Duranta, Dur-anta, Duramta: 15 definitions


Duranta means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Duranta (दुरन्त) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Duranta] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Duranta (दुरन्त) refers to “endless (misfortune)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the cycle of rebirth consisting of endless misfortune (duranta-durgati-maya), sentient beings roam about repeatedly, struck down by spear, axe, vice, fire, corrosive liquid or razor in hell, consumed by the multitude of flames from the fire of violent actions in the plant and animal world , and subject to unequalled trouble in the human condition [or] full of desire among the gods. [Thus ends the reflection on] the cycle of rebirth.”.

Synonyms: Duṣṭānta.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Duranta in English is the name of a plant defined with Duranta erecta in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ellisia acuta L. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Revista Argent. Agron. (1956)
· Phytologia (1941)
· Phytologia (1940)
· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)
· Phytologia (1979)
· Phytologia (1973)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Duranta, for example chemical composition, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

duranta (दुरंत).—a S (dur Without, anta End, bound.) Boundless, bottomless, unfathomable;--used of Maya, moh &c.: extreme or excessive--a pain or an affliction.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Duranta (दुरन्त).—a.

1) whose end is difficult to be reached, endless, infinite; संकर्षणाय सूक्ष्माय दुरन्तायान्तकाय च (saṃkarṣaṇāya sūkṣmāya durantāyāntakāya ca) Bhāg.

2) ending ill or in misery, unhappy; अहो दुरन्ता बलवद्विरोधिता (aho durantā balavadvirodhitā) Kirātārjunīya 1.23; नृत्यति युवति- जनेन समं सखि विरहिजनस्य दुरन्ते (nṛtyati yuvati- janena samaṃ sakhi virahijanasya durante) (vasante) Gītagovinda 1; इयमुदरदरी- दुरन्तधारा यदि न भवेदभिमानभङ्गभूमिः (iyamudaradarī- durantadhārā yadi na bhavedabhimānabhaṅgabhūmiḥ) Udb.

3) hard to be understood or known.

4) insurmountable.

Duranta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dur and anta (अन्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duranta (दुरन्त).—mfn.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) Ending ill, having a bad end. E. dur, and anta end.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duranta (दुरन्त).—i. e. dus-anta, adj. Miserable, Śhāṇ. 97, in Berl. Monatsb. (in daranta-devaḥ kimu sarvam āstām, [Ganeśa] is an unhappy deity, how much more all [other creatures] ! Enough).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duranta (दुरन्त).—[adjective] taking a bad end or taking no end, endless; [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Duranta (दुरन्त):—[=dur-anta] [from dur] mfn. having no end, infinite

2) [v.s. ...] having a bad end, miserable, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Duranta (दुरन्त):—[dura+nta] (ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) a. Ending badly.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Duranta (दुरन्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Duraṃta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Duranta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Duraṃta (दुरंत) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Duranta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Duraṃta (ದುರಂತ):—

1) [adjective] having no end; endless.

2) [adjective] having a dreadful, calamitous, disastrous or fatal end or finish; characteristic or suggestive of a tragedy; tragic.

--- OR ---

Duraṃta (ದುರಂತ):—

1) [noun] an endless thing or event.

2) [noun] an end that culminates with a disaster or tragedy.

3) [noun] an unfortunate, dreadful accident; a mishap.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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