Jitari, Jitāri, Jita-ari: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jitari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jitāri (जितारि).—Son of Avīkṣit born of the family of Pūru. Avīkṣit was the son of King Kuru. Mention is made about Jitāri in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Śtanzā 53.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Jitāri (जितारि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jitāri) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Jitari (जितरि) is the father of Saṃbhava, the third of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Jitari is is Senā according to Śvetāmbara but Suṣeṇā according to Digambara. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Jitāri (जितारि) is the name of an ancient king from Śrāvastī, according to chapter 3.1 [sambhava-jina-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “Now, there is a large city, named Śrāvastī, very wealthy, the ornament of the eastern half of Bharata in Jambūdvīpa. In it there was a king, suitably named ‘Jitāri’ from the conquest of his enemies, who was like a moon to the Ocean of Milk of the Ikṣvāku-family. Among kings there was no one equal or superior to him like a lion among deer, like an eagle among birds. [...] His chief-queen was suitable because of a wealth of beauty, the general of the soldiers—the virtues, named Senādevī. Not injuring the other objects of existence, at the proper moments he sported with the queen like the moon with Rohiṇī”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jitāri (जितारि).—a. one who has conquered his enemies or passions.

-riḥ an epithet of Buddha.

Jitāri is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jita and ari (अरि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jitāri (जितारि).—mfn. (-riḥ-riḥ-ri) Victorious, triumphant. m.

(-riḥ) 1. A Jina or Jaina deified saint. 2. The father of Sambhava, the third of the Jaina pontiffs of this age. 3. A conqueror. E. jita conquered, (by whom,) and ari an enemy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Jitāri (जितारि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jitāri (जितारि):—[from jita > ji] m. (= ta-śatru) Name of a Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Avikṣit, [Mahābhārata i, 3741]

3) [v.s. ...] of the father of the Arhat Śam-bhava, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jitāri (जितारि):—[jitā+ri] (riḥ) 2. m. A Jaina deified sage. a. Victorious.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jitari in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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