Jani, Jāni, Jaṉi, Jāṉi: 21 definitions
Jani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kavya (poetry)Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa
Janī (जनी) refers to a “bride”, and as mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 12.3, 23.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Jani (जनि) refers to “someone’s birth”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.13 (“The birth of Gaṇeśa”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada: “Due to the difference of Kalpas, the story of the birth (jani) of Gaṇeśa is told in different ways. According to one account he is born of the great lord. His head looked at by Śani was cut off and an elephant’s head was put on him. Now we narrate the story of the birth of Gaṇeśa in Śvetakalpa when his head was cut off by the merciful Śiva. [...]”.
Jani has the following Synonyms: Utpatti.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Jānī.—(EI 22), a corruption of Yājñika. Note: jānī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Jani in India is the name of a plant defined with Grewia tiliaefolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Grewia tiliifolia Vahl, nom. illeg. (among others).
2) Jani is also identified with Grewia asiatica.
3) Jani in Sierra Leone is also identified with Axonopus compressus It has the synonym Anastrophus platycaulmis Schltdl. ex B.D. Jacks. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana, ser. 2 (1966)
· Nomenclator Botanicus. Editio secunda (1841)
· Nomenclator Botanicus. Editio secunda (1840)
· Phytomorphology (1962)
· Neue Entdeckungen im ganzen Umfang der Pflanzenkunde (1821)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Jani, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
jāni : (f.) loss; deprivation; the wife. (aor. of jānāti), knew; found out.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Jāni, 2 (f.) wife, in jānipatayo (pl.) wife & husband (cp. jāyā(m)pati) A. II, 59 sq. (Page 283)
2) Jāni, 1 (f.) (from jahati, confused in meaning with jayati. See jahati & cp. janti) deprivation, loss, confiscation of property; plundering, robbery; using force, ill-treatment D. I, 135=A. I, 201 (vadhena vā bandhena vā jāniyā vā); S. I, 66 (hatajānisu), J. I, 55 (v. l. jāti), 212 (mahājānikara a great robber): IV. 72 (dhana, ° v. l. hāni); Dh. 138 (=DhA. III, 70 dhanassa jāni, v. l. hāni). (Page 283)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
janī (जनी).—f or janīcēṃ pāna n A species of pānavēla or Piper betel. The leaf is small, blackish, fragrant, and pungent. It has a khōñca or indentation on each side. Affirmed to be fit only for females. Hence its name from Woman; and hence called also bāilīcēṃ pāna.
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jānī (जानी).—f A cow, calf, or other animal, or a girl, dedicated to khaṇḍōbā or other god. 2 fig. A boisterous, untaught girl, a hoiden, romp, tom-boy.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
jānī (जानी).—f A cow, calf, or other animal, or a girl, dedicated to khaṇḍōbā or other god. Fig. A boisterous, untaught girl.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jani (जनि) or Janī (जनी).—f.
1) Birth, creation, production; अम्भोजन्मजनिस्तदन्तरगतः (ambhojanmajanistadantaragataḥ) Bhāgavata 1.13.15.
2) A woman.
3) A mother.
4) A wife; जन्युः पतिस्तन्वं (janyuḥ patistanvaṃ) 1 मा विविश्याः (mā viviśyāḥ) Ṛgveda 1.1.3.
5) A daughtert-in-law.
Derivable forms: janiḥ (जनिः).
See also (synonyms): janikā.
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Jāni (जानि).—A substitute for जाया (jāyā) at the end of Bah. comp. अनन्यजानेः सैवासीद्यस्माज्जाया हिरण्मयी (ananyajāneḥ saivāsīdyasmājjāyā hiraṇmayī) R.15.61; हृतजानिर- रातिभिः सलज्जः (hṛtajānira- rātibhiḥ salajjaḥ) Mv.4.5.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jani (जनि).—f. (-niḥ-nī) 1. A woman in general. 2. A mother. 3. Birth, production. 4. The wife of a son, or brother’s son, &c. 5. A fragrant plant: see jatūkā. E. jan to be born or to bear, Unadi affix bhāve in, and optionally vā ṅīp added.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jani (जनि).—[jan + i], f. 1. A woman,
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Jāni (जानि).—[-jāni], i. e. jan + i, latter part of comp. adj. Wife, e. g. an-anya-, Having no other wife, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 15, 61. vitta-, adj. Having married (vb. vid),
— Cf. [Gothic.] quens, [Anglo-Saxon.] cwen, Engl. queen.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jani (जनि).—[feminine] woman, wife, [plural] metaph. the fingers; jani also birth, origin, birthplace.
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Janī (जनी).—[feminine] woman, wife, [plural] metaph. the fingers; jani also birth, origin, birthplace.
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Janī (जनी).—v. jani.
