Janta, Jamta, Jaṇṭā: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Janta means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Aspects of Jaina Art and Architecture

Janta (जन्त) refers to “mechanical (images)” (of human beings), according to the Bṛhatkalpabhāṣya (Vol IV., gāthā 4915): a 6th century commentary on monastic discipline authored by Svetambara Jain exegete Saṅghadāsa.—Images of Tīrthaṃkaras were made of stones, metals, wood, clay, precious gems, jewels or semi-precious stones. The Jaina Bṛhatkalpa-bhāṣya refers to a mechanical image (janta-padimā) of a human being which could walk and open and shut its eyes. It is further said that m the Yavana country such images were turned out m large numbers Some of these may have been of wood with some metallic contrivances inside but others may have been of metal.

Janta in Prakrit is known in Sanskrit as Yantra.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Janta or Jantagāvuṇḍa is the name of a person mentioned in the “Bamaṇī stone inscription of Vijayaditya”. Accordingly, “... the temple of the holy Pārśvanātha constructed at the village of Maḍalūra comprised in Paṇaturage-golla by Chodhorekāma-gāvuṇḍa, son of Saṇagamayya and Caṃdha . . vvā, husband of Punnakabbā and father of Janta-gāvuṇḍa and Hemma-gāvuṇḍa, for repairs of what may be broken or dilapidated and for providing food to the ascetics living there”.

This inscription (mentioning Janta) is on a stone near the door of a Jaina temple at Bāmaṇī, a village 25 miles south-west of Kāgal, the chief town of the Kāgal-tālukā in the Kolhāpur District. It records the grant made by Vijayāditya of a field, a flower-garden, and a house, in the village Maḍalūra in the district of Paṇaturagegolla. It was made on the occasion of a lunar eclipse, on Friday, the full-moon tithi of Bhādrapada, in the cyclic year Pramoda, when 1073 Śaka years had elapsed.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

janta (जंत).—m (jantu S) The intestinal round worm, teres. 2 or jantācā upadrava m Affliction with this worm, the worms.

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jānta (जांत).—n A post with a loosely attached cross-piece; to be turned round and round by a bullock. An apparatus for breaking in. Hence fig. Any course of discipline for the refractory.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

janta (जंत).—m The intestinal round worm teres. The worms.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Janta (जन्त).—(nt.; also written jantra, as well as yanta; Prakrit or semi-Prakrit for Sanskrit yantra), machine: Mahāvastu ii.475.6 ff., 476.1, 5, in cpds. janta-kāra and janta-māṣṭa(ka), see the latter. The mss. read prevailingly janta or jantra; Senart usually j-, but sometimes y- even against both mss.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Janta in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) the public, people, masses; -[janardana] the people symbolising God..—janta (जनता) is alternatively transliterated as Janatā.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Jaṃta (जंत) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Yantr.

2) Jaṃta (जंत) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Yantra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaṃta (ಜಂತ):—

1) [noun] one of the hard bodies attached in a row to each jaw, serving for the pretension and mastication of food, and in mammals typically composed chiefly of dentin surrounding a sensitive pulp and covered on the crown with enamel; a tooth.

2) [noun] a tooth developed to a great length, usu. one of a pair, as in the elephant, walrus, and wild boar; a tusk.

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Jaṃta (ಜಂತ):—[noun] the width of a long cloth as manufactured (before it is cut for any purpose).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Jaṇṭā (ஜண்டா) noun < Urdu jhaṇḍā. Flag. See செண்டா. [senda.]

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Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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