Kharika, Khārika, Kharikā: 14 definitions



Kharika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Kharikā (खरिका, “goad”) is that by which oxen are driven in chariots or fields. Others explain the term ‘Kharikā’ as meaning the hind quarters of the animal. (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.325)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Khārikā (खारिका) refers to a measurement unit, according to Kāśīnātha Upādhye’s Dharmasindhu, a commentary on the Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (an astrological work).—Accordingly, “[...] Then that vessel becomes the standard measure for the period of one ghaṭī. There the unit of one prastha contains sixteen palas. For it has been said: one pala is four suvarṇas; then kuḍava, prastha, āḍhaka, droṇa and khārikā, are respectively each four times the previous unit. In another text, it has been said that four fistfuls are one kuḍava, four kuḍavas are one prastha. Some others say that the time taken for uttering sixty long syllables is one pala, and that the duration of sixty palas is one nāḍikā. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Khārikā.—(IE 8-6), shortened form of khārikāvāpa or khārī- vāpa; also same as khārī. Note: khārikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kharika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

khārika : (adj.) alkaline.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Khārika, 2 (adj. of khārī) of the khārī measure, in vīsati° kosalako tilavāho A. V, 173=Sn. p. 126. (Page 236)

2) Khārika, 1 (adj. to khāra) alkaline, in enumeration of tastes (cp. rasa) at S III 87; Dhs. 629 and ≈. (Page 236)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khārīka (खारीक).—f The fruit of the date-tree plucked whilst immature and dried. 2 Wild date tree, Phœnix sylvestris.

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khārīka (खारीक).—m A class of people or an individual of it. They employ themselves in cultivating salt marshes or lands.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

khārīka (खारीक).—f A dried immature date. m A class of people cultivating salt marshes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kharikā (खरिका).—Powdered musk.

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Khārika (खारिक) or Khārīka (खारीक).—a. Equal to or sown with a khārī of grain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kharikā (खरिका).—f.

(-kā) Musk in powder. E. khara, kan added, fem form.

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Khārīka (खारीक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) A field, &c. equal to or sown with a K'hari of grain. E. khārī the measure, and ikan or ṭhañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kharikā (खरिका):—[from khara] f. powdered musk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Khārika (खारिक):—[from khāra] mfn. = rīka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) Khārikā (खारिका):—[from khārika > khāra] f. = khāra, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha v, 38.]

4) Khārīka (खारीक):—[from khāra] mfn. ([Pāṇini 5-1, 33], [vArttika] 1) sown with a Khāri of grain, [v, 1, 45; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

5) [v.s. ...] (ifc.), [v, 1, 33.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kharikā (खरिका):—(kā) 1. f. Musk in powder.

2) Khārīka (खारीक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] A field sown with a khāri of grain.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kharika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Khārīka (ಖಾರೀಕ):—

1) [noun] the palm tree Phoenix dactylifera of Arecaceae family, that has a stout trunk and large leaves; date palm.

2) [noun] its sweet, fleshy fruit having a large, hard seed.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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