Karatala, Kara-tala: 20 definitions


Karatala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Karatāla (करताल) refers to:—Small hand cymbols. (cf. Glossary page from Arcana-dīpikā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Karatāla (करताल) refers to:—Brass hand cymbals. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Karatala in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Karatala (करतल) refers to the “hand-prints”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 224-228).—Accordingly, “[Then he notices the dvārapāla (guardian of the gate), about which it is said that] [Caṇḍikā] had protected her entrance with an iron buffalo installed in front, which, because of the fact that it had been marked by palms [dyed with] red-sandalwood, seemed to have been stamped by Yama’s hand-prints (yama-karatala) red with blood, the red eyes of which were being licked by jackals greedy for drops of blood”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Karatala (करतल) or “palm” refers to one of the various body parts whose Measurements should follow the principles of ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, a specific measurement of every limb of a man as well as of a woman is elaborately and systematically discussed. In this book, the writer has presented the measurement of almost all the body parts that should be maintained in a picture. For example, Karatala (“palm”) should be 12 aṅgulas i.e., long–7 aṅgulas and broad–5 aṅgulas.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Karatala in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Karatala (करतल) refers to “(that which is) in the hand”, according to Ratnakheṭaśrīnivāsadīkṣita’s Bhāvanāpuruṣottama (1979, p. 100 l. 2).—Accordingly, [as The Kāpālika said to Māyākuṇḍalī]: “Well done, my dear, you are learned. The knowledge of Haṭhayoga is a ladder for ascending to the palace called Rājayoga. After that, kāyasiddhi may be considered to be in the hand (karatala)!”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Karatala (करतल) refers to the “palm of one’s hand”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “O Śāriputra, in the buddha-field of the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, there is a Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja who is resplendent by the splendor of merit (puṇya-tejas), [...] who has proclaimed the dharma from all hair-pores in accordance with individual suitabilities as adorned with the dharma, has attained all qualities of a buddha on the palm of his hand (sarvabuddhadharma-karatala-prāpta) as adorned with manifestation, has illuminated all buddha-fields as adorned with splendor, [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Karatala (करतल) refers to the “palm of the hand”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ Āḥ Hūṃ manifest emptiness in the left palm (vāma-karatala). Oṃ emptiness within, a red five petaled lotus above the left hand, a sun mandala in the center, By transforming the letter Vaṃ, by transforming the knife, create the same mandala of Vajravārāhī.”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karatala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

karatala : (nt.) the palm of the hand.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Karatala refers to: the palm of the hand Mhbv 6, 34;

Note: karatala is a Pali compound consisting of the words kara and tala.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karatala (करतल).—m (S) The palm of the hand.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

karatala (करतल).—m The palm of the hand.

--- OR ---

karatāla (करताल).—m-n-f A musical instrument.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karatala (करतल).—the palm of the hand; वनदेवताकरतलैः (vanadevatākaratalaiḥ) Ś.4.5; करतलगतमपि नश्यति यस्य तु भवितव्यता नास्ति (karatalagatamapi naśyati yasya tu bhavitavyatā nāsti) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.128. °आमलकम् (āmalakam) (lit.) an āmalaka fruit (fruit of the Myrobalan) placed on the palm of the hand; (fig.) ease and clearness of perception, such as is natural in the case of a fruit placed on the palm of the hand; करतलामलकफलवदखिलं जगदालोकयताम् (karatalāmalakaphalavadakhilaṃ jagadālokayatām) K.43. °स्थ (stha) a. resting on the palm of the hand;

Derivable forms: karatalaḥ (करतलः).

Karatala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kara and tala (तल).

--- OR ---

Karatāla (करताल).—

1) clapping the hands; स जहास दत्तकरतालमुच्चकैः (sa jahāsa dattakaratālamuccakaiḥ) Śiśupālavadha 15.39.

2) a kind of musical instrument, perhaps a cymbal.

Derivable forms: karatālaḥ (करतालः).

Karatāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kara and tāla (ताल). See also (synonyms): karatālaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karatala (करतल).—n.

(-laṃ) The palm of the hand. E. kara, and tala lower part.

--- OR ---

Karatāla (करताल).—nf. (-laṃ-lī) 1. A musical instrument, a cymbol. 2. Beating time by clapping the hands. E. kara the hand, tāla musical time, and ṅīṣ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karatala (करतल).—m. or n. the palm, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 66, 17. Talātala, i. e. tala-a-tala, n. the name of a hell, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 2.

Karatala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kara and tala (तल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karatala (करतल).—[neuter] the palm of the hand.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karatala (करतल):—[=kara-tala] [from kara] m. the palm of the hand, [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

2) Karatalā (करतला):—[=kara-talā] [from kara-tala > kara] f. a knife, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) Karatāla (करताल):—[=kara-tāla] [from kara] mf(ī). a musical instrument, a cymbal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. beating time by clapping the hands, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karatala (करतल):—[kara-tala] (laṃ) 1. n. Palm of the hand.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karatala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Karatala (ಕರತಲ):—[noun] the inner surface of the hand between the wrist and fingers; the palm.

--- OR ---

Karataḷa (ಕರತಳ):—[noun] = ಕರತಲ [karatala].

--- OR ---

Karatāla (ಕರತಾಲ):—[noun] = ಕರತಾಳ [karatala]2.

--- OR ---

Karatāḷa (ಕರತಾಳ):—[noun] = ಕರತಾಳೆ [karatale].

--- OR ---

Karatāḷa (ಕರತಾಳ):—

1) [noun] a pair of small concave plates used as a percussion instrument, producing metallic sound.

2) [noun] a keeping of time in music by slapping rhythmically with one hand on the other or thigh.

--- OR ---

Karātaḷa (ಕರಾತಳ):—[noun] the inside of the hand; the palm.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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