Shrutajnana, Śrutajñāna, Shruta-jnana: 2 definitions

Introduction

Shrutajnana means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śrutajñāna can be transliterated into English as Srutajnana or Shrutajnana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Śrutajñāna (श्रुतज्ञान) refers to “scriptural knowledge” and represents one of the five divisions of Jñānāvaraṇa, or “knowledge obscuring (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by scriptural knowledge obscuring karma (śruta-jñāna-āvaraṇa)? The karma which obstructs the full manifestation of the sensory knowledge is called sensory knowledge obscuring karma. Śrutajñāna is also known as Śrutajñānāvaraṇa or Śrutajñānāvaraṇīya.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Śrutajñāna (श्रुतज्ञान) in Sanskrit (Suyanāṇa in Prakrit) is another name for Śruta, which refers to “scriptural knowledge” (or, more broadly, knowledge from what is heard) and represents one of the five types of knowledge, as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—The heart of the Nandī-sūtra deals with the concept of cognition or knowledge in its various divisions and subdivisions. This is also an appropriate topic for a text that transcends all categories in the Śvetāmbara canon, for it can be regarded as a prerequisite to the scriptures. First comes the list of the five types of knowledge [viz., śrutajñāna, “scriptural knowledge”], known from other sources as well, such as the Tattvārtha-sūtra I. 9-33

The Sanskrit term śruta-jñāna is first understood in the broadest meaning of knowledge of something that is heard. Hence the first division is between non-language and language sounds. The former refers to musical instruments, the latter to words articulated by a human voice. The human voice has always been important in transmitting the principles of Jainism. A Jina emits the divine sound containing his message, which his disciples shape into the Jain teachings. These were passed on orally for centuries before being written down as the scriptures. Listening to and understanding a teacher reading from or reciting passages from the scriptures is still an important part of being a Jain, whether mendicant or lay.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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