Kayastha, Kāyastha, Kāyasthā, Kaya-stha: 10 definitions

Introduction

Kayastha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kāyasthā (कायस्था) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.

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context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kayastha in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Kāyastha (कायस्थ).—Soḍḍhala calls himself a Kāyastha and at the same time claims to he a Kṣatriya. Kāle says that Kāyastha is a nan of mixed origin, being the offspring of a Kṣatriya father and a Śūdrā mother. They formed the writer class. According to wilson, men of the Kāyastha tribe were usually employed by Hindu princes in the collection and record of their revenue and their character for extortion became proverbial.

Yājñavalkyasmṛti refers to Kāyastha and the Mitākṣarā on it says that a Kāyastha is a writer (lekhaka) and an accountant (gaṇaka). He is a favourite of kings and fradulent by nature.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times

Kāyastha is one of the ancient dynasties from India (Āndhradeśa or Andhra Pradesh), conquered and subjugated by Gaṇapatideva  (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) who let them rule their territory as an independent māṇḍalika.—The Kāyasthas were an important ruling family who held sway over a vast tract of land in Āndhra from Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi, They ruled from the capital city of Vellūr and Gaṇḍikoṭa in Cuddapeh district.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kāyastha.—(EI 24; ASLV; HD), a clerk; explained by some as ‘a registrar’ (EI 31); a scribe or writer in the king's revenue department according to some. See Yājñavalkyasmṛti, I. 322; Viṣṇu Dharma Sūtra, VII. 3; etc. Cf. Aśvaghāsa-kāyastha and Grāma-kāyastha (Rājataraṅgiṇī, V. 175; IHQ, Vol. IX, p. 12). See also Hist. Dharm., Vol. II, pp. 75-77. For derivation, cf. Bhār. Vid., Vol. X, pp. 280 ff. Note: kāyastha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāyastha (कायस्थ).—m (S) A caste or tribe or an individual of it. One of the two distinctions comprehended under parabhū, viz. kāyastha & pātāṇyā. Their employment is writing. Of the distinction kāyastha the origin is from a vaidēhaka father and a māhiṣyā mother, according to the vākya in the book jātivivēka, viz. vaidēhakāt māhiṣyāyām. (vaidēhaka is the offspring of a vaiśya male in congress with a Brahman female, and māhiṣyā is the daughter of a kṣatriya father and a vaiśya mother.) Of the distinction pātāṇyā the origin is from a kṣatriya male in commerce with his own wife on the second day of her menstruation. 2 Called also kāsta. An individual of a mixed tribe sprung from a Brahman in commerce with his wife on the second day of her menstruation. See the book jātivivēka. 3 The tribe, or an individual of it, commonly called kāyata q. v.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāyastha (कायस्थ).—

1) the Supreme Being.

2) the writer-caste (born from a kṣatriya father and a śūdra mother). कायस्थेनोदरस्थेन मातु- र्मांसं न भक्षितम् । दयावृत्तिर्न चैवात्र दन्ताभावो हि कारणम् (kāyasthenodarasthena mātu- rmāṃsaṃ na bhakṣitam | dayāvṛttirna caivātra dantābhāvo hi kāraṇam) || Subhāṣ.

3) a man of that caste; कायस्थ इति लध्वी मात्रा (kāyastha iti ladhvī mātrā) Mu.1; Y.1.336; Mk.9. (-sthā) 1 a woman of that caste.

2) the Myrobalan tree (Mar. hiraḍā).

-sthī the wife of a कायस्थ (kāyastha).

Derivable forms: kāyasthaḥ (कायस्थः).

Kāyastha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāya and stha (स्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kayasthā (कयस्था).—f.

(-sthā) A medicinal plant, commonly Kakoli; also kāyasthā, or more accurately, perhaps, vayasthā.

--- OR ---

Kāyastha (कायस्थ).—m.

(-sthaḥ) 1. The Supreme Being. 2. A caste or tribe, or man of that tribe; the Kayet'h or writer caste, proceeding from a Kshet- triya father and Sudra mother. f.

(-sthā) 1. Yellow myrobalan: see harītakī. 2. Emblic myrobalan. 3. A drug, commonly Kakoli. 4. A woman of the Kayet'h caste. f. (-sthī) The wife of a Kayet'h or scribe. E. kāya the body or house. and stha who stays, or resides.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kāyastha (कायस्थ).—[kāya-stha] (vb. sthā), m. A mixed tribe or caste, the writer caste; a writer, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 174; 264; 438.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kayasthā (कयस्था):—f. a medicinal plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) ([varia lectio] for vayaḥsthā.)

3) Kāyastha (कायस्थ):—[=kāya-stha] [from kāya] m. ‘dwelling in the body’, the Supreme Spirit, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a particular caste or man of that caste, the Kāyath or writer caste (born from a Kṣatriya father and Śūdra mother), [Yājñavalkya; Mṛcchakaṭikā] etc.

5) Kāyasthā (कायस्था):—[=kāya-sthā] [from kāya-stha > kāya] f. a woman of that caste, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Myrobalanus Chebula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Emblica officinalis, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) [v.s. ...] Ocimum sanctum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a drug (commonly Kākolī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] cardamoms, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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