Dvarapala, Dvārapāla, Dvara-pala: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Dvarapala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dvarapala in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल) refers to the “gatekeepers” (during a Vedic ritual), as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, [...] The guardians of the quarters (dikpāla) became the gatekeepers (dvārapāla) and watchmen. They were well-equipped in arms and had many attendants to assist them. They were very enthusiastic”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल).—A description of, on the gate-way to Śiva's abode; tiger's skin as clothing and holding triśūla and paṭṭiśa;1 eight of them invoked in tank rituals.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 32. 12-16.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 11-12.

1b) See Dauvārikas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 103. 15.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.29.10) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dvārapāla) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Dvarapala in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल) refers to the “guardian of the gate”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 224-228).—Accordingly, “[Then he notices the dvārapāla (guardian of the gate), about which it is said that] [Caṇḍikā] had protected her entrance with an iron buffalo installed in front, which, because of the fact that it had been marked by palms [dyed with] red-sandalwood, seemed to have been stamped by Yama’s hand-prints red with blood, the red eyes of which were being licked by jackals greedy for drops of blood”.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dvarapala in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल, “gate-keeper”).—Dvārapālas of temples or gate-keepers of the various fortifications of the Samavasaraṇa are interesting. Nowhere are Gaṅgā and Yamunā mentioned as gate-keepers of a Jaina shrine, but Indra, Indrajaya and Īśāna are noteworthy. In the Samavasaraṇa, Tumbaru is one of the gate-keepers. Indra and others, the dvārapālas carved on door-frames facing the four sides of a Jaina shrine, are noted by Śilpa works like the Aparājitapṛcchā, the Rūpāvatāra or the Devatāmūrti-prakaraṇa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dvārapāla.—(EI 22), a door-keeper. Note: dvārapāla is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvarapala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dvārapāla : (m.) gate-man; gatekeeper.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvarapala in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvārapāla (द्वारपाल).—m (S) A doorkeeper, janitor, porter, warder.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dvārapāla (द्वारपाल).—m A door-keeper.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvarapala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल).—a door-keeper, porter, warder.

-paḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: dvārapālaḥ (द्वारपालः).

Dvārapāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvāra and pāla (पाल). See also (synonyms): dvāragopa, dvāranāyaka, dvārapa, dvārapālaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल).—m.

(-laḥ) A warder, a door-keeper. E. dvāra a door, and pāla who protects; also with kan added dvārapālaka, or with the radical finals dropped dvārapa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल).—m. a door-keeper, a porter.

Dvārapāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dvāra and pāla (पाल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल).—[masculine] door-keeper, warder.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल):—[=dvāra-pāla] [from dvāra > dvāḥ] m. idem, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc. (f(ī). [gana] revaty-ādi)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of various Yakṣas and of sacred places connected with them, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvārapāla (द्वारपाल):—[dvāra-pāla] (laḥ) 1. m. A warder.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dvarapala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dvarapala in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dvārapāla (ದ್ವಾರಪಾಲ):—[noun] = ದ್ವಾರಪಾಲಕ [dvarapalaka].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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