Jantu: 16 definitions

Introduction

Jantu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Jantu (जन्तु):—One of the sons of Somaka (one of the four sons of Mitrāyu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.1)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jantu (जन्तु).—General information. A King of the Pūru dynasty. It is mentioned in Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278, that he was the son of the King Somaka and father of the King Vṛṣatanu. Jantu born again. Somaka had hundred wives. But only one of them gave birth to a child. That child was Jantu. He was a pet of all the hundred wives. Once Jantu was bitten by an ant. All the hundred queens began crying and shouting and all ran to him. Hearing the tumult in the women’s apartment of the palace, the King and the minister ran to that place. When the tumult was over the King began to think. "It is better to have no sons at all, than to have only one son. There are hundred queens. But none of them bears a child. Is there a solution for this?"

At last the King summoned his family-priests and consulted them. The decision of the priests was that if the King should sacrifice his only son, then all his wives would become pregnant and all would give birth to children, and that among the sons thus born, Jantu also would be reborn. The mother of Jantu did not look at this project with favour. "How can we be sure that Jantu also will be there among the sons to be born, after his death?" She was worried by this thought. The priests consoled her and said that there will be a golden mole on the left flank of Jantu. Finally the mother agreed to their plan. Sacrificial dais was arranged. Sacrificial fire for holy offerings was prepared. The priests tore the child into pieces and offered them as oblation in the fire. When the sacrifice was finished, all the hundred queens became pregnant. Each of them gave birth to a child. As the priests had predicted, there was a golden mole on the left flank of the child delivered by the mother of Jantu. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapters 127 and 128). (See full article at Story of Jantu from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jantu (जन्तु).—A son of Purudvat and Bhadrasenā, the Vaidarbhi. Wife of Aikṣvākī, and son Sātvata.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 45-6.

1b) A son of Somaka; was killed (before he got an heir? Ajamīḍha and Dhūmini had to start the line again).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 16-19; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 209.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Jantu (जन्तु) is the name of child who was sacrificed in order to perform a burnt-offering for a king, so that he may obtain as many sons as wifes, as told in “the story of Devasmitā” of the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 13. This story was told by Vasantaka to Vāsavadattā in order to divert her thoughts as she was anxiously awaiting her marriage with Udayana.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jantu, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Jantu - A devaputta. He saw a number of monks in a forest lodge on the slopes of the Himalaya, muddled in mind, loose of speech and heedless. He appeared before them on an uposatha day and reminded them of their duties. S.i.61f.

2. Jantu - One of the five queens of Okkaka, founder of the third Okkaka dynasty. DA.i.258f; SNA.i.352f; MT.131.

3. Jantu - Son of the third Okkaka, by a woman whom he appointed to be his chief queen when his first one, Hattha, died. This woman was promised a boon and she asked that her son Jantu be appointed to succeed Okkaka, in preference to his other children. Okkaka first refused but was obliged to yield. His other sons and daughters thereupon left the kingdom and became the founders of the Sakiyan race (DA.258f; SNA.i.352f; MT.131).

The Mahavastu (i.348) calls Jantu, Jenta, and his mother Jenti. He reigned in Saketa.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

1) Jantu (जन्तु) refers to one of the sons of Okkāka (Ikṣvāku) according to the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins). Accordingly, “In agreement with the Dulva, the Mahāvaṃsa-ṭīkā mentions only four sons of Okkāka (Ikṣvāku) who were banished from the country; the fifth is Jantu to whom the brothers have to give way”.

Jantu possibly corresponds with Jenta, one of the sons of king Sujāta born to the concubine named Jentī: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahāvastu chapter II.32 of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda­ school). Accordingly, as a Buddhist nun said to Sujāta’s concubine Jentī thus: “[...] your son [viz., Jenta] has no right to his father’s estate, not to speak of that of a king’s. It is those five boys, the sons of a noble woman, who have the right to their father’s kingdom and estate”.

2) Jantu (जन्तु) refers to one of the five wives of Okkāka: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa), according to the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw. The wives of King Okkāka, the last of the 252,556 kings, were five: Hatthā, Cittā, Jantu, Jālinī, and Visākhā. Each of them had five hundred ladies-in-waiting.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jantu : (m.) a creature; living being.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Jantu, 2 a grass Vin. I, 196. (Page 278)

2) Jantu, 1 (Vedic jantu, see janati) a creature, living being, man, person S. I, 48; A. IV, 227; Sn. 586, 773 sq. , 808, 1103; Nd2 249 (=satta, nara, puggala); Dh. 105, 176, 341, 395; J. I, 202; II, 415; V, 495; Pv. II, 949 (=sattanikāya, people, a crowd PvA. 134). (Page 278)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jantu (जंतु).—m (S) An animated creature gen.; but commonly the word is applied to insects or reptiles--to beings of the lowest organization.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jantu (जंतु).—m An animated creature gen. but commonly the word is applied to insects or reptiles, beings of the lowest organization.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jantu (जन्तु).—[jan-tun]

1) A creature, a living being, man; Ś.5.2; Ms.3.77.

2) The (individual) soul.

3) An animal of the lowest organization.

4) People, mankind.

Derivable forms: jantuḥ (जन्तुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jantu (जन्तु).—(°-), in Divyāvadāna 418.1 jantu-gṛhaṃ praveśayitvā dagdhā (Tiṣyarakṣitā); note conjectures jatu-, lac. But compare Pali jantu, Vin. i.196.6, a kind of grass used for making coverlets (corresponds to Divyāvadāna 19.22 janduraka; see s.v. eraka); a house made of jantu-grass would make possible sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jantu (जन्तु).—m.

(-ntuḥ) Any animal, any being endowed with animal life; it is more usually applied however to beings of the lowest organization. E. jan to be born, tun Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jantu (जन्तु).—[jan + tu], m. 1. A creature, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 77. 2. A man, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 240. 3. A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 22, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jantu (जन्तु).—[masculine] creature, being, any animal, [especially] worms, insects, etc.; man, person (sgl. also coll.); attendant, servant; child, descendant.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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