Gomedaka, Go-medaka: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Gomedaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Manblunder: Journey to Śrī Cakrā

Gomedaka (गोमेदक ).—Known as “zircon”. It is said to alleviate the evil effects of Rahu. It is also believed that by wearing this gem, one will get rid of all his sins – source: Maṇimālā, an ancient treatise on gems.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Gomedaka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gomedaka (गोमेदक).—See under Navaratna.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Gomedaka (गोमेदक) refers to a previous stone of light-red colour (in Pali known as gomattaka). It is a type of gemstone described in the “the second Avalokita-sūtra” of the Mahāvastu. Accordingly, when the Buddha (as a Bodhisattva) visited the bodhi-tree, several hunderd thousands of devas, in their place in the sky, adorned the Bodhisattva with several celestial substances. Then some of them envisioned the bodhi-tree as sparkling with gomedaka gems.

The stories found in this part of the Mahāvastu correspond to the stories from the avidūre-nidāna section of the Nidāna-kathā. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Gomedaka (गोमेदक) refers to “zircon”, and is the name of a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. It is also known by the name Gomayajjae. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.

There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (e.g., gomedaka) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gomedaka (गोमेदक).—

1) see गोमेद (gomeda).

2) a kind of poison (kākola).

3) smearing the body with unguents.

Derivable forms: gomedakaḥ (गोमेदकः).

Gomedaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and medaka (मेदक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomedaka (गोमेदक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. A gem or precious stone brought from the Himalaya and Indus, described as of four sorts, white, pale yellow, red, and dark blue, perhaps varieties of a gate. 2. A kind of poison: see kākola. 6. Smearing the body with unguents. E. go the eye, mid to anoint, &c. affix ac and kan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gomedaka (गोमेदक):—[=go-medaka] [from go] m. n. Name of a gem (= da), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 5 and 7]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of poison (?, kākola, for kakk ?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] = pattraka (smearing the body with unguents, [Horace H. Wilson]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the Dvīpa da, [Golādhyāya iii, 25; Matsya-purāṇa cxxii.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gomedaka (गोमेदक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. Idem. A kind of poison; smearing the body.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gomedaka (गोमेदक):—

1) = gomeda [?1. Manu’s Gesetzbuch Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 10. Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma Nalopākhyāna Medinīkoṣa k. 186. - Suśruta 1, 171, 17. 262, 4. Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 81 (80), 5.] —

2) = kākola (nach [WILSON] in der Bed. eine Art Gift), m. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] n. [Medinīkoṣa]; vgl. gomeda [2.] —

3) = patraka (nach [WILSON] in der Bed. das Salben des Körpers), m. [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] n. [Medinīkoṣa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gomedaka (गोमेदक):—(*m. *n.) —

1) eine Art Edelstein [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,250,9.486,1.] —

2) *ein best. Gift.

3) * = pattraka. —

4) Nomen proprium eines Dvīpa [VP.².2,110.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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