Jantu; 10 Definition(s)


Jantu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Jantu (जन्तु):—One of the sons of Somaka (one of the four sons of Mitrāyu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.1)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1a) Jantu (जन्तु).—A son of Purudvat and Bhadrasenā, the Vaidarbhi. Wife of Aikṣvākī, and son Sātvata.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 45-6.

1b) A son of Somaka; was killed (before he got an heir? Ajamīḍha and Dhūmini had to start the line again).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 16-19; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 209.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Jantu (जन्तु) is the name of child who was sacrificed in order to perform a burnt-offering for a king, so that he may obtain as many sons as wifes, as told in “the story of Devasmitā” of the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 13. This story was told by Vasantaka to Vāsavadattā in order to divert her thoughts as she was anxiously awaiting her marriage with Udayana.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jantu, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Jantu - A devaputta. He saw a number of monks in a forest lodge on the slopes of the Himalaya, muddled in mind, loose of speech and heedless. He appeared before them on an uposatha day and reminded them of their duties. S.i.61f.

2. Jantu - One of the five queens of Okkaka, founder of the third Okkaka dynasty. DA.i.258f; SNA.i.352f; MT.131.

3. Jantu - Son of the third Okkaka, by a woman whom he appointed to be his chief queen when his first one, Hattha, died. This woman was promised a boon and she asked that her son Jantu be appointed to succeed Okkaka, in preference to his other children. Okkaka first refused but was obliged to yield. His other sons and daughters thereupon left the kingdom and became the founders of the Sakiyan race (DA.258f; SNA.i.352f; MT.131).

The Mahavastu (i.348) calls Jantu, Jenta, and his mother Jenti. He reigned in Saketa.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Jantu in Pali glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jantu : (m.) a creature; living being.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Jantu, 2 a grass Vin. I, 196. (Page 278)

2) Jantu, 1 (Vedic jantu, see janati) a creature, living being, man, person S. I, 48; A. IV, 227; Sn. 586, 773 sq. , 808, 1103; Nd2 249 (=satta, nara, puggala); Dh. 105, 176, 341, 395; J. I, 202; II, 415; V, 495; Pv. II, 949 (=sattanikāya, people, a crowd PvA. 134). (Page 278)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

jantu (जंतु).—m (S) An animated creature gen.; but commonly the word is applied to insects or reptiles--to beings of the lowest organization.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jantu (जंतु).—m An animated creature gen. but commonly the word is applied to insects or reptiles, beings of the lowest organization.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jantu (जन्तु).—[jan-tun]

1) A creature, a living being, man; Ś.5.2; Ms.3.77.

2) The (individual) soul.

3) An animal of the lowest organization.

4) People, mankind.

Derivable forms: jantuḥ (जन्तुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jalajantu (जलजन्तु).—m. (-ntuḥ) A fish, or any marine, aquatic, or amphibious animal. E. jala w...
Jantukambu (जन्तुकम्बु).—m. (-mbuḥ) A shell, a snail’s shell, &c. E. jantu, and kambu a she...
Bhūjantu (भूजन्तु).—m. (-ntuḥ) 1. An earth-worm. 2. An elephant. E. bhū and jantu a being.
Jantuphala (जन्तुफल).—m. (-laḥ) Glomerous fig tree, (Ficus glomerata.) E. jantu an animal, and ...
Kṣudrajantu (क्षुद्रजन्तु).—m. (-ntuḥ) 1. Any small animal. 2. A kind of worm, (Julus.) E. kṣud...
Jantugāma (जन्तुगाम) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Countr...
Jantu Sutta
1) Jantu, 2 a grass Vin. I, 196. (Page 278)2) Jantu, 1 (Vedic jantu, see janati) a creature, li...
Vana-vāṭikā-tṛṇa-jantu-gocara-paryanta.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXIII p. 229), ‘including forests, gard...
Hiṃsrajantu (हिंस्रजन्तु).—a beast of prey. Derivable forms: hiṃsrajantuḥ (हिंस्रजन्तुः).Hiṃsra...
Jantughna (जन्तुघ्न).—1) the citron. 2) a snail. Derivable forms: jantughnaḥ (जन्तुघ्नः).Jantug...
Nirjantu (निर्जन्तु).—a. free from living germs; H. Yoga. Nirjantu is a Sanskrit compound consi...
Dhūrtajantu (धूर्तजन्तु).—a man. Dhūrtajantu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dhū...
Kamā (कमा).—f. (-mā) Beauty, rediance. E. kam to desire, aṅ and ṭāp affs.--- OR --- Kāma (काम)....
Somaka (सोमक) is the name of an ancient king who was conquered by Mahāsena, king of Ujjayinī, a...
Poṣa (पोष).—m. (-ṣaḥ) 1. Nourishing, cherishing. 2. Increase, growth. 3. Plenty, abundance. E. ...

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