Shrutajnana, Śrutajñāna, Shruta-jnana: 6 definitions


Shrutajnana means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrutajñāna can be transliterated into English as Srutajnana or Shrutajnana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shrutajnana in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śrutajñāna (श्रुतज्ञान) or simply Śruta refers to one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Śrutajñāna, several fold, must be known as characterized by the word syād, made many fold by the Pūrvas, Aṅgas, Upāṅgas and Prakīrṇakas”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Śrutajñāna (श्रुतज्ञान) refers to “scriptural knowledge” and represents one of the five divisions of Jñānāvaraṇa, or “knowledge obscuring (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by scriptural knowledge obscuring karma (śruta-jñāna-āvaraṇa)? The karma which obstructs the full manifestation of the sensory knowledge is called sensory knowledge obscuring karma. Śrutajñāna is also known as Śrutajñānāvaraṇa or Śrutajñānāvaraṇīya.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Śrutajñāna (श्रुतज्ञान) in Sanskrit (Suyanāṇa in Prakrit) is another name for Śruta, which refers to “scriptural knowledge” (or, more broadly, knowledge from what is heard) and represents one of the five types of knowledge, as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—The heart of the Nandī-sūtra deals with the concept of cognition or knowledge in its various divisions and subdivisions. This is also an appropriate topic for a text that transcends all categories in the Śvetāmbara canon, for it can be regarded as a prerequisite to the scriptures. First comes the list of the five types of knowledge [viz., śrutajñāna, “scriptural knowledge”], known from other sources as well, such as the Tattvārtha-sūtra I. 9-33

The Sanskrit term śruta-jñāna is first understood in the broadest meaning of knowledge of something that is heard. Hence the first division is between non-language and language sounds. The former refers to musical instruments, the latter to words articulated by a human voice. The human voice has always been important in transmitting the principles of Jainism. A Jina emits the divine sound containing his message, which his disciples shape into the Jain teachings. These were passed on orally for centuries before being written down as the scriptures. Listening to and understanding a teacher reading from or reciting passages from the scriptures is still an important part of being a Jain, whether mendicant or lay.

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ

Śrutajñāna (श्रुतज्ञान) in Sanskrit refers to the “second mode of knowledge” (i.e., knowing which is based on the interpretation of signs, the understanding of words, writings, gestures, etc.), and represents a Jaina technical term mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(Glasenapp 1915 p. 178).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Śrutajñāna (श्रुतज्ञान) refers to “knowledge of the Jain scriptures”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Speech which is based on truth, freed from all [worldly] concern [and] supported by knowledge of the [Jain] scriptures [com.śrutajñāna-sthāpita—‘founded on knowledge of the Jain scriptures’], is to be considered to produce good influx of karma. Speech that is untrue [and] harsh, that is the abode of censure [and] gives instruction about the wrong path, is to be considered to produce bad influx of karma”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shrutajnana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śrutajñāna (ಶ್ರುತಜ್ಞಾನ):—

1) [noun] (jain.) knowledge acquired by reading scriptures and hearing from holy men.

2) [noun] (jain.) a kind of spiritual ignorance or illusion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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