The Nilamata Purana
by Dr. Ved Kumari | 31,992 words
Om auspiciousness. Salutation to the auspicious Ganes'a. Salutation to the venerable Vasudeva Om....
701. With him who well-concentrated offers one thousand Ira (flowers) to Kesava, the lord of the gods is pleased and he goes to heaven.
702. Rudra, Brahma, the Moon, the Sun, Subha Karisini and Durga should be worshipped with Ira (flowers). All the gods are pleased (with the offerings of Ira flowers)
703. Ira is favourite of the Nagas and specially mine.
704. I am excessively pleased with him who worships me with Iraflowers in Ira-garden.
705. On the third of the bright (half) of the month of Vaisakha, sacrifice should be performed with barley, and barley should be given to a Bhahmana.
706. One should worship Visnu with barley and also eat barley. O descendant of Kasyapa, the worship of Ganga should be performed on that day.
707. Muttering of god's name, sacrifices, oblations to the manes, penance, bath etc. all are said to be imperishable (on that day). Even a little charity beeomes perpetual.
708. Having undergone fast on the second (day), (these rites) should be performed strenuously by men on the third day, on the bank of the Sindhu.
709-710a O Brahman, the god Visnu, the lord of the world, shall be (born as) the preceptor of the world, Buddha by name, at the time when the Pusya is joined with the moon, in the month of Vaisaksha, in twenty eighth Kali Age.
710b-12. Listen from as to how his worship should be performed in the bright-half, from that period onwards, in uture. The image of Buddha should be bathed (with water renderd holy) with all medicinal herbs, all jewels and all scents, in accordance with the sayings of the Sakyas. The dwellings of the Sakyas (i.e. Viharas) should be whitewashed with care.
713. Here and there, the Caityas - the abodes of the god - should be provided with paintings. The festival, swarming with the actors and the dancers, should be celebrated.
714. The Sakyas should be honoured with Civara (the dress of a Buddhist mendicant ), food and books. All this should be done till the advent of Magha.
715. O twice-boln, eatable offerings should be made for three days. Worship with flowers, clothes etc. and charity for the poor (should continue for three days).
716. O Obest among the twice-borns, the Brahmanas should be worshipped with sesame, on tne full moon day of Vaisakha. Bath, sacrifice, and funeral rites (should be performed) with sesame.
717-18. Gift of wealth should be made and earthen lamps should be given for the temple. Sesame should be offered to the Brahmanas and sesame should also be eaten.
719. O best among the twice-borns, on 11th of the dark half of Magha, one should undergo fast and on the 12th, should do everything prescribed by me in connection with Vaisakha.
720. On the full moon day of Vaisakha, one should worship seven or five Brahmanas wilh Black or othersesame mixed with honey.
721. Whatever sin is committed throughout life is destroyed that very moment, when ( the thought ) "May Dharmaraja be pleased" comes to the mind.
722. Thereafter, barley - the king of the medicinal herbs becomes ripe. The gods and the manes should be worshipped then with barley-grains.
723. Then, one - anointed, garlanded and dressed in new clothes - should eat barley-food in proper procedure, amidst sounds of musical instruments and the Brahmanas.
724-25. O lord of the twice-borns, on the 8th after (the full moon day of) Jyestha, one should worship Vinayaka along with his ganas, with heaps of swcetmeats. sweet vocal and instrumental music and pleasing of the Brahmanas.
726. Or Vinayaka should be worshipped on all the 8th days. Worshipping him after undergoing fast, one gets success in undertakings.
727-28. O bestamong the twice-borns, when the conjunction of Svati constellation takes place in the month of Asadha then should be worshipped the god Wind, with scents, garlands, much rice cooked in milk, various types of ground parchedgrains, varied flowers and other blossoms.
729. O Brahman, in the end of the bright half of Asadha, a festival with vocal and instrumental music should be celebrated for five days, for bringing sleep to the god.
730. On the 11th and the 14th, Dhanahotra should be performed and vigil should be observed for two nights. The Brahmanas and the Satvatas should be worshipped on the 12th and the 15lh.
731-32. On the 13th, gifts for dramatic performances should be made in a proper procedure and money should be given, as far as the means may allow, to those who earn their living through stage.
733. What has he - the high minded - to do with violent sacrifices, by whom Kesava has been worshipped in the ceremonies of Causing Sleep and Awakening ?
