Matijnana, Matijñāna, Mati-jnana: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Matijnana means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Matijñāna (मतिज्ञान) or simply Mati refers to one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Matijñāna is said to be divided into avagraha, etc., and these again into bahu, etc., and originates by means of the senses, and by means of the mind”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Matijñāna (मतिज्ञान) refers to “sensory knowledge” and represents one of the five divisions of Jñānāvaraṇa, or “knowledge obscuring (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by sensory knowledge obscuring karma (mati-jñāna-āvaraṇa)? The karma which obstructs the full manifestation of the sensory knowledge is called sensory knowledge obscuring karma. Matijñāna is also known as Matijñānāvaraṇīya or Matijñānāvaraṇa.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Matijñāna (मतिज्ञान) or Abhinibodhikajñāna in Sanskrit (Abhiṇibohiyanāṇa in Prakrit) is another name for Mati, which refers to “perception or insight” and represents one of the five types of knowledge, as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—The heart of the Nandī-sūtra deals with the concept of cognition or knowledge in its various divisions and subdivisions. This is also an appropriate topic for a text that transcends all categories in the Śvetāmbara canon, for it can be regarded as a prerequisite to the scriptures. First comes the list of the five types of knowledge [viz., matijñāna, “perception or insight”], known from other sources as well, such as the Tattvārtha-sūtra I. 9-33

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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