Raktacandana, Rakta-candana, Raktacamdana: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Raktacandana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Raktachandana.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Raktacandana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन) is a Sanskrit word referring to Pterocarpus santalinus, a species of tree from the Fabaceae (legume) family of flowering plants. It is also known as Raktasāra. In English, the tree is called “red sandelwood”, “red sanders” or “saunderswood”. It has the following botanical synonym: Lingoum santalinum. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The Sanskrit compound Raktacandana is composed of the words Rakta (‘red’) and Candana (‘sandal’).

This plant (Raktacandana) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन) refers to the medicinal plant Pterocarpus santalinus L. F., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (as well as the Pharmacopoeia).—Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Raktacandana] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant plant Pterocarpus santalinus L. F. (Raktacandana) is known as Candana according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Pterocarpus santalinus Linn. f.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning raktacandana] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Raktacandana in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन) refers to “red sandal-wood”, representing the material to be used for the images (pratimā) of the planet Mars, according to the grahaśānti (cf. grahayajña) section of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (1.295-309), preceded by the section called vināyakakalpa (1.271-294), prescribing a rite to be offered to Vināyaka.—[Images of and offerings to grahas]—The materials which are used to compose the images (pratimā) of the grahas are prescribed: red copper (Sun), crystal (Moon), red sandal-wood (Mars) [i.e., raktacandana], gold (Mercury and Jupiter), silver (Venus), iron (Saturn), lead (Rāhu) and white copper (Ketu). Such prescriptions for the planetary images are not found in gṛhya texts except in the Āśvalāyanagṛhyapariśiṣṭa (2.3) where the materials are almost the same as those in Yājñavalkyasmṛti, the only difference being the use of saffron for Mercury instead of gold. According to the Śāntikalpa (13.3), red copper (Sun and Mars), gold (Mercury and Jupiter), silver (Moon and Venus), and black iron (Saturn, Rāhu, and Ketu) are used.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Raktacandana in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन) refers to “red-sandalwood”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 224-228).—Accordingly, “[Then he notices the dvārapāla (guardian of the gate), about which it is said that] [Caṇḍikā] had protected her entrance with an iron buffalo installed in front, which, because of the fact that it had been marked by palms [dyed with] red-sandalwood (raktacandana), seemed to have been stamped by Yama’s hand-prints red with blood, the red eyes of which were being licked by jackals greedy for drops of blood”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Raktacandana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Addaiyan Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences: Tantra Literature of Kerala- Special Reference to Mātṛsadbhāva

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन) or “red sandal tree” refers to of the trees used for making Bimbas or Pratimās, according to the Mātṛsadbhāva, one of the earliest Śākta Tantras from Kerala.—Mātṛsadbhāva is a Kerala Tantric ritual manual dealing with the worship of Goddess Bhadrakālī (also known as Rurujit) along with sapta-mātṛs or Seven mothers. [...] There are many descriptions about the flora and fauna in Mātṛssadbhāva. [...] In the fourth chapter the author discussed about different types of trees [e.g., raktacandana] can be used to make pratimā or bimba.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Raktacandana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raktacandana (रक्तचंदन).—m (S) Red sandalwood, Pterocarpus Santalinus Kœn., Adenanthera Pavonina. Linn. Also Sappanwood, Cœsalpinia Sappan.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

raktacandana (रक्तचंदन).—m Red sandal-wood. Sappan wood.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Raktacandana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन).—

1) redsandal.

2) saffron.

Derivable forms: raktacandanam (रक्तचन्दनम्).

Raktacandana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rakta and candana (चन्दन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Red wood, either red Sandal or sappan wood. (Ptrocarpus Santalinus.) 2. Saffron. E. rakta red and candana Sandal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन).—[neuter] red sandal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन):—[=rakta-candana] [from rakta > raj] n. red sandal, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] Caesalpina Sappan, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] saffron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन):—[rakta-candana] (naṃ) 1. n. Red wood; saffron.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Raktacandana (रक्तचन्दन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rattaṃdaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Raktacandana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Raktacandana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Raktacaṃdana (ರಕ್ತಚಂದನ):—

1) [noun] the small, deciduous tree Pterocarpus santalinus of Papilionaceae family with hard wood; red sandal wood.

2) [noun] the cane Daemonoropsis propinquus ( = Daemia draco) of Areacaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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