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Jāni (जानि).—[feminine] wife (only adj. —°).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jani (जनि):—[from jananīya] (,janī) f. a woman, wife ([genitive case] nyur, [Ṛg-veda x, 10, 3]), [Ṛg-veda] ([plural] also [figuratively] ‘the fingers’), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]
2) [v.s. ...] birth, production, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana i, 97, [Scholiast or Commentator]]
3) [v.s. ...] a kind of fragrant plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] a mother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] birth, id est. life, [Agni-purāṇa xxxviii, 1]
6) [v.s. ...] birthplace, [Harivaṃśa 11979]
7) [v.s. ...] the root jan, [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra iii, 1, 24 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
8) [v.s. ...] cf. gnā.
9) Janī (जनी):—[from jananīya] (,jani) f. See ni
10) [v.s. ...] a daughter-in-law (cf. jāmi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) Jāni (जानि):—[from jātṛ] mfn. ifc. ([Pāṇini 5-4, 134]) = jani, a wife, [Raghuvaṃśa xv, 61] (an-anya-jāni mfn. ‘having no other wife’), [Kathāsaritsāgara iic; Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 258]
12) [v.s. ...] cf. arundhatī, bhadrayuva, vi-, vitta-, sumaj-, sapta-
13) [v.s. ...] aand dvi-jāni.
14) Jānī (जानी):—[from jātṛ] 1. jānī f. a mother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) 2. jānī (in colophons) corrupted [from] yajñika.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jani (जनि):—[(niḥ-nī)] 2. 3. f. A woman, a mother; birth; son’s wife.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Janī (जनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaṇī.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Jānī (जानी):—(a) pertaining to, or aiming at, life; beloved, darling;—[duśmana] a deadly enemy, sworn enemy.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Jaṇī (जणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Janī.
2) Jāṇi (जाणि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Jñānin.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Jani (ಜನಿ):—[verb] to flow out in drops; to ooze; to leak out.
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1) [noun] the act or fact of coming into life or of being born; birth.
2) [noun] a woman in gen. 3. the wife of one’s son; a daughter-in-law.
3) [noun] the plant Paedaria scandens (= P. foetida) of Rubiaceae family (?).
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Jāṇi (ಜಾಣಿ):—[noun] = ಜಾಣೆ [jane].
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1) [noun] a wise, intelligent man.
2) [noun] one who possesses true and spiritual knowledge; a sage.
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Jāni (ಜಾನಿ):—[noun] (at the end of a compound) wife (of ).
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
Tamil dictionarySource: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon
Jani (ஜநி) [janittal] 11 intransitive verb < jan. See சனி-. [sani-.] (விவிலியநூல் ஆதியா. [viviliyanul athiya.] 1, 21.)
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Jaṉi (ஜனி) [jaṉittal] 11 intransitive verb < jan. See சனி-. [sani-.]
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Jāṉi (ஜானி) noun < jāni < jāyā. A title of ladies; ஸ்திரீகளின் பட்டப்பெயர். திருவேங்கட முடையான் புத்திரி அலர்மேல்மங்கை ஜானி [sthirigalin pattappeyar. thiruvengada mudaiyan puthiri alarmelmangai jani] (inscription).
Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+50): Jani-gida, Jania, Janiadam, Janib, Janiba, Janida, Janidha, Janidivasa, Janige, Janijayadeva, Janije, Janika, Janikah, Janikama, Janikartar, Janikartri, Janike, Janil-bhendi, Janili, Janima.
Ends with (+194): Abhijani, Abhisanjani, Adhirajani, Agajani, Ajani, Ambhojajani, Ambhojani, Ambhojanmajani, Amritaramjani, Amtarikshamojani, Ananyajani, Ancani, Anjani, Anujani, Aranyarajani, Arundhatijani, Ashritaramjani, Ashvajani, Asitanjani, Atitejani.
Full-text (+101): Tanujani, Yuvajani, Arundhatijani, Janida, Janikama, Rakavibhavari, Janinilika, Ambhojajani, Janidha, Dvijani, Vittajani, Priyajani, Ambhojani, Ajani, Janipaddhati, Janitvana, Janidivasa, Janivid, Janivat, Jnanin.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Jani, Jāni, Jaṉi, Jāṉi, Janī, Jānī, Jaṇi, Jaṇī, Jāṇi, Jaani; (plurals include: Janis, Jānis, Jaṉis, Jāṉis, Janīs, Jānīs, Jaṇis, Jaṇīs, Jāṇis, Jaanis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Markandeya Purana (Study) (by Chandamita Bhattacharya)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 4.52.1 < [Sukta 52]
Rig Veda 8.17.7 < [Sukta 17]
Rig Veda 1.167.7 < [Sukta 167]
Folk Tradition of Bengal (and Rabindranath Tagore) (by Joydeep Mukherjee)
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.263 < [Chapter 2 - The Lord’s Manifestation at the House of Śrīvāsa and the Inauguration of Saṅkīrtana]
Verse 2.9.167 < [Chapter 9 - The Lord’s Twenty-One Hour Ecstasy and Descriptions of Śrīdhara and Other Devotees’ Characteristics]
Verse 1.10.27 < [Chapter 10 - Marriage with Śrī Lakṣmīpriyā]
Vasudevavijaya of Vasudeva (Study) (by Sajitha. A)
Dvisahasri of Tembesvami (Summary and Study) (by Upadhyay Mihirkumar Sudhirbhai)