Dharini, Dhārinī, Dhāriṇī: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Dharini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dhāriṇī (धारिणी).—A daughter born to the Manes (Pitṛs) created by Brahmā, by their wife Svadhā. Dhāriṇī had an elder sister named Menā. Both were expounders of the Vedas and of good qualities. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Aṃśa 1, Chapter 10).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhāriṇī (धारिणी) (Cf. Dhārin) refers to “she who supports” (a particular system of philosophy), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Pārvatī: “O Pārvatī, O upholder of the Sāṃkhya system [i.e., sāṅkhya-dhāriṇī], if you say so, O sweet-voiced lady, you render me unforbidden service every day. If I am the Brahman, the supreme lord, unsullied by illusion, comprehensible through spiritual knowledge and the master of illusion what will you do then?”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dhārinī (धारिनी).—A Pitṛkanyā, a daughter of Svadhā;1 mindborn daughter of Barhiṣadas, became the wife of Meru; son Mandara, and three daughters, Velā, Niyatī and Āyatī;2 a brahmavādinī.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 64.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 30ff; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 28; 33. 4; 62. 192.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 19.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Dhāriṇi (धारिणि) refers to one of the two daughters of Pitṛ and Svadhā: one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa and Prasūti, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Svadhā was given to Pitṛs.] Pitṛ and Svadhā had two daughters—Menā and Dhāriṇi. Dhāriṇi was married to Meru and had a son named Mandara and three daughters—Velā, Niyati and Āyati.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dhāriṇī (धारिणी) (Cf. Dhārin) refers to “she who bears” (e.g., she who bears a form), according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “(Now) listen, O goddess, to how you should be contemplated in the Transmission of the Aged. Residing in the Wheel you bear a form [i.e., mūrti-dhāriṇī] according to the distinction between gross and subtle. Residing in the middle of the Wheel of the Command, (you) burn with radiant rays (of energy). Inflammed, (you) possess garlands of flames and, of the nature of Sound, (you are) without fault. Seated within the movement of Haṃsa (the vital breath), (you) possess manifest energies (while) residing in the unmanifest. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Dhāriṇī (धारिणी) refers to a peculiar kind of Buddhist literature which is supposed to generate great mystic power if repeated continually for a long time. They are short works mostly composed of meaningless syllables, sometimes revealing traces of a language now defunct. [...] The Buddhists believe that when the Dhāriṇī is repeated in deep meditation for a long time with concentration and faith, the mantra vibrations grossen themselves in the concrete form of a deity which the worshipper visualizes, and thus obtains siddhi or success. Once realized, the deity never leaves the worshipper and gives him everything that he desires.

The Niṣpannayogāvalī acknowledges altogether twelve Dhāriṇī deities and gives their descriptions. These Dhāriṇīs look alike when represented and they are usually two-armed, holding the Viśvavajra in the right hand and their special symbols in the left.

The names of the twelve Dhāriṇīs as given in the Niṣpannayogāvalī are these:—

  1. Sumati,
  2. Ratnolkā,
  3. Uṣṇīṣavijayā,
  4. Mārī,
  5. Parṇaśabarī,
  6. Jāṅgulī,
  7. Anantamukhī,
  8. Cundā,
  9. Prajñāvardhanī,
  10. Sarvakarmāvaraṇaviśodhanī,
  11. Akṣayajñānakaraṇḍā
  12. Sarvabuddhadharma-Koṣavatī.

These Dhāriṇīs are collectively assigned to the Dhyāni Buddha Amoghasiddhi, and are described later in this book.—Amongst the Dhāriṇī deities Uṣṇīṣavijayī, Jāṅgulī, Parṇaśabarī and Cundā are popular, and there are sādhanas and images of these deities in art. But they represent nothing more than the respective vidyās or mantras of which they are the embodiments.

