Jani, Jāni: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Jani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Janī (जनी) refers to a “bride”, and as mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 12.3, 23.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jānī.—(EI 22), a corruption of Yājñika. Note: jānī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jāni : (f.) loss; deprivation; the wife. (aor. of jānāti), knew; found out.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Jāni, 2 (f.) wife, in jānipatayo (pl.) wife & husband (cp. jāyā(m)pati) A. II, 59 sq. (Page 283)

2) Jāni, 1 (f.) (from jahati, confused in meaning with jayati. See jahati & cp. janti) deprivation, loss, confiscation of property; plundering, robbery; using force, ill-treatment D. I, 135=A. I, 201 (vadhena vā bandhena vā jāniyā vā); S. I, 66 (hatajānisu), J. I, 55 (v. l. jāti), 212 (mahājānikara a great robber): IV. 72 (dhana, ° v. l. hāni); Dh. 138 (=DhA. III, 70 dhanassa jāni, v. l. hāni). (Page 283)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

janī (जनी).—f or janīcēṃ pāna n A species of pānavēla or Piper betel. The leaf is small, blackish, fragrant, and pungent. It has a khōñca or indentation on each side. Affirmed to be fit only for females. Hence its name from Woman; and hence called also bāilīcēṃ pāna.

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jānī (जानी).—f A cow, calf, or other animal, or a girl, dedicated to khaṇḍōbā or other god. 2 fig. A boisterous, untaught girl, a hoiden, romp, tom-boy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jānī (जानी).—f A cow, calf, or other animal, or a girl, dedicated to khaṇḍōbā or other god. Fig. A boisterous, untaught girl.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jani (जनि) or Janī (जनी).—f.

1) Birth, creation, production; अम्भोजन्मजनिस्तदन्तरगतः (ambhojanmajanistadantaragataḥ) Bhāgavata 1.13.15.

2) A woman.

3) A mother.

4) A wife; जन्युः पतिस्तन्वं (janyuḥ patistanvaṃ) 1 मा विविश्याः (mā viviśyāḥ) Ṛgveda 1.1.3.

5) A daughtert-in-law.

Derivable forms: janiḥ (जनिः).

See also (synonyms): janikā.

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Jāni (जानि).—A substitute for जाया (jāyā) at the end of Bah. comp. अनन्यजानेः सैवासीद्यस्माज्जाया हिरण्मयी (ananyajāneḥ saivāsīdyasmājjāyā hiraṇmayī) R.15.61; हृतजानिर- रातिभिः सलज्जः (hṛtajānira- rātibhiḥ salajjaḥ) Mv.4.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jani (जनि).—f. (-niḥ-nī) 1. A woman in general. 2. A mother. 3. Birth, production. 4. The wife of a son, or brother’s son, &c. 5. A fragrant plant: see jatūkā. E. jan to be born or to bear, Unadi affix bhāve in, and optionally vā ṅīp added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jani (जनि).—[jan + i], f. 1. A woman, Chr. 291, 1 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 1. 2. Birth-place, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11979.

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Jāni (जानि).—[-jāni], i. e. jan + i, latter part of comp. adj. Wife, e. g. an-anya-, Having no other wife, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 15, 61. vitta-, adj. Having married (vb. vid), Chr. 297, 15 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 15.

— Cf. [Gothic.] quens, [Anglo-Saxon.] cwen, Engl. queen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jani (जनि).—[feminine] woman, wife, [plural] metaph. the fingers; jani also birth, origin, birthplace.

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Janī (जनी).—[feminine] woman, wife, [plural] metaph. the fingers; jani also birth, origin, birthplace.

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Janī (जनी).—v. jani.

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Jāni (जानि).—[feminine] wife (only adj. —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jani (जनि):—[from jananīya] (,janī) f. a woman, wife ([genitive case] nyur, [Ṛg-veda x, 10, 3]), [Ṛg-veda] ([plural] also [figuratively] ‘the fingers’), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] birth, production, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana i, 97, [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of fragrant plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a mother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] birth, id est. life, [Agni-purāṇa xxxviii, 1]

6) [v.s. ...] birthplace, [Harivaṃśa 11979]

7) [v.s. ...] the root jan, [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra iii, 1, 24 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

8) [v.s. ...] cf. gnā.

9) Janī (जनी):—[from jananīya] (,jani) f. See ni

10) [v.s. ...] a daughter-in-law (cf. jāmi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Jāni (जानि):—[from jātṛ] mfn. ifc. ([Pāṇini 5-4, 134]) = jani, a wife, [Raghuvaṃśa xv, 61] (an-anya-jāni mfn. ‘having no other wife’), [Kathāsaritsāgara iic; Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 258]

12) [v.s. ...] cf. arundhatī, bhadrayuva, vi-, vitta-, sumaj-, sapta-

13) [v.s. ...] aand dvi-jāni.

14) Jānī (जानी):—[from jātṛ] 1. jānī f. a mother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) 2. jānī (in colophons) corrupted [from] yajñika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jani (जनि):—[(niḥ-nī)] 2. 3. f. A woman, a mother; birth; son’s wife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Janī (जनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jānī (जानी):—(a) pertaining to, or aiming at, life; beloved, darling;—[duśmana] a deadly enemy, sworn enemy.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Jaṇī (जणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Janī.

2) Jāṇi (जाणि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jñānin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jani (ಜನಿ):—[verb] to flow out in drops; to ooze; to leak out.

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Jani (ಜನಿ):—

1) [noun] the act or fact of coming into life or of being born; birth.

2) [noun] a woman in gen. 3. the wife of one’s son; a daughter-in-law.

3) [noun] the plant Paedaria scandens (= P. foetida) of Rubiaceae family (?).

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Jāṇi (ಜಾಣಿ):—[noun] = ಜಾಣೆ [jane].

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Jāni (ಜಾನಿ):—

1) [noun] a wise, intelligent man.

2) [noun] one who possesses true and spiritual knowledge; a sage.

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Jāni (ಜಾನಿ):—[noun] (at the end of a compound) wife (of ).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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