Vividha: 15 definitions


Vividha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vavidh.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vividha (विविध) refers to “various kinds (of punishments)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “O sage, the penance was completed by Diti who performed it with faith. Thereafter from him she conceived and delivered of a son. That son of Diti named Vajrāṅga (of adamantine limbs) was on a par with the gods. Befitting his name, his body was strong and powerful even from his very birth. At the bidding of his mother, he immediately abducted Indra, the lord of gods, the other gods and punished them in various ways [i.e., daṇḍa-vividhadaṃḍaṃ vividhaṃ]. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vividha (विविध).—(Vivici, Vāyu-purāṇa): son of Adbhuta Agni, tutelary deity of expiatory penances (prāyaścitta): Father of Arka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 41; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 39.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vividha (विविध) refers to “many kinds” (e.g., one having many qualities), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “I salute Lord Bhairava, the treasury of many kinds of (divine) qualities [i.e., vividha-guṇanidhi], the one cause of (all that is) seen and unseen. In the beginning the pure Kramakula came forth from him and there all things dissolve away. All the endless creation, beginning from the cause up to the fire (that burns the worlds), depends on him. He who has authority over all forms and pure, is the greatest of teachers, is the subtle, venerable Kulālīśa”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vividha in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Vividha, 2 (for Sk. vivadha; vi+vah) carrying-yoke D. I, 101; S. I, 78 (as v. l. khāri-vividhaṃ, see khāri); J. III, 116 (parikkhāraṃ vividhaṃ ādāya, where v. l. reads khāriṃ vividhaṃ). (Page 638)

2) Vividha, 1 (adj.) (vi+vidha1) divers, manifold, mixed; full of, gay with (-°) D. II, 354; Pv. II, 49; Vv 359; Miln. 319; Mhvs 25, 30; SnA 136 (in explanation of vi°: “viharati= vividhaṃ hitaṃ harati”). (Page 638)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vividha (विविध).—a S Various, divers, sundry, of many kinds or sorts.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vividha (विविध).—a Various, diverse, sundry.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vividha (विविध).—mfn.

(-dhaḥ-dhā-dhaṃ) Various, multiform, of many sorts. E. vi, vidhi sort.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vividhā (विविधा).—adj. various, of many sorts, [Pañcatantra] 192, 22; manifold, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 46.

Vividhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and vidhā (विधा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vividha (विविध).—[adjective] of different kinds, various, manifold; [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vividha (विविध):—[=vi-vidha] [from vi] a See sub voce

2) [=vi-vidha] b mf(ā)n. of various sorts, manifold, divers, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] Ekāha, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] n. variety of action or gesture, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) Vīvidha (वीविध):—[=vī-vidha] vī-vadha, vī-vadhika, vī-vidha, vī-vṛta = vi-vadha etc., qq.vv.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vividha (विविध):—[vi-vidha] (dhaḥ-dhā-dhaṃ) a. Various.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vividha (विविध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Viviha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vividha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vividha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Vividha (विविध) [Also spelled vavidh]:—(a) different; diverse, various, miscellaneous; ~[] diversity, variety variation; —[prakāra kā] diverse, miscellaneous, manifold.

2) Vividhā (विविधा):—(nf) a miscellany.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vividha (ವಿವಿಧ):—

1) [adjective] several or many; various.

2) [adjective] varied; diversified; diverse.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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