Karaniya, Karaṇīya: 7 definitions


Karaniya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Karaniya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

karaṇīya : (adj.) ought to be done. (nt.), duty; obligation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Karaṇīya, (grd. of karoti) 1. adj. (a) that ought to be, must or should be done, to be done, to be made (=kātabbaṃ karaṇârahaṃ KhA 236) Vin. I, 58; D. I, 3, cp. Miln. 183; A. V, 210; DA. I, 7. Often —° in the sense of “doing, making, ” as yathā kāma° S. II, 226; cp. IV. 91, 159; “having business” bahu° D. II, 76; A. III, 116; S. II, 215; anukampa° PvA. 61: — (b) done, in the sense of undoing, i.e. overcome, undone D. II, 76 cp. Dial. II. 81 n.—2. (m.) one who has still something left to perform (for the attainment of Arahantship, a sekha J. III, 23.—3. (nt.) (a) what ought to be done, duty, obligation; affairs, business D. I, 85; II, 68, 74 cp. A. IV, 16; M. I, 271; S. III, 168; IV, 281 cp. Vin. III, 12; Vin. I, 139; A. I, 58; Sn. 143; Sn. p. 32 (yan te karanīyaṃ taṃ karohi “do what you have to do”);— °ṃ tīreti to conclude a business Vin. II. 158; J. V, 298. Kataṃ °ṃ done is what was to be done, I have done my task, in frequent formula “khīṇā jāti vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ ... ” to mark the attainment of Arahantship D. I, 84; II, 68=153; Th. 2, 223; Vin. I, 14; Sn. p. 16; DA. I, 226, etc. See Arahant II. C. ‹-› There are 3 duties each of a samaṇa, farmer and householder enumerated at A. I, 229; 3 of a bhikkhu A. I, 230;— (b) use, need (with Instr.): appamādena k° S. IV, 125; cetanāya k° A. V, 2, 312; cp. Miln. 5, 78. akaraṇīya 1. (adj.) (a) what ought not to be done, prohibited A. I, 58; III, 208=DA. I, 235.—(b) incapable of being done (c. Gen.) It. 18.—(c) improper, not befitting (c. Gen.) Vin. I, 45=216=III, 20; PvA. 64.—(d) not to be “done, ” i.e. not to be overcome or defeated D. II, 76; A. IV, 113;— (e) having nothing to do Vin. I, 154. ‹-› 2. (nt.) a forbidden matter, prohibition Vin. II, 278 ‹-› sa° 1. having business, busy Vin. I, 155;— 2. one who has still something to do (in sense of above 2) D. II, 143; Th. 1, 1045; DA. I, 9. (Page 196)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karaṇīya (करणीय).—a S (Proper or fit) to be done.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Karaṇīya (करणीय).—(nt.; = Pali id.; rare in Sanskrit, but compare [Boehtlingk] 2.297), affair, business, duty (thing to be done, fundamentally gdve.): deva-karaṇīyeṣu Mahāvastu i.32.12 (gods occupied) in affairs, matters of business, of the gods; see sa-karaṇīya; probably here also cakṣu-karaṇīyā Mahāvastu iii.331.8, 10, 15, jñāna- kar° 11 (of the madhyamā pratipadā), having insight (knowledge) as its business, i.e. cause of insight (knowledge); in Pali parallels cakkhu-karaṇī, ñāna-karaṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karaṇīya (करणीय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) To be done or made. E. kṛ to do, anīyar aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karaṇīya (करणीय).—[adjective] to be done or caused; [neuter] affair, matter, business.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karaṇīya (करणीय):—[from kara] mfn. to be done or made or effected etc., [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] n. an affair, business, matter, [Raghuvaṃśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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