Navaratna, aka: Nava-ratna, Navan-ratna; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Navaratna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Navaratna in Jyotisha glossaries]

Navaratna (नवरत्न).—According to the ancient “Jataka Parijata”, chap. 2, sloka 21 compiled by Sri Vaidyanatha Dikshitar, these gems must be high-born and flawless:

  1. Ruby (manikya) for Surya (Sun),
  2. Pearl (muktaphala) for Chandra (Moon),
  3. Red Coral (vidruma) for Mangala (Mars),
  4. Emerald (marakata) for Budha (Mercury),
  5. Yellow sapphire (pushparaja) for Bṛhaspati (Jupiter),
  6. Diamond (vajra) for Shukra (Venus),
  7. Blue sapphire (nila) for Shani (Saturn),
  8. Hessonite (gomeda) or Rahu (the ascending lunar node)
  9. Cat's Eye (vaidurya) for Ketu (the descending lunar node).
(Source): Wikipedia: Jyotisha (astronomy)
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Navaratna in Hinduism glossaries]

King Vikramaditya was known for his valor and impeccable justice. His court was adorned by nine famous courtiers called Navaratna (nine gems), who were great scholars in different fields of knowledge. (Kalidasa became the most brilliant of the `nine gems' at the court of Vikramaditya of Ujjain).

(Source): archive.org: Vedic Physics

India history and geogprahy

[Navaratna in India history glossaries]

Navaratna (नवरत्न) is a Sanskrit compound word meaning “nine gems”. Jewellery created in this style has important cultural significance in Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism, among other religions. The ancient origin of the Nine Gems has proved impossible to trace. Yet such importance is given to this combination of nine gems that they are recognised as sacred and royal in almost all the countries of Asia, including, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia, regardless of religious and cultural differences.

(Source): Wikipedia: India History
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Navaratna in Sanskrit glossaries]

Navaratna (नवरत्न).—

1) the nine precious jewels; i. e. मुक्तामाणिक्यवैढूर्यगोमेदा वज्र- विद्रुमौ । पद्मरागो मरकतं नीलश्चेति यथाक्रमम् (muktāmāṇikyavaiḍhūryagomedā vajra- vidrumau | padmarāgo marakataṃ nīlaśceti yathākramam) ||

2) 'the nine gems' or poets at the court of king Vikramāditya:-धन्वन्तरि- क्षपणकामरसिंहशङ्कुवेतालभट्टघटकर्परकालिदासाः । ख्यातो वराह- मिहिरो नृपतेः सभायां रत्नानि वै वररुचिर्नव विक्रमस्य (dhanvantari- kṣapaṇakāmarasiṃhaśaṅkuvetālabhaṭṭaghaṭakarparakālidāsāḥ | khyāto varāha- mihiro nṛpateḥ sabhāyāṃ ratnāni vai vararucirnava vikramasya) ||

Derivable forms: navaratnam (नवरत्नम्).

Navaratna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms navan and ratna (रत्न).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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