Dam, Ḍāṃ: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Dam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dām.—derivative of dramma (q. v.); copper coin, (1/40) of a Mughal rupee (q. v.). Note: dām is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍāṃ (डां).—or -ḍāṃ ad Imit. of brisk, closely consecutive sounds.

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dāṃ (दां).—or-dāṃ ad Imit. of the sound.

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dāṃ (दां).—or-dāṃ ad Imit. of the sound.

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ḍāṃ (डां).—or-ḍāṃ ad Imit. of brisk smart and consecutive sounds; also of the sound of violent vomiting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dam (दम्).—[dama] r. 4th cl. (ira, u) iradamu (dāmyati) 1. To tame or subject as an enemy to quiet or pacify, to tranquilize. 2. To be tamed or tranquilized. divā0 pa0 aka0 seṭ .

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Dam (दम्).—ind. A wife. E. dam to subject, affix kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ḍam (डम्).—i. 1 or 6. [Parasmaipada.] To sound, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 55, 6.

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Dam (दम्).—i. 4, dāmya, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To be tamed. 2. To tame, Mahābhārata 7, 2379. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. dānta, Tamed, Mahābhārata 3, 15704. m. 1. A steer, a young bullock, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 432. 2. One who has subdued his passions, calm, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 35. Comp. Dus-, adj. unruly, Mahābhārata 13, 1534. Ptcple. of the fut. pass. damya, 1. To be tamed for labour, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 146. 2. m. A steer, a young bullock, Mahābhārata 12, 6590. [Causal.] damaya, 1. To subdue, Mahābhārata 1, 2995. 2. To break, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 265.

— With the prep. ud ud, To subdue, Mahābhārata 12, 6596.

— Cf. (= ved. damāyāmi, [Latin] domare), [Latin] damnare, damnum; [Gothic.] ga-timan; [Old High German.] zeman, zam; A. S. tam, tamian; [Latin] densus, etc., cf. dampati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ḍam (डम्).—ḍamati sound (of a drum).

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Dam (दम्).—1. dāmyati [participle] dānta (q.v.) be or make tame; conquer, master, control. [Causative] damayati = [Simple] tr.

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Dam (दम्).—2. [substantive] (only °— & [genetive] [plural] damām) = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ḍam (डम्):—[class] 1. [Parasmaipada] (p. mat) to sound (as a drum), [Prabodha-candrodaya iii, 14.]

2) Dam (दम्):—1. dam [class] 4. dāmyati ([Pāṇini 7-3, 74]; [indeclinable participle] dāntvā and damitvā, [2, 56]; [Aorist] [Passive voice] adami, [3, 34; Kāśikā-vṛtti]; [Parasmaipada] mit, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya xv, 37])

2) —to be tamed or tranquillised, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv, 8, 2, 2] ([imperative] dāmyata);

2) —to tame, subdue, conquer, [Mahābhārata vii, 2379 and; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 3, 4] ([indeclinable participle] damitvā), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] : [class] 9. irreg. (? [subjunctive] 2. sg. danas) idem, [Ṛg-veda i, 174, 2] :—[Causal] damayati (p. mayat; [Ātmanepada] [Pāṇini 1-3, 89])

2) —to subdue, overpower, [Ṛg-veda vii, 6; x, 74, 5; Atharva-veda v, 20, 1; Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī];—[Desiderative] See √dān;—

3) cf. δάμνημι, δμώς; [Latin] domare etc.

4) 2. dam m. a house, [Ṛg-veda x, 46, 7] ([genitive case] [plural] damām)

5) patir dan ([genitive case] sg.) = dam-patis, [99, 6; 105, 2; i, 149, 1; 153, 4]

6) pati dan = dam-patī, [120, 6]

7) śiśur dan ‘a child of the house’, [x, 61, 20]

8) (cf. δῶ etc.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dam (दम्):—(ya, ira, u) dāmyati 4. a. To tame or subject; to be tamed.

2) ind. A wife.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dam in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dam in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) breath; life, stamina; mettle; endurance; moment; trick; trickery; —[alu] (cooked vegetable of) whole potato; -[khama] stamina, vigour, strength; ~[dara] strong and sturdy; vigorous; having abundant stamina; -[dilasa] vain consolation; •[dena] to rouse vain hopes; to extend false consolation; ~[patti] pettifogging; simulation; ~[baja] a pettifogger, sham, humbug; ~[baji] hoodwinking, pettifogging; ~[saja] a vocal accompanyist of a singer; hence ~[saji] (nf); —[atakana] the breath to be choked; normal process of respiration to be disturbed; —[ukhadana] to be out of breath; to lose stamina; to be exhausted; —[othom para ana] to be on the verge of death, to be mortally afflicted; —[ke dama mem] instantaneously, there and then; —[khimcana] to withhold the breath; to become still; —[khushka hona] to get the wind up; —[ghutana] to be suffocated; —[ghotana] to strangle, to suffocate; —[tutana] to run short of breath, to be out of breath; to be exhausted; —[todana] to kick the bucket, to breathe the last, to give up the ghost, to pass away; —[dena] to cheat, to hoodwink; to incite; —[na hona] to have no guts/courage; to have no strength; —[nikalana] to pass away; to be exhausted; —[phulana] to breathe short, to become breathless; —[badhana] to practise holding of the breath, to increase one’s stamina; —[bamdhana] to be breathless in attention, to be very attentive; —[bhara]a moment, an instant; •[ko] for a moment/instant; —[bharana] to get out of breath, to be exhausted; to champion the cause of; to sing the praises (of); to boast; to have faith (in); —[bhara mem] in a moment; —[marana] to have an instant’s rest, to rest a while; to give oneself airs; to take a puff (of hashish etc. through a cigarette, hookah, etc); —[mem dama rahana/hona, jaba taka] as long as life exists; till one is alive; —[laga ghatane khairata lagi bamtane] the devil sick would be a monk; —[lagana] to smoke, to take a puff at [hukka] or [cilama] (see); —[lena] see —[marana; —sadhana] to be still; to practise holding the breath, to try to gain control over the process of respiration; to keep mum; —[sukhana] to be mortally scared, to be terrified; to be at once’s wit’s end; —[hona] to have the cheek/guts to: to have stamina/strength..—dam (दम) is alternatively transliterated as Dama.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Daṃ (ದಂ):—

1) [noun] the air inhaled and exhaled in respiration; breath.

2) [noun] the quality of being patient, as the bearing of provocation, annoyance, misfortune or pain, without complaint, loss of temper or irritation; the ability or willingness to suppress restlessness or annoyance when confronted with delay.

3) [noun] the quality or state of being strong, either bodily or mental power to face a dangerous or risky undertaking.

4) [noun] a paroxysmal, often allergic disorder of respiration, characterised by bronchospasm, wheezing, and difficulty in expiration, often accompanied by coughing and a feeling of constriction in the chest; asthma.

5) [noun] to exhale slowly as from tiredness.

6) [noun] the act of drawing the smoke deep into the lungs from a cigarette, bīḍi, cigar, etc.

7) [noun] the amount of smoke so drawn.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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