Garbhavinyasa, Garbhavinyāsa, Garbha-vinyasa: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Garbhavinyasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Garbhavinyasa in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Google Books: Engineering Commentary on Manuṣyālayacandrika

Garbhavinyāsa (गर्भविन्यास) refers to the “foundation deposit” in Indian architecture (Vāstuśāstra).—Mānasāra (Ch .12) and Mayamata (Ch .12) give details of foundation in the section on garbhavinyāsa (foundation deposit). It is stated that a foundation with all the prescribed components adds to the success of the building and an incomplete foundation deposit leads to failure (Ref.05.01 ). [...] This text recommends the raising of the building site above the surrounding area. Preferably the site should be ploughed and all biodegradable substances removed before raising it with soil and stones.

It has been stated depending on the soil conditions, that the depth of the foundation shell be equal to (a) the height of the basement; (b) kāya (height) of a man; (c) up to the hard surface (rock) or water table, or (d) one-third the width of house, but not less than 1 H8A (96cm). For heavy structures (prāsādavāstu), the entire plinth area is to be dug up to hard surface, filled with soil, sand and pieces of stone in different layers and consolidated with water layer by layer either by ramming or making the elephants walk over it. At the ground level, a layer of stone or brick is laid to form the shoe (upānaha) or the levelling course. The basement (adhiṣṭhāna) is to be built over this shoe.

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts (vastu)

Garbhavinyāsa (गर्भविन्यास) refers to the “seed vessel ceremony”, as discussed in chapter 6 (Kriyāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [garbhavinyāsa-vidhi]:—This chapter tells what materials are deposited in a vessel [mañjūṣā] (1-9a, 23b-40), how that vessel is honored with a homa-rite (9b-16) and how the same vessel is ritually placed by the Ācārya, in the pit prepared (with “female” bricks—see preceding chapter ) for its reception (17-23a). [...]

Source: Shodhganga: Vastu Texts and Vastupurusamandala

Garbhavinyāsa (गर्भविन्यास) refers to the “foundation” (of a building) in architecture.—The foundation is a must for buildings, for villages and for well or tank. The depth of excavation varies in accordance with the size of the construction. The foundation of buildings is further divided into two classes as it may belong to temples or to human dwellings. There are four classes of foundations for human dwelling according to the caste of the occupies. [...]

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Garbhavinyasa in Pancaratra glossary
Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Garbhavinyāsa (गर्भविन्यास) corresponds to garbhanyāsa (“consecration deposit”).—According to Acharya garbhanyāsa and garbhavinyāsa are the same. He translates garbhavinyāsa as “the arrangement of the foundation, the foundations”. Acharya also divides it into various categories of foundations. Moreover, Acharya does not seem to think that the term necessarily implies any kind of ritual. The term garbhādāna seems to be a synonym of garbhanyāsa—“consecration deposit”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Garbhavinyasa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Garbhavinyāsa (ಗರ್ಭವಿನ್ಯಾಸ):—[noun] the first rite performed by putting the holy vessel with pearls, metals etc. under the earth, on which a temple is to be created signifying the conceptualisation of the building.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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