Janya: 17 definitions


Janya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jany.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Janya (जन्य) or janyarāga is defined as “that which emanates from rāgas”, according to Umāpati in his 9th century Aumāpatam (exposition on music and dance).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Janya (जन्य).—Rational right triangle or rectangle from which other rational figures are to be obtained; a figure with rational sides. Note: Janya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Janya (जन्य) refers to “those who carry the bride (in a palanquin)”, and as mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.15. In verse 11.65, 95, janyajanaḥ means the same thing. In verse 16.48 janyajana is used in the sense of those who accompany the bridegroom to the bride’s place; the members of the bridegroom’s party, or vārayātrika, as they are called, in 16.66. In 15.72 janyayātrā means “the marriage procession”, “the procession of the bridegroom’s party”. [...] The word is used in Moharājaparājaya (act 1); also in Mālatīmādhava (act VI). Jagaddhara quotes Medinī.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Janya (जन्य) refers to a “triangle”, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—A triangle or a quadrilateral whose sides, altitudes and other dimensions can be expressed in terms of rational numbers is called janya (meaning generated, formed or that which is generated or formed) by Mahāvīra in the Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha.

Note: The section of Mahāvīra’s work devoted to the treatment of rational triangles and quadrilaterals bears the sub-title janya-vyavahāra (Janya operation) and it begins as “Hereafter we shall give out the janya operations in calculations relating to measurement of areas”. Mahāvīra’s treatment of the subject has been explained fully by Bibhutibhusan Datta in a paper entitled: “On Mahavira’s solution of rational triangles and quadrilaterals”.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

janya (जन्य).—p (S) Born, produced, caused, formed, made. Ex. of comp. pittajanya, kaphajanya, vāta- janya, śōkajanya, krōdhajanya, kāmajanya, jalajanya, ajñāna- janya &c. endlessly. 2 That is to be born or produced, future.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Janya (जन्य).—a. [jan kartari yat]

1) To be born or produced.

2) Born, produced.

3) (At the end of comp.) Born from, occasioned by.

4) Belonging to a race or family

5) Vulgar, common.

6) National.

7) Relating to, or fit for men.

-nyaḥ 1 A father.

2) A friend, attendant or relative of a bridegroom; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.2.

3) A common man.

4) A report, rumour.

-nyā 1 Mother's friend,

2) The relation of a bride, a bride's maid; याहीति जन्यामवदत् कुमारी (yāhīti janyāmavadat kumārī) R.6.3.

3) Pleasure, happiness.

4) Affection.

5) a market.

6) The world; जन्या तु मातृसख्यां च मदे हट्टे जनेऽपि च । लोके जन्तौ (janyā tu mātṛsakhyāṃ ca made haṭṭe jane'pi ca | loke jantau) ... Nm.

-nyam 1 Birth, production, creation.

2) That which is born or created, a created thing, an effect (opp. janaka) जन्यानां जनकः कालः (janyānāṃ janakaḥ kālaḥ) Bhāṣā. P.45; जनकस्य स्वभावो हि जन्ये तिष्ठति निश्चितम् (janakasya svabhāvo hi janye tiṣṭhati niścitam) Śabdak.

3) The body; तुष्टाव जन्यं विसृजञ्जनार्दनम् (tuṣṭāva janyaṃ visṛjañjanārdanam) Bhāgavata 1.9.31.

4) A portent occurring at birth.

5) A market, a fair.

6) War, battle; तत्र जन्यं रघोर्घोरं पर्वतीयैर्गणरभूत् (tatra janyaṃ raghorghoraṃ parvatīyairgaṇarabhūt) R.4.77; चारुणा रमते जन्ये कोऽभीतो रसिताशिनि (cāruṇā ramate janye ko'bhīto rasitāśini) Kirātārjunīya 15.23.

7) Censure, abuse.

8) A community, nation.

9) People.

1) Report, rumour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jānya (जान्य).—adj. (= Pali jañña), noble: durlabhaḥ puruṣo jānyo Udānavarga xxx.27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janya (जन्य).—mfn.

(-nyaḥ-nyā-nyaṃ) 1. To be born or produced. 2. Fit for or favourable to men. m.

(-nyaḥ) 1. A father. 2. The friend, attendant, or companion of a bridegroom. f.

(-nyā) The friend of a mother. 2. The relation or companion of a bride, a bride’s maid, &c. 3. Pleasure, happiness. 4. Affection. 5. A mother. n.

