Kshiravriksha, Kshira-vriksha, Kṣīravṛkṣa: 16 definitions


Kshiravriksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣīravṛkṣa can be transliterated into English as Ksiravrksa or Kshiravriksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kshiravriksha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (e.g. Kṣīravṛkṣa) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kshiravriksha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष) refers to the “peepal tree” according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—The food-utensils that are made of Kṣīravṛkṣa-patra (peepal tree leaf) have the following dietetic effects: tṛṣṇā dāhāsrapittanut (removes thirst, burning sensation and bleeding disorders).

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष) refers to “latex yeilding trees”, and is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of snake-bites such as those caused by the Asṛṅmaṇḍalī-snakes, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Accordingly, one of the treatments is mentioned as follows: “[...] Lepa or ointment made from the roots of Punarnāvā, Ambaṣṭhā, Musalā and Kimśuka mixed with cowdung must be applied. Milk of latex yeilding trees (kṣīravṛkṣa) boiled with white grains (rice) must be given after it cools down. Cool drinks arrest the poison of Asṛṅmaṇḍalī snakes”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kshiravriksha in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष) refers to “milk-tree wood”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.9-15ab]—“[...] Even for someone gone to Yama’s abode [i.e., someone who has died], great peace arises quickly. Mṛtyujit is sure to destroy death when pleased with an oblation of fragrant ghee put into a fire fueled by milk-tree wood (kṣīravṛkṣakṣīravṛkṣamaye'nale)”.

Note: The mṛtyuvañcana rite begins with a preparatory fire oblation. It consists of standard ritual offerings such as honey, milk, and ghee. The fire is fueled by the wood of milk trees (kṣīravṛkṣa). Milk trees come in four types, Uḍumbara (Ficus glomerata), Aśvattha (Ficus religiosa), Nyagrodha (Ficus indica), and Madhūka (Bassia latifolia or Jonesia asoka). All have white sap. They are used in rites of pacification and prosperity.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Kshiravriksha in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kshiravriksha in India is the name of a plant defined with Ficus racemosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Covellia glomerata Miq. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum
· Numer. List (4549)
· Biotropica (2006)
· Plants of the Coast of Coromandel (1798)
· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1946)
· London Journal of Botany (1848)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kshiravriksha, for example chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshiravriksha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष).—m (S) A common term for the trees or shrubs which contain milky sap; as vaḍa, ruī, sābarī, cāmpā, umbara, śēra &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष).—m Trees having milk, sap.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshiravriksha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष).—

1) Name of the four trees न्यग्रोध, उदुम्बर, अश्वत्थ (nyagrodha, udumbara, aśvattha) and मधूक (madhūka).

2) the glomerous fig-tree.

Derivable forms: kṣīravṛkṣaḥ (क्षीरवृक्षः).

Kṣīravṛkṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣīra and vṛkṣa (वृक्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष).—m.

(-kṣaḥ) Glomerous fig tree, (Ficus glomerata;) also uḍumbara. E. kṣīra, milk. and bṛkṣa a tree, the leaves and bark yielding a white milky juice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष).—m. the glomerous fig-tree, Ficus glomerata, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 54, 23.

Kṣīravṛkṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣīra and vṛkṣa (वृक्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष).—[masculine] milktree (E of [several] kinds of [figuratively]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष):—[=kṣīra-vṛkṣa] [from kṣīra] m. = -taru, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] a common Name for the 4 trees nyagrodha, udumbara (the glomerous fig-tree, [Śakuntalā iv; Suśruta]) aśvattha, and madhūka, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] = -gucchaphala, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīravṛkṣa (क्षीरवृक्ष):—[kṣīra-vṛkṣa] (kṣaḥ) 1. m. Glomerous figtree (Ficus glomerata).

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshiravriksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshiravriksha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣīravṛkṣa (ಕ್ಷೀರವೃಕ್ಷ):—

1) [noun] the tree Ficus benghalensis ( = F. indica) of Moraceae family; banyan tree.

2) [noun] the tree Ficus racemosa ( = F. glomerata) of Moraceae family; fig tree.

3) [noun] the tree Ficus religiosa tree of Moraceae family; peepul tree.

4) [noun] the tree Madhuca indica ( = Bassia latifolia) of Sapotaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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