga (माग).—m A loom. Trace. māga kāḍhaṇēṃ-lāvaṇēṃ Track, trace. f A large fishing net.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maga (मग).—

1) A magian.

2) A priest of the sun; B. P.

Derivable forms: magaḥ (मगः).

See also (synonyms): magu.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Adhim Pithoba Maga Vithoba
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