Manahparyaya, Manas-paryaya, Manaḥparyaya, Manaḥparyāya: 10 definitions


Manahparyaya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Manahparyaya in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Manaḥparyaya (मनःपर्यय) or Manaḥparayajñāna refers to the “power to read other persons’ thoughts” (i.e., a type of knowledge enabling one to know the mental processes of others) and represents one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Manaḥparyaya-jñāna is twofold: Ṛju and Vipula. The distinction between them may be understood to lie in purity and not being lost”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Manaḥparyaya (मनःपर्यय, “telepathy”) refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna) , according to Tattvārthasūtra 1.9.—What is meant by knowledge of mental-modes (manaḥparyaya)? The crisp/ clear knowledge acquired of the concrete objects of thoughts of other persons without the assistance of mind and sensory organs is called telepathy.

How many kinds of telepathy (manaḥparyaya) are there and what are their names? There are two types of telepathy namely: 1) simple or straight telepathy (rajumati) and 2) Complex / curved (vipulamati). The differences between the two are due to purity (viśuddhi) and infallibility (apratipāta).

What are the spatial and temporal limits of telepathy (manas-paryaya)? Concerning time, it can know from two to three destinies to innumerable destinies /states. From space viewpoint, it can know up to the limits of the space where the human beings exist.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Manaḥparyaya (मनःपर्यय, “telepathy”) refers to “telepathy/ mental modes reading” one of the eighteen types of extraordinary intellect (buddhi), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary telepathy (manaḥparyaya-riddhi)? The objects of thoughts of other’s mind are cognized by telepathy directly (without the assistance of sense organs). It is of two types namely simple (ṛjumati) and all (vipula).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Manaḥparyaya (मनःपर्यय, “telepathy ”) refers to one of the five divisions of Jñānāvaraṇa, or “knowledge obscuring (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.— is meant by telepathy knowledge obscuring karma (mahaḥparyaya-āvaraṇa)? The karma which obstructs the full manifestation of the telepathy knowledge is called telepathy knowledge obscuring karma. Manaḥparyaya is also known as Manaḥparyayajñānāvaraṇa or Manaḥparyayajñānāvaraṇīya.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Manaḥparyāya (मनःपर्याय) in Sanskrit (Maṇapajjava in Prakrit) refers to “telepathy” and represents one of the five types of knowledge, as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—The heart of the Nandī-sūtra deals with the concept of cognition or knowledge in its various divisions and subdivisions. This is also an appropriate topic for a text that transcends all categories in the Śvetāmbara canon, for it can be regarded as a prerequisite to the scriptures. First comes the list of the five types of knowledge [viz., manaḥparyāya, “telepathy”], known from other sources as well, such as the Tattvārtha-sūtra I. 9-33.

Telepathy (manaḥparyāya) is acquired only by human beings born in the lands of the Jain universe where karma prevails – the karma-bhūmis. This means humans born in the Lands of Enjoyment – bhoga-bhūmi – where the notion of spiritual progress is irrelevant, cannot achieve it. This knowledge implies the possession of right faith – samyag-darśana – and a life of self-control, such as the one led by Jain ascetics. This type of knowledge is divided into various sub-categories depending on what it enables the individual to grasp, such as matter, space or time.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manahparyaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manaḥparyāya (मनःपर्याय).—(with Jainas) Name of the last but one stage in the perception of truth.

Derivable forms: manaḥparyāyaḥ (मनःपर्यायः).

Manaḥparyāya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms manas and paryāya (पर्याय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manaḥparyāya (मनःपर्याय):—[=manaḥ-paryāya] [from manaḥ > man] m. (with Jainas) ‘the state of mental perception which precedes the attainment of perfect knowledge’ Name of the last stage but one in the perception of truth, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

[Sanskrit to German]

Manahparyaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manahparyaya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Manaḥparyaya (ಮನಃಪರ್ಯಯ):—[noun] (jain.) the power of reading another’s mind, understanding another’s thought, feelings, intention, etc. without being expressly conveyed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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