(-nyaṃ) 1. War, combat. 2. Rumour, report. 3. A market, a fair. 4. A portent, one occurring at birth. E. jana to be born, &c. affix ṇic karttari yat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janya (जन्य).—A. ptcple. of the fut. pass. of jan, 1. To be born, Bhāṣāp. 44. 2. Produced, Bhāṣāp. 110. 3. n. The body, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 9, 31. B. i. e. jana + ya, I. m. The friend of a bridegroom, Mahābhārata 1, 7203. Ii. f. , A bridesmaid, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 6, 30. Iii. n. War, combat, Mahābhārata 5, 3195.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janya (जन्य).—1. [adjective] born, produced, rising from (—°); [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

— [neuter] body.

--- OR ---

Janya (जन्य).—2. [adjective] belonging to the (same) race, national, native; common, vulgar.

— [masculine] the bridegroom’s friend; [feminine] ā bridesmaid; [neuter] people, tribe, race (also janya), [plural] inimical tribes; fighting, war.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Janya (जन्य):—[from janīya] 1. janya mfn. (√jan, [Pāṇini iii, 4, 68; iii, 1, 97; Patañjali]) born, produced, [Bhāṣāpariccheda 44; Brahma-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] ifc. born or arising or produced from, occasioned by, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Bhāṣāpariccheda; Tarkasaṃgraha] etc. (-tā f. abstr. [Vedāntasāra]; -tva n. idem, [Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana [Scholiast or Commentator]])

3) [v.s. ...] m. a father, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the body, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 9, 31]

5) [v.s. ...] a portent occurring at birth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [from janīya] 2. janya mfn. ([from] jana) belonging to a race or family or to the same country, national, [Ṛg-veda ii, 37, 6 and 39, l; x, 91, 2; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra xv, 13, 3]

7) [v.s. ...] belonging or relating to the people, [Ṛg-veda iv, 55, 5; ix, 49, 2; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; ṢaḍvBr.]

8) [v.s. ...] m. the friend or companion of a bridegroom, [Ṛg-veda iv, 38, 6; Atharva-veda xi, 8, I f.; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa ii, 1, 13; Mahābhārata i, iii; Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) [v.s. ...] a son-in-law, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

10) [v.s. ...] a common man, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā vi, 1, 6, 6; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i, 7, 8, 7]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata xiii, 1170]

12) [v.s. ...] [varia lectio] for jānya q.v.

13) [v.s. ...] m. n. rumour, report, [Pāṇini 4-4, 97]

14) [v.s. ...] n. people, community, nation, [Ṛg-veda ii;x, 42, 6; Atharva-veda xiii, 4, 43] (oxyt.)

15) [v.s. ...] [plural] inimical races or men, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa viii, 26]

16) [v.s. ...] fighting, war, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Mahābhārata v, 3195; Raghuvaṃśa iv, 77; Daśakumāra-carita]

17) [v.s. ...] a market, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Janyā (जन्या):—[from janya > janīya] f. ([gana] utkarādi) a bridesmaid, [Pāṇini 4-4, 82; Raghuvaṃśa vi, 30]

19) [v.s. ...] the female friend of a mother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] a newly-married wife, [Campaka-śreṣṭhi-kathānaka 163 f. and 211]

21) [v.s. ...] pleasure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] affection, [Horace H. Wilson]

23) Janya (जन्य):—[from janma] a nyīya, nyu. See above.

24) Jānya (जान्य):—[varia lectio] for janya q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janya (जन्य):—(nyaḥ) 1. m. A father; bridegroom’s friend. f. A mother; a bridesmaid; happiness. n. War; rumour; a market; a portent. a. Being born; fit for all.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Janya (जन्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Janna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Janya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Janya (जन्य) [Also spelled jany]:—(a) born, produced/generated; used as a suffix meaning —generated by or born of (as [yudhdajanya, parīsthitijanya]).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Janya (ಜನ್ಯ):—

1) [adjective] occurring; happening; coming or that can come into existence.

2) [adjective] that can be derived from (another).

--- OR ---

Janya (ಜನ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] that which is related to the general public or people at large.

2) [noun] people; the masses.

3) [noun] a general talk, statement or opinion that is in circulation widely, without confirmation or certainty as to facts.

4) [noun] the principal attendant of or a friend accompanying the bridegroom at a wedding; best-man.

5) [noun] open armed conflict between countries or between factions within the same country.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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