734. When the conjunction of Vaisvadeva constellation takes place in the end of the month of Asadha, the learned scholar should worship the gods, in the manner prescribed in the case of Wind-god.
735-36. On the occasion of Daksinayana (the southern progress of the sun), one should give to the Brahmanas, ground parched-grains mixed with milk, snow, sugar, green vegetables, umbrella, shoes, garlands and water receptacles full of cold water.
737-38. O twice-born, Kasyapa - the founder of this country - should be worshipped at the appearance of Rohini constellation after (the full moon day) of Asadha, with scents, garlands, eatable offerings and worship of the Brahmanas. Rohini cows along with their calves should be worshipped on that day.
739. At the appearance of Sravani, one should take bath in the confluence of the Vitasta and the Sindhu and worship the bow-holder (Visnu) - the god of the gods.
740. After calling upon the Brahmanas to pronounce benedictory formulae, one should play to get pleasure and should take there, verily, special meals.
741. The chantings of the Samaveda should be listened to on that day, and the unmarried girls should specially play in the water.
742. At the time, when the moon is united with Sravana constellation, one who takes bath, gets prosperity in all places and times.
743-44. O twice-born, the god Madhusudana is born in the human world for removing the burden (of the earth) on the dark eighth following the (full moon day of) Sravana, in the end of the 28th Dvapara. O best among the twice-borns, it is heard by us.
745. From that period onwards, the worship of the god of gods and the goddess should, be performed on that day, in the proper manner.
746-47. O best among the twice-borns, Devaki and Yasoda should be worshipped on that day, with scents, garlands, eatables made of barley and wheat, eatables mixed with cow's milk, and fruits of various types. Having performed worship thus, a great festival should be celebrated at night.
748-49. In the morning, before the rising of the sun, women dressed in clothes dyed with safflowers, should carry all the images, amidst charming sounds of vocal and instrumental music, to thc beautiful and auspicious bank of a river or a lonely lake.
750. Eatables made of barely along with preparations of sugarcane, pepper and purified butter should be eaten on that day.
751. Then, on the dark fifteenth united with Pitr constellation, satiating liabations of water and other oblations for the manes should be offered with effort.
752-53. Subhasits, Barhisads, Agnisvattas, Kravyada, Upahutas, Ajyapas and Sukalins, all these hosts of Fathers should be worshipped with a great quantity of food, incense and flowers. O best among the twice-borns, funeral rites with sesame should be performed with effort, on that day.
754. On everyday of the bright-half of the month of Praustha, Mahendra and the goddcss Sati (Seci?) should be worshipped.
755. O best among the twice-borns, painted on the cloth, he should be worshipped in the proper manner by kings as indicated by an astrologer.
756. The cowherd should worship the Brahmanas with eatables, grains, fruits, herb-roots, jewels, clothes and incense.
757-58. Mahendra should be worshipped along with his host (of warriors), the weapons and the mount. O Brahmana, on the bright fifth of Indra's fortnight, my worship should be performed with a great quantity of scents, incense and grains, gifts of garlands and clothes, gratification of the sacred fire and the Brahmanas, gifts of various sorts for the dramatic performances, and decorations of the earth. The worship of the local Naga also should be performed on that very day.
760. In the fortnight following that (Indra Paksa), Sraddha should be performed everyday specially with Syamaka corn except on the fourteenth.
761a. The fourteenth (day of the fortnight) is prescribod for those who were killed by means of weapons.
761b-62. Kesava has stated that Sraddha may be performed for the whole of the fortnight or it may be performed in the fortnight excepting its ( first ) one- third part, or in the last one-third. On the thirteenth, however, Sraddha must be performed necessarily.
763-64. O best among the twice-borns, even he who lives on the bread supplied by others, he who has got no wealth and he who is a manual labourer, should, somehow or other, perform the funeral rites on the thirteenth. Know while I am saying. Here is the verse sung by the Fathers.
765. Will he be born in our family who may offer to us milk mixed with honey, on the thirteenth in Varsa and Magha?
766. O best among the twice-borns, the wise men should always worship the guardians of the quarters on the 4th which falls in the fortnight of the funeral rites in the month of Prausthapada.
