Kalapa, Kalāpa, Kālāpa: 23 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kalapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kalāpa (कलाप).—A powerful sage of great majesty. Yudhiṣṭhira worshipped this sage at the end of the Rājasūyayajña. (Chapter 85, Sabhā Parva).

2) Kālāpa (कालाप).—A great sage, who was a member of Yudhiṣṭhira’s assembly. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kalāpa (कलाप).—A deva-gandharva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 38.

1b) A forest where Ikṣvāku was addressed by Pitṛs.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 16. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kalāpa (कलाप) refers to a “girdle of twenty-five strings” and is a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the hips (śroṇī) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., kalāpa) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kalāpa (कलाप).—(कलाप-व्याकरण (kalāpa-vyākaraṇa)) alternative name given to the treatise on grammar written by Sarvavarman who is believed to have lived in the days of the Sātavāhana kings. The treatise is popularly known by the namc Kātantra Vyākaraṇa. The available treatise,viz. Kalpasūtras, is much similar to the Kātantra Sūtras having a few changes and additions only here and there.It is rather risky to say that Kalāpa was an ancient system of grammar which is referred to in the Pāṇini Sūtra कलापिनोण् (kalāpinoṇ) P. IV.3.108. For details see कातन्त्र (kātantra).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Kalāpa (कलाप) refers to a “sash” and represents a type of “ornaments for the loins” (śroṇī), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Bharata (cf. Nāṭyaśāstra 23.35-37) mentions the ornaments for the loins (śroṇī) [viz. kalāpa (sash) with twenty-five strings of pearls].

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'group', 'unit':

  • 1. 'corporeal unit' (s. rūpa-kalāpa);

  • 2. It has the meaning of 'group of existence' (khandha) in kalāpasammasana (s. sammasana), i.e. 'comprehension by groups', which is the application of 'methodical (or inductive) insight' (naya-vipassanā) to the comprehension of the 5 aggregates (khandha) as impermanent, painful and not-self. It is a process of methodical summarization, or generalization, from one's own meditative experience that is applied to each of the 5 aggregates, viewed as past, present, future, as internal and external, etc. In Vis.M. XX, where the 'comprehension by groups' is treated in detail, it is said to constitute 'the beginning of insight' as it leads to the 'knowledge of rise and fall', being the first of the 8 insightknowledges (s. visuddhi VI). It is necessary for accomplishing the 5th purification (s. visuddhi V; Vis.M. XX, 2, 6ff.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana

Kālapa is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the handsome madman”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (e.g., Kālapa) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Kālapa (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kalāpa : (m.) 1. a bundle; sheaf; 2. a quiver; 3. a group of elementary particles.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kalāpa, (cp. Sk. kalāpa) 1. anything that comprises a number of things of the same kind; a bundle, bunch; sheaf; a row, multitude; usually of grass, bamboo- or sugar-canes, sometimes of hair and feathers S. IV, 290 (tiṇa°); J. I, 158 (do.); 25 (naḷa°), 51 (mālā°), 100 (uppalakumuda°); V, 39 (usīra°); Miln. 33; PvA. 257, 260 (ucchu°), 272 (veḷu°); 46 (kesā), 142 (mora-piñja°) — 2. a quiver Vin. II, 192; It. 68; J. VI, 236; Miln. 418; PvA. 154, 169.—3. in philosophy: a group of qualities, pertaining to the material body (cp. rūpa°) Vism. 364 (dasadhamma°) 626 (phassa-pañcamakā dhammā); Bdhd 77 (rūpa°) 78, 120.

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalapa (कलप) [or फ, pha].—m Starch. 2 A composition used to blacken the hair. 3 (kalpa S) Doubting, doubt: a scruple, a misgiving respecting.

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kalāpa (कलाप).—m S An assemblage. In comp. as kēśa- kalāpa, kriyākalāpa, mudrākalāpa, pallavakalāpa, tantukalāpa, kāraṇakalāpa.

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kaḷapa (कळप).—m (kalāpa S) A herd or a flock.

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kaḷapā (कळपा).—m sometimes kaḷapaṇēṃ n A peeling off, a scab, a crust, a decortication. 2 A scale, crust, or fragment falling off (from rusty iron); a chip off a stone &c.: also a small piece of stone, wood &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kalapa (कलप) [-pha, -फ].—m Starch. A composition used to blacken the hair.

