Kakandi, Kākandī, Kākāṇḍī, Kakamdi: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Kakandi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kākāṇḍī (काकाण्डी) is another name for Tejovatī, a medicinal plant similar to Jyotiṣmatī Celastrus paniculatus (black oil plant or intellect tree) from the Celastraceae or “staff vine” or “bittersweet family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.82 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The Raj Nighantu reads Jyotiṣmatī and Tejovatī together while Bāpālāl identifies Tejovatī with Zanthoxylum budrunga (cape yellowwood or Indian ivy-rue) from the Rutaceae or “rue” or “citrus” family. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Kākāṇḍī and Tejovatī, there are a total of thirty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kākandī (काकन्दी) is the name of an ancient city situated in the southern half of Bharata, according to chapter 3.7 [suvidhinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “Now, in the southern half of Bharata in this Jambūdvīpa there is a very important city Kākandī distinguished by its wealth. The pearl-garlands of its houses look like shining rosaries of Puṣpadhanvan for subjugating virtuous wives. The four-fold loud singing of the concerts in its temples becomes a charm for transfixing the gait of the Vidyādharīs. Ponds with clear water and abundant tall white lotuses imitate the sky with autumn-clouds and apparent stars. There, beggars, as well as gurus, were approached from afar and conducted to receive foot-water, and were delighted with suitable objects”.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Kākandī (काकन्दी) or Kākandīnagara is the birth-place of Suvidhinātha: the ninth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—From patriarchical history, we gather [Suvidhinātha’s] native place was called Kākandīnagara. His father was the ruling prince by the name of Sugrīva and his mother was named Rāmā, his place of Nirvāṇa was Sameta-Śikhara or Mount Pārasnātha. His father was the lord of Kākandī. Curiously, Kākandī is called Kākandīnagara (Sanskrit: Kiṣkindhānagara). Let us remember, his father is called Sugrīva, his mother has the name of Rāmā. All this has curious association with the Rāmāyaṇa. The Kiṣkindha of the Rāmāyaṇa was situated on the sea. Hence, it is evident that aquatic animals like a crocodile or a crab have come to be the emblems of this Tīrthaṃkara.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Kākandī (काकन्दी) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his 9th Year as Kevalī.—Completing the rainy season halt in Vaiśālī, the Lord came to 'Kākaṃdī', passing through Mithilā, and stayed at Sahasrāmra garden. On the news of the Lord’s arrival, king Jitaśatru came to offer his service.

Kākandī was also visited by Mahāvīra during his 14th Year as Kevalī.—From Campā the Lord left for Videha. At Kākandī city, the householder ‘Khemaka’ and ‘Dhṛtidhara’ took initiation and observing restraint and austerities for 16 years, in the end both became enlightened at the Vipula hill.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (History)

Kākandī (काकन्दी) is the name of an ancient locality (corresponding to Kakan in Bihar, Monghyr district) associated with a traditional pilgrimage route, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Kākandī (काकन्दी) is the name of an ancient city, as mentioned by Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—Page 217.11: Here is a reference to the city of Kākandī which was a pair word with Mākandī.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kākandī (काकन्दी).—f. (-ndī) Emblick myrobalan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kākāṇḍī (काकाण्डी):—[from kākāṇḍa > kāka] f. a kind of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Kākandi (काकन्दि):—[from kāka] m. [plural] Name of a warrior-tribe [gana] dāmany-ādi.

3) Kākandī (काकन्दी):—[from kāka] f. Name of a land or town [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini 4-2, 123; Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 98]

4) [v.s. ...] Emblic myrobalan, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kākandī (काकन्दी):—(ndī) 3. f. Myrobalan.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kākandī (काकन्दी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kāiṃdī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kakandi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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