Gomeda, Go-meda: 12 definitions


Gomeda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Gomeda (गोमेद, “Hessonite”):—One of the nine gems (navaratna) according to the 13th century Rasaprakāśasudhākara. When its colour is similar to gomedas (cow’s fat) or similar to very clear cow’s urine, it is considered as śuddha or of superior quality.

The Hessonite (gomeda) has Pharmaco-therapeutic properties and possesses the following characteristics:

  • It pacifys pitta-doṣa,
  • destroys kapha-doṣa, pāṇḍuroga and kṣaya-roga,
  • stimulates digestive fire,
  • acts as a good digestive (appatizer),
  • produces relishness (rūci)
  • and promotes intelligence to great extent

Superior: When the Hessonite is possessed of the following characteristics, it is considered superior: Bright shining, greasy appearance, free from dalas (layers/scales), smooth on touch, having the shade similar to clear cow’s urine, clear inlook, sama (uneven) on surface. When containing these characteristics, the Gomeda is considered garīya (of best quality) and may be used for all purposes.

Inferior: The Hessonite is considered inferior when it exhibits the following traits: Does not contain proper shade, flat, without shining, having dry surface, small in size, containing scales/layers, light in weight and similar to pīta-kāca (yellow glass).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gomeda (गोमेद).—Mt. one of the seven hills of Plakṣadvīpa; gives its name to Gomedavarṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 7, 138; Matsya-purāṇa 123. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 6; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 7.

1b) Another name for the country Śāntabhayam in the Plakṣadvīpa;1 surrounding the sea of wine and surrounded by sugar-cane juice sea;2 encircles the Kumuda hill.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 15.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 123. 1-4; 124. 50.
  • 3) Ib. 123. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Gomeda (गोमेद) refers to one of the seven continents (saptadvīpa) situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī), according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as Gomedadvīpa. These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

According to the Parākhya-tantra, “beyond that is the continent Gomedas, where, because of the curse of Gautama, a hundred cows were killed, and there then flowed fat: becauseof the profusion of that fat the continent got its name. Outside that is the ocean of liquor which reeks of the perfume of the blood of gods, intoxicated by which Vidyādharas and Gandharvas revel”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Gomeda (गोमेद) or Gomedha is the name of the Yakṣa accompanying Neminātha: the twenty-second of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Neminātha’s emblem is known to be a conch-shell from the Jaina canonical texts. The Śāsana-devatās who attend upon him are Yakṣa Gomedha and Yakṣiṇī Ambikā (Digambara: and Kuṣmāṇḍinī). The Chowri-bearer, in his case, is King Ugrasena. His Kevala-tree is called Mahāveṇu or Vetasa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Gomeda in India is the name of a plant defined with Cinnamomum tamala in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Laurus tamala Buch.-Ham. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1822)
· Botanica expeditior (1760)
· FBI (1886)
· Handbuch der medicinisch-pharmaceutischen Botanik (1831)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Gomeda, for example chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gomeda (गोमेद).—a gem brought from the Himālaya and Indus, described as of four different colours:-white, pale-yellow, red, and dark-blue.

Derivable forms: gomedaḥ (गोमेदः).

Gomeda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and meda (मेद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomeda (गोमेद).—m.

(-daḥ) A yellow gem: see the next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gomeda (गोमेद):—[=go-meda] [from go] m. ‘cow-fat’, a gem brought from the Himālaya and the Indus (being of 4 sorts, white, pale yellow, red, and dark blue), [Religious Thought and Life in India] p.468

2) [v.s. ...] the tree kakkola, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of fish, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 4, 7]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Dvīpa, [Romakasiddhānta; Matsya-purāṇa cxxii]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomeda (गोमेद):—[go-meda] (daḥ) 1. m. A yellow gem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gomeda (गोमेद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gomea, Gomejja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gomeda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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