Vishkira, Viṣkira: 4 definitions

Introduction

Vishkira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viṣkira can be transliterated into English as Viskira or Vishkira, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Viṣkira (विष्किर) is the Sanskrit name for a group of animals, referring to “birds who eat while scattering the grains”, the meat of which is used as a medicinal substance. Viṣkira is a sub-group of Māṃsavarga (“group of meat”). It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda. They were originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXVII.

Animals in Viṣkira can be further classified in 2 sub-groups:

  1. Lāvādi (starting with the Lāva, or ‘common quail’),
  2. Vartakādi (starting with the Vartaka, or ‘male bustard’).
Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Birds such as the

  • Lāva,
  • Tittiri,
  • Kapinjala,
  • Vartira,
  • Vartikā,
  • Vartaka,
  • Naptrikā,
  • Vātika,
  • Chakora,
  • Kalavinka,
  • Mayura,
  • Krakara,
  • Upachakra,
  • Kukkuta,
  • Sāranga,
  • Shata-Patraka,
  • Kutittiri,
  • Kuruvāhuka
  • and Yavalaka

belong to the Vishkira species. [They are so called from the fact of their picking up their food after scattering it first with their bills and claws (Skr. kira, to scatter)].

The flesh of a bird of this group is light, cooling, sweet and astringent in taste and tends to pacify the deranged humours of the body.

The Viṣkira is a sub-group of the Jāṅghala group (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of vishkira or viskira in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṣkira (विष्किर).—

1) Scattering about, tearing up.

2) A cock.

3) A bird, gallinaceous bird; छायापस्किरमाणविष्किरमुखव्या- कृष्टकीटत्वचः (chāyāpaskiramāṇaviṣkiramukhavyā- kṛṣṭakīṭatvacaḥ) U.2.9.

Derivable forms: viṣkiraḥ (विष्किरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣkira (विष्किर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A bird in general. 2. Pulling or tearing to pieces. 3. A cock. E. vi before kṝ to scatter, and ka aff., with suṭ aug.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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