The Dhāriṇīs are mostly unmeaning strings of words which are required to be kept inmemory, so that they may be repeated at will for the purpose of developing psychic powers. The Dhāriṇīs sometimes reveal traces of alanguage now unknown. Several Dhāriṇīs are recorded in the Sādhanamālā. Niṣpannayogāvalī spells the word somewhat differently as Dhāriṇīs and recognizes a group of Twelve Dhāriṇīs. In the process of deification these Dhāriṇīs also became deities with form, colour and symbols. The Dhāriṇīs collectively are placed in the family of the Dhyāni Buddha Amoghasiddhi of green colour.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Dhāriṇī (धारिणी) is the wife of Cakṣuṣmān, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Digambara sources, while Śvetāmbara names his wife as Candrakānta. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers and their wifes (e.g., Dhāriṇī) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Dhāriṇī (धारिणी) is the wife of Viśākhabhūti and mother of Viśvabhūti, according to chapter 4.1 [śreyāṃsanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now in the city Rājagṛha King Viśvanandin had a son, Viśākhanandin, by his wife Priyaṅgu. Viśvanandin had a younger brother, crown prince, Viśākhabhūti, intelligent, heroic, well-bred, politic. Marīci’s jīva became the son of Viśākhabhūti by his wife Dhāriṇī because of rewards gained in a former birth. His parents gave him the name Viśvabhūti and he gradually grew up, cherished by nurses. He learned all the arts and acquired all the virtues and gradually attained youth—the embodied ornament of the body”.

2) Dhāriṇī (धारिणी) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī (i.e., Śāsanadevatās, ‘messenger-deities’) associated with Ara-nātha, according to chapter 6.2 [aranātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Yakṣendra, six-faced, three-eyed, dark, with a conch for a vehicle, his six right arms holding a citron, an arrow, a sword, a hammer, a noose, and bestowing fearlessness, his six left arms holding an ichneumon, a bow, and shield, a trident, a goad, and a rosary; a goddess Dhāriṇī, blue-bodied, with a lotus-seat, with two right arms holding a citron and a blue lotus, with two left arms holding a red lotus and a rosary, became the Lord’s messenger-deities, always near at hand”.

3) Dhāriṇī (धारिणी) is the wife of king Bala from Vītaśoka, according to chapter 6.6 [śrī-mallinātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“In this same continent, Jambūdvīpa, there is a city Vītaśoka in the province Salilāvatī in the West Videhas. Bala was its king, like a large army in strength, an elephant for rooting up the forest of a hostile army, like a god in appearance. A son, named Mahābala, having complete power, indicated by the dream of a lion, was borne to the king by his wife Dhāriṇī. [...]”.

4) Dhāriṇī (धारिणी) is the wife of king Jitaśatru from Kāmpīlya, according to chapter 6.6.—Accordingly:—“Now Abhicandra’s jīva fell from Vaijayanta and became King Jitaśatru in Kāmpīlya. He had a thousand wives, of whom Dhāriṇī was first, like a band of Apsarases drawn from heaven by merit. Now a clever mendicant nun, Cokṣā, came to Mithilā and told in the houses of kings and lords: ‘Dharma always has a root in liberality, also arises from sprinkling with the waters of sacred places, and is the source of heaven and emancipation. Our words to this effect are true.’ [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhāriṇī (धारिणी).—The earth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāriṇī (धारिणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. The earth. 2. The silk cotton tree, (Bombax heptaphyllum.) E. dhṛ, and ṇini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhariṇi (धरिणि):—[from dhara] m. Name of an Āgastya, [Pravara texts]

2) Dhāriṇī (धारिणी):—[from dhārin > dhāra] f. the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. bhūta-)

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Sva-dhā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (cf. raṇī)

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a deity, [Jaina literature]

5) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Agni-mitra, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

6) [v.s. ...] of other women, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

7) [v.s. ...] [plural] a collect. Name of the 74 wives of the gods, [Vahni-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhāriṇī (धारिणी):—(ṇī) 3. f. The earth; the silk-cotton tree (Bombax heptaphyllum).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhariṇī (धरिणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhariṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dharini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Dhariṇī (धरिणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dhariṇī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhāriṇi (ಧಾರಿಣಿ):—

1) [noun] the earth.

2) [noun] a territory being under the sway of one independent government; a state; a country.

3) [noun] (yoga.) one of the sub-nāḍi (hidden carrier of energy in the body) situated around main Suṣumanā nāḍi.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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