Jambavati, Jāmbavatī, Jambāvatī: 6 definitions


Jambavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Jambavati in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Jāmbavatī (जाम्बवती).—Daughter of the famous Jāmbavān. Śrī Kṛṣṇa went in search of the famous precious stone Syamantaka which was lost when Prasena wore it and went to the forest for hunting. Kṛṣṇa found it in the cave of Jāmbavān, who fought with him and was defeated. Finally he gave his daughter Jāmbavatī to Śrī Kṛṣṇa as wife, and the jewel Syamantaka as dowry.

Śrī Kṛṣṇa came to his capital Dvārakā with his wife Jāmbavatī. When sons were born to the other wives of Kṛṣṇa she became sad and requested her husband that sons may be born to her also. On hearing this request Kṛṣṇa went to the mountain where the hermit Upamanyu was engaged in penance. With that hermit who was an ardent devotee of Śiva, as his teacher, Kṛṣṇa began a penance before Śiva, in accordance with his (Upamanyu's) advice. The penance, holding yogadaṇḍa and Kapāla (devotee’s staff and skull) lasted for a month. In the second month penance was performed standing on one leg and drinking only water. In the third month he did penance standing on toes only and using air as food. After six months Paramaśiva appeared and blessed him that his wives would have ten sons each. Accordingly Jāmbavatī gave birth to her first son who was named Sāmba. (Devī Bhāgavata, Skandha 4).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jāmbavatī (जाम्बवती).—The daughter of Jāmbavān given in marriage to Kṛṣṇa (Vāsudeva). She claimed Syamantaka as her śulka.1 Mother of Sāmba and three sons and a daughter.2 Welcomed by Draupadī to Indraprastha, she narrated to her how she married Kṛṣṇa.3 Mother of the daughters Bhadrāvatī and Sambodhinī.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 56. 32; 57. 41 [3]; 1. 11. 17. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 301; 71. 49. 242-50; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 47, 233; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 55, 63; 15. 35; V. 28. 4; 30. 35.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 1. 30; X. 61. 12; 63. 1; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 26; 47. 14, 18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 32. 2.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 71. 42; 83. 10.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 241.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Jambavati in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Jāmbavatī (जाम्बवती) is another name for Jambū, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Allium stracheyi Baker. or “Himalayan seasoning allium” from the Amaryllidaceae family of flowering plant, according to verse 5.84-85 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Jāmbavatī and Jambū, there are a total of nine Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A candali, mother of King Sivi and wife of Vasudeva of the Kanhayanagotta. Vasudeva saw her on his way to the park from Dvaravati, and, in spite of her birth, married her and made her his chief queen. J.vi.421.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jambavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jāmbavatī (जाम्बवती):—[=jāmba-vatī] [from jāmba-vata > jāmba] a f. Jāmbavat’s daughter (Kṛṣṇa’s wife, Sāmba’s mother), [Mahābhārata iii, xiii; Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya x, 934]

2) [v.s. ...] = bavī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [from jāmba] b f. of ta s.v. jāmba.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jāmbavatī (जाम्बवती) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaṃbavaī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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