Gomayu, Go-mayu, Gomāyu: 13 definitions


Gomayu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Gomāyu (गोमायु):—Jackal.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Gomāyu (गोमायु) refers to “dogs and jackals”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Rāhu presides over hill men, mountain peaks, outer and inner caves, the Mlecchas, the Śūdras, persons subsisting on dogs and jackals (gomāyu-bhakṣa), spear men, the countries of Vokkaṇa and Aśvamukha and persons physically deformed. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Gomāyu (गोमायु) refers to “jackals”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.7 (“Commencement of the War”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Jackals (gomāyu) and vixens began eating the flesh. Numbers of vultures, kites, crows and carnivorous birds devoured the flesh of those falling down. In the meantime Tāraka, the demon of great strength, came there with a huge army to fight with the gods. On seeing the haughty warrior rushing on them, Indra and others, turned against him. Then a tumultuous sound arose from both the armies. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gomāyu (गोमायु).—

1) a kind of frog.

2) a jackal; अनुहंकुरुते घनध्वनिं न हि गोमायुरुतानि केसरी (anuhaṃkurute ghanadhvaniṃ na hi gomāyurutāni kesarī) Śiśupālavadha 16. 25.

3) bile of a cow.

4) Name of a Gandharva.

Gomāyu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and māyu (मायु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomāyu (गोमायु).—m.

(-yuḥ) 1. A jackall. 2. A kind of Gand'harba or celestial musician. 3. The bile or bilious humor of the cow. E. go sound, &c. to measure, and uṇ Unadi affix, ya inserted, or go a cow, and māyu bile. gāṃ vikṛtāṃ vācaṃ mināti .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomāyu (गोमायु).—i. e. go- 2. mā + u, m. A jackal, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 115.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomāyu (गोमायु).—[adjective] lowing like a cow; [masculine] a kind of frog, a jackal & [Name] of a jackal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gomāyu (गोमायु):—[=go-māyu] [from go] mfn. (go-) making sounds like cattle (a frog), [Ṛg-veda vii, 103, 6 and 10]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of frog, [Kauśika-sūtra 93 and 96]

3) [v.s. ...] a jackal, [ṢaḍvBr. v, 8; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a jackal, [Pañcatantra i]

5) [v.s. ...] the bile of a cow, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Gandharva or celestial musician, [Harivaṃśa 14157]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomāyu (गोमायु):—[go-māyu] (yuḥ) 2. m. A jackal; a celestial musician, bile of a cow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gomāyu (गोमायु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gomāa, Gomāu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gomayu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gōmāyu (ಗೋಮಾಯು):—

1) [noun] a kind of wild dogs, mostly yellowish-grey and smaller than the wolf, which hunt prey in packs, gen. at night, and also eat carrion; a jackal.

2) [noun] a kind of frog.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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