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kalāpa (कलाप).—m An assemblage. A bunch.

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kaḷapa (कळप).—m A flock, a herd. A term for a rude, coarse, untutored person.

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kaḷapā (कळपा).—m A crust; a peeling off.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalāpa (कलाप).—1 A band, bundle; समित्कलापमादाय प्रविवेश स्वमाश्रमम् (samitkalāpamādāya praviveśa svamāśramam) Mb.3.137.1. मुक्ताकलापस्य च निस्तलस्य (muktākalāpasya ca nistalasya) Ku.1. 42 a round necklace of pearls; रशनाकलापः (raśanākalāpaḥ) a zone of several strings.

2) A group or whole collection of things; अखिलकलाकलापालोचन (akhilakalākalāpālocana) K.7.

3) A peacock's tail; तं मे जातकलापं प्रेषय मणिकण्ठकं शिखिनम् (taṃ me jātakalāpaṃ preṣaya maṇikaṇṭhakaṃ śikhinam) V.5.13; Pt.2.8. Ṛs.1.16,2.14.

4) A woman's zone or girdle; (oft. with kāñcī or raśanā &c.) जघनमरुणरत्नग्रन्थिकाञ्चीकलापं कुवलय- नयनाना को विहातुं समर्थः (jaghanamaruṇaratnagranthikāñcīkalāpaṃ kuvalaya- nayanānā ko vihātuṃ samarthaḥ) Bh.1.11. श्रोणीतटं सुविपुलं रशना- कलापैः (śroṇītaṭaṃ suvipulaṃ raśanā- kalāpaiḥ) Ṛs.3.2; Mk.1.27.

5) An ornament in general; Mb.8.19.29. 'कलापः संहते बर्हे तूणीरे भूषणे हरे (kalāpaḥ saṃhate barhe tūṇīre bhūṣaṇe hare)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ)

6) The rope round an elephant's neck.

7) A quiver.

8) An arrow.

9) The moon.

1) A shrewed and intelligent man.

11) A poem written in one metre.

12) A tuft (jaṭā°) or knot of braided hair.

-pī A bundle of grass.

Derivable forms: kalāpaḥ (कलापः).

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Kālāpa (कालाप).—

1) The hair of the head.

2) A serpent's hood.

3) A demon, an imp, a goblin.

4) A student of the Kalāpa grammar. कलापिना प्रोक्तमधीयते इति अण् (kalāpinā proktamadhīyate iti aṇ) P.IV.3.18.

5) One who knows this grammar.

Derivable forms: kālāpaḥ (कालापः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kalāpa (कलाप).—m., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7780 = Tibetan cha tshogs (same as kaṣaca or kaṣava, q.v.; compare kajāva).

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Kālāpa (कालाप).—var. for Kālāma, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalāpa (कलाप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. An ornament in general. 2. A zone, a string of bells worn by woman round the waist. 3. A peacock’s tail. 4. Assemblage, multitude. 5. A quiver. 6. The moon. 7. A clever and intelligent man. 8. The name of a grammar of the Sanskrit language, ascribed to the god Kartikeya. 9. A village where the destroyer Kalki is to be born. 10. A poem written in one metre. E. alā an art, a division of time, &c. āp to obtain, and aṇ aff.

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Kālāpa (कालाप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. A serpent’s hood. 2. A demon, an imp or goblin. 3. A student of the Kalapa grammar. E. kalāpa, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalāpa (कलाप).—[kalā-pa] (vb. 2. ), m. 1. A bundle, Mahābhārata 3, 10772. 2. A string, [Kumārasaṃbhava, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 43 (of pearls). 3. A band (of belts, laces, etc., worn by women round the waist). [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 3, 20; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 56. 4. Totality, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 4, 21; perfection, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 23. 5. A quiver, Mahābhārata 3, 11454. 6. A peacock’s tail, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 85.

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Kālāpa (कालाप).—i. e. 1. kalāpa + a, m. Hair, Śāntiś. 1, 27. 2. kalāpin + a, m. A proper name, Mahābhārata 2, 113.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalāpa (कलाप).—[masculine] band, bundle, quiver (also [neuter]); a peacock’s tail, ornament i.g; totality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Kalāpa (कलाप) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—grammar. See Kātantra.

