Jnapaka, aka: Jñāpaka; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jnapaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Jnapaka in Vyakarana glossaries]

Jñāpaka (ज्ञापक).—Lit.indirect or implicit revealer; a word very commonly used in the sense of an indicatory statement. The Sutras, especially those of Pinini, are very laconic and it is believed that not a single word in the Sutras is devoid of purpose. If it is claimed that a particular word is without any purpose, the object of it being achieved in some other way, the commentators always try to assign some purpose or the other for the use of the word in the Sutra. Such a word or words or sometimes even the whole Sutra is called ज्ञापक (jñāpaka) or indicator of a particular thing. The Paribhasas or rules of interpretation are mostly derived by indication(ज्ञापकसिद्ध (jñāpakasiddha)) from a word or words in a Sutra which apparently appear to be व्यर्थ (vyartha) or without purpose, and which are shown as सार्थक (sārthaka) after the particular indication (ज्ञापन (jñāpana)) is drawn from them. The ज्ञापक (jñāpaka) is shown to be constituted of four parts, वैयर्थ्य, ज्ञापन, स्वस्मिञ्चारितार्थ्य (vaiyarthya, jñāpana, svasmiñcāritārthya) and अन्यत्रफल (anyatraphala). For the instances of Jñāpakas, see Paribhāșenduśekhara. Purușottamadeva in his Jñāpakasamuccaya has drawn numerous conclusions of the type of ज्ञापन (jñāpana) from the wording of Pāņini Sūtras. The word ज्ञापक (jñāpaka) and ज्ञापन (jñāpana) are used many times as synonyms although ज्ञापन (jñāpana) sometimes refers to the conclusions drawn from a wording which is ज्ञापक (jñāpaka) or indicator. For instances of ज्ञापक (jñāpaka), cf.M.Bh. on Māheśvara Sūtras 1, 3, 5, P. Ι.1. 3, 11, 18, 23, 51 etc. The word ऊठ् (ūṭh) in the rule वाह ऊठ् (vāha ūṭh) is a well known ज्ञापक (jñāpaka) of the अन्तरङ्गपरिभाषा (antaraṅgaparibhāṣā). The earliest use of the word ज्ञापक (jñāpaka) in the sense given above, is found in the Paribhāșāsūcana of Vyādi. The Paribhāșā works on other systems of grammar such as the Kātantra; the Jainendra and others have drawn similar Jñāpakas from the wording of the Sūtras in their systems. Sometimes a Jñāpaka is not regularly constituted of the four parts given above;it is a mere indicator and is called बोधक (bodhaka) instead of ज्ञापक्र (jñāpakra).

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Jnapaka in Marathi glossaries]

jñāpaka (ज्ञापक).—a S That makes known; that communicates, intimates, indicates, teachers.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jñāpaka (ज्ञापक).—a That makes known.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Jnapaka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Jñāpaka (ज्ञापक).—a. [jñā-ṇic lyu] Making known, teaching, informing, indicating &c.

-kaḥ 1 A teacher.

2) A commander, a master.

3) A master of requests, an officer of the court of an Indian prince; Pt.3.

-kam (In phil.) A significant expression, a suggestive rule or precept, said of such rules as imply something more than what is actually expressed by the words of those rules themselves.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 6 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jnapana
Jñāpana (ज्ञापन).—[jñā ṇic-lyuṭ] Making known, informing, teaching, announcing, indicating; क्ष...
Jnapita
Jñapita (ज्ञपित).—a. Made known, informed, expounded, taught.See also (synonyms): jñapta.--- OR...
Jnapya
Jñāpya (ज्ञाप्य).—A conclusion or formula to be drawn from a Jñāpaka word or words; cf. the usu...
Jnapakasiddha
Jñāpakasiddha (ज्ञापकसिद्ध).—Realized from the ज्ञापक (jñāpaka) wording; the conclusion drawn f...
Yogapeksha
Yogāpekṣa (योगापेक्ष).—Concerning only that particular rule to which it refers. The word is man...
Jnapakasadhya
Jñāpakasādhya (ज्ञापकसाध्य).—Realizable, or possible to be drawn, from a wording in the Sūtra o...

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