Janya; 7 Definition(s)


Janya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Janya (जन्य) or janyarāga is defined as “that which emanates from rāgas”, according to Umāpati in his 9th century Aumāpatam (exposition on music and dance).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Janya (जन्य).—Rational right triangle or rectangle from which other rational figures are to be obtained; a figure with rational sides. Note: Janya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Janya (जन्य) refers to “those who carry the bride (in a palanquin)”, and as mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.15. In verse 11.65, 95, janyajanaḥ means the same thing. In verse 16.48 janyajana is used in the sense of those who accompany the bridegroom to the bride’s place; the members of the bridegroom’s party, or vārayātrika, as they are called, in 16.66. In 15.72 janyayātrā means “the marriage procession”, “the procession of the bridegroom’s party”. [...] The word is used in Moharājaparājaya (act 1); also in Mālatīmādhava (act VI). Jagaddhara quotes Medinī.

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

janya (जन्य).—p (S) Born, produced, caused, formed, made. Ex. of comp. pittajanya, kaphajanya, vāta- janya, śōkajanya, krōdhajanya, kāmajanya, jalajanya, ajñāna- janya &c. endlessly. 2 That is to be born or produced, future.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Janya (जन्य).—a. [jan kartari yat]

1) To be born or produced.

2) Born, produced.

3) (At the end of comp.) Born from, occasioned by.

4) Belonging to a race or family

5) Vulgar, common.

6) National.

7) Relating to, or fit for men.

-nyaḥ 1 A father.

2) A friend, attendant or relative of a bridegroom; Māl.6.2.

3) A common man.

4) A report, rumour.

-nyā 1 Mother's friend,

2) The relation of a bride, a bride's maid; याहीति जन्यामवदत् कुमारी (yāhīti janyāmavadat kumārī) R.6.3.

3) Pleasure, happiness.

4) Affection.

5) a market.

6) The world; जन्या तु मातृसख्यां च मदे हट्टे जनेऽपि च । लोके जन्तौ (janyā tu mātṛsakhyāṃ ca made haṭṭe jane'pi ca | loke jantau) ... Nm.

-nyam 1 Birth, production, creation.

2) That which is born or created, a created thing, an effect (opp. janaka) जन्यानां जनकः कालः (janyānāṃ janakaḥ kālaḥ) Bhāṣā. P.45; जनकस्य स्वभावो हि जन्ये तिष्ठति निश्चितम् (janakasya svabhāvo hi janye tiṣṭhati niścitam) Śabdak.

3) The body; तुष्टाव जन्यं विसृजञ्जनार्दनम् (tuṣṭāva janyaṃ visṛjañjanārdanam) Bhāg.1.9.31.

4) A portent occurring at birth.

5) A market, a fair.

6) War, battle; तत्र जन्यं रघोर्घोरं पर्वतीयैर्गणरभूत् (tatra janyaṃ raghorghoraṃ parvatīyairgaṇarabhūt) R.4.77; चारुणा रमते जन्ये कोऽभीतो रसिताशिनि (cāruṇā ramate janye ko'bhīto rasitāśini) Ki.15.23.

7) Censure, abuse.

8) A community, nation.

9) People.

1) Report, rumour.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jānya (जान्य).—adj. (= Pali jañña), noble: durlabhaḥ puruṣo jānyo Ud xxx.27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Janya (जन्य).—mfn.

(-nyaḥ-nyā-nyaṃ) 1. To be born or produced. 2. Fit for or favourable to men. m.

(-nyaḥ) 1. A father. 2. The friend, attendant, or companion of a bridegroom. f.

(-nyā) The friend of a mother. 2. The relation or companion of a bride, a bride’s maid, &c. 3. Pleasure, happiness. 4. Affection. 5. A mother. n.

(-nyaṃ) 1. War, combat. 2. Rumour, report. 3. A market, a fair. 4. A portent, one occurring at birth. E. jana to be born, &c. affix ṇic karttari yat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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