2) Kalāpa (कलाप):—grammar. See Kātantrasūtra.

Kalāpa has the following synonyms: Kātantra.

3) Kālāpā (कालापा):—kālāpāḥ See Kātantra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalāpa (कलाप):—[from kalā] a m. (kalāpa, [from] √āp) ‘that which holds single parts together’, a bundle, band (cf. jaṭā-k, muktā-k, raśanā-k), [Mahābhārata; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

2) [=kalā-pa] [from kalāpa > kalā] a bundle of arrows, a quiver with arrows, quiver, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (once n., [Mahābhārata iii, 11454])

4) [v.s. ...] a peacock’s tail, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] an ornament in general, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

6) [v.s. ...] a zone, a string of bells (worn by women round the waist), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] the rope round an elephant’s neck, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] totality, whole body or collection of a number of separate things ([especially] ifc.; cf. kriyā-k, etc.)

9) [v.s. ...] the moon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a clever and intelligent man, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a grammar also called Kātantra (supposed to be revealed by Kārttikeya to Śarvavarman)

12) [v.s. ...] Name of a village (cf. kalāpa-grāma), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] a poem written in one metre, [Horace H. Wilson]

14) b etc. See kalā.

15) Kālāpa (कालाप):—m. ([from] kalāpa), a serpent’s hood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) a demon, imp or goblin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) a student of the Kalāpa grammar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) ([from] kalāpin) a pupil of Kalāpin, [Pāṇini; Mahābhārata ii, 113]

19) Name of Ārāḍa (a teacher of Śākya-muni), [Buddhist literature] ([varia lectio] kālāma)

20) m. [plural] the school of Kalāpin (often named together with the Kaṭhas q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalāpa (कलाप):—[kalā+pa] (paḥ) 1. m. An ornament; a string of bells; peacock’s tail; a quiver; a multitude; the moon.

2) Kālāpa (कालाप):—(paḥ) 1. m. A serpent’s hood; a demon, a goblin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kalāpa (कलाप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kalāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kalapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kalāpa (ಕಲಾಪ):—[noun] a violent movement within a group of a people or against the government, management, etc.; an upheaval; commotion.

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Kalāpa (ಕಲಾಪ):—

1) [noun] a group of people, animals or things; a multitude; a bundle.

2) [noun] a peaock’s tail feather.

3) [noun] a case for arrows; a quiver.

4) [noun] an ornamental metal belt worn around the waist by a woman; a sash.

5) [noun] (in gen.) any ornament.

6) [noun] the moon.

7) [noun] name of a town or village in which Viṣṇu is believed to be incarnating at the end of the current era.

8) [noun] a slender, straight missile with a pointed end shot from a bow; an arrow.

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Kalāpa (ಕಲಾಪ):—

1) [noun] a thing, matter to be dealt with at a meating, usu. listed in an agenda.

2) [noun] (a list of) programme of things to be done (in a meating); an agenda.

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Kaḷāpa (ಕಳಾಪ):—

1) [noun] a group of people, animals or things; a multitude; a bundle.

2) [noun] a peaock’s tail feather.

3) [noun] a case for arrows; a quiver.

4) [noun] an ornamental metal belt worn around the waist by a woman; a sash.

5) [noun] (in gen.) any ornament.

6) [noun] the moon.

7) [noun] name of atown or village in which Viṣṇu is believed to be incarnating at the end of the current era.

8) [noun] a slender, straight missile with a pointed end shot from a bow; an arrow.

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Kaḷāpa (ಕಳಾಪ):—

1) [noun] a thing, matter to be dealt with at a meating, usu. listed in an agenda; one of the items listed to be done.

2) [noun] (a list of) programme of things to be done (in a meeting); an agenda.

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Kālāpa (ಕಾಲಾಪ):—[noun] a particular manner of singing using all the seven notes of a mode.

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Kālāpa (ಕಾಲಾಪ):—

1) [noun] the hair on the head.

2) [noun] the hood of a serpent.

3) [noun] a demon; a goblin; an imp.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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