767-69. Weapons should be worshipped at night in the temple of Durga. O descendant of Kasyapa, after taking bath in the morning and after worshipping all (the things) mentioned above, one should take one's meals and perform expiatory rites when the sun is just to set. This (ceremony) called Nirajana should be known by those who are adept in the performance of Salihotra and are thus the preservers of astronomy (described) in the Kalpa (Sutras) and the works related to the Atharvaveda. After this, should be worshipped those who-earn their living by means of stage- performances.
770-74. O twice-born, when the thousand-rayed (sun) is united with Kanya constellation then one should observe fast and worship the sage Agastya, with full pitchers, gourds, barley, rice, purified butter, beautiful Jati, Padma and Utpala (flowers), white sandlewood, cow, bull, dothes, jewels born-of the sea, umbrella, shoes, staff, slippers, a great quantity of rice cooked in milk, nice fruits and herb-roots, various sorls of food, eatables, by feeding the fire and the Brahmanas, and by giving up eating of one fruit for the complete year. Having thus worshipped Agastya, one should worship the astrologer.
775. Then, one should see the great sage Agastya as shown by him (astrologer). A man gets the desired objects after seeing the sage Agastya.
776. When the grains are ripe, one should, on a day of the bright fortnight prescribed by an astrologer, worship the gods, the manes, the water, the fire and the Brahmanas.
777-78. Having worshipped the twice-born and the astrologer, one - dressed in new clothes, well-anointed, well- adorned, garlanded, facing the east, purified, with Vedic recitations in front ................
779. Having painted in the centre Brahma and hooded Ananta, one should paint (the figures of) the guardians of the directions established in their respective directions.
780. Their worship should be performed with incense, garlands, unguents, clothes, jewels, fruits and eatables, and by gratifying the fire and the Brahmanas.
781. Rice mixed with sugar and the preparations of all (other) grains should be given to the Brahmanas, the servants and the relatives.
782-83. Rice should be eaten by the wise (persons) themselves at night and not in the day time. Absence of wealth dwells during the day in rice, at night in curd and ground parched grains and always in Bauhinia variegata (kovidara) and Feronia Elephantum (kapittha).
784. On the 5th of that (fortnight), the god (Varuna) - the lord of the waters - should be worshipped. Just as the goddess Uma is to be worshipped so (should be worshipped) Dhanada.
785. The virgins should be bathed on the 6th of that very (fortnight), and should be decorated on the seventh.
786-87. Men should decorate themselves and also the women and the children. With their bodies anointed with moist vermillion-powder, they should play for pleasure amidst dances and instrumental music, on the 8th of the same (fortnight). After taking bath, one should worship the goddess named Asokika.
788. Flowers, food, incense, bed and seat along with the upper blanket should be offered. Food mixed with sugar should be eaten.
789-90. He who desires to get prosperity, should worship Uma on that day, with incense, food, earthen lamps, garlands, curd, grains or sugar, or safflowers and salt or saffron, collylium and bangles. After going to a garden adorned with water (falls) and trees.....
791-92. O best among the the twice-borns, then a noble man temperate in food should take bath in the water of the Vitasta, for seven days on 10th etc. - three days before, three days after and on 13th, the birthday of the Vitasta.
793.94. O Brahmana, Vitasta .should be worshipped on those seven days, with scents, garlands, eatable offering, gifts of beautiful earthen lamps, various sorts of flags, red threads, bangles, various sorts of fruits and by gratifying fire and the Brahmanas.
795. Gifts for dramatic performances should be made and actors etc. should be honoured on three days following the birthday of the Vitasta.
796. On the 12th which falls within the festival of the Vitasta, a wise man should observe fast and worship the god Hari.
797. This is prescribed permanently. Others may or may not be observed. O twice-born, that 12th is regarded as the Great one and is always auspicious.
799-800a. The 12th which is united with Budha constellation is also stated to be great. Madhusudana himself told me that the recital of God's names, bath, charity funeral rites etc. performed on that (12th), become twelvefold. O twice-born, if that 12th is united with Budha and Sravana constellations, that certainly becomes highly great. Every thing performed on that day becomes imperishable.
800b-802. One gets the merit which is stated (to be got) at Sannihati, when the sun is eclipsed if one takes bath on that day, in the confluence of two rivers, and gives in charity, at that time, a pair of shoes, umbrella, full pitcher, a pair of clothes, food etc. If one observes the rest (of the 12th days) one is honoured in Svetadvipa.