Dravaka, Drāvaka: 12 definitions



Dravaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dravak.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Drāvaka (द्रावक) is one of the four varations of Kānta, which is a type of Iron (loha), according to Indian medicinal alchemy (rasaśāstra) described in Sanskrit books such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. Drāvaka is rarely available from the stones within the Himālayan hills.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics

Drāvaka (Solvent): This is a liquid preparation obtained from lavaṇas and kṣāras (salts and alkali). Distillation process is used to produce drāvakas. Example: Śaṅkha-drāvaka.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Drāvaka (द्रावक) refers to a type of sweet dish, as described as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.

(Ingredients of Drāvaka): samita, milk, ghee and sugar.

(Cooking instructions): Pour milk and ghee to samita and cook this mixture. When this mixture is half- cooked, ghee is added to it. After cooking, the mixture is kept in a cool place. Equal quantity of sugar is added to it. Make balls of this mixture. According to author this preparation is also more popular in Gujarat by the name drāvaka.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

drāvaka (द्रावक).—a S That dissolves, resolves, fuses, liquefies.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

drāvaka (द्रावक).—a That dissolves, liquifies, &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dravaka (द्रवक).—a.

1) Running.

2) Oozing, trickling.

See also (synonyms): dravaṇa.

--- OR ---

Drāvaka (द्रावक).—[dru-ṇvul] a.

1) Attracting, captivating.

2) Solvent.

3) Liquefying.

-kaḥ 1 flux used to assist the fusion of metals.

2) The loadstone.

3) Moon-stone.

4) A thief.

5) A sharp or clever man, wit, wag.

6) A libertine, lecher.

-kam Wax.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drāvaka (द्रावक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A kind of stone, (a loadstone.) 2. A wit, a wag, a sharp or clever man. 3. A thief. 4. A libertine, a lecher. 5. A pursuer, a chaser, one who causes to fly. 6. A sort of Ras or quality. n.

(-kaṃ) Bee's wax. E. dru to fly, affix ṇvul . dravati candrakarasamparkāt .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dravaka (द्रवक):—[from drava] mfn. running, [Vopadeva]

2) Drāvaka (द्रावक):—[from drāva] mfn. ([from] √2. dru, [Causal]; only, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) causing to run

3) [v.s. ...] captivating, enchanting

4) [v.s. ...] enchanting

5) [v.s. ...] m. a pursuer or chaser

6) [v.s. ...] a thief

7) [v.s. ...] a wit, clever man

8) [v.s. ...] a libertine

9) [v.s. ...] a loadstone

10) [v.s. ...] a flux to assist the fusion of metals

11) [v.s. ...] distilled mineral acids

12) [v.s. ...] a kind of Rasa or sentiment

13) [from drāva] n. bee’s wax (as melting)

14) [v.s. ...] a drug employed in diseases of spleen.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drāvaka (द्रावक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A load-stone; a wag, a thief, a lecher, a chaser. n. Bees'wax.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dravaka (द्रवक):—adj. von 1. dru [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 41.]

--- OR ---

Drāvaka (द्रावक):—

1) adj. a) zum Laufen bringend (vom caus. von 1. dru). — b) entzückend, bezaubernd (hṛdayagrāhin) [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) verschmitzt (vidagdha) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 51.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 103.] —

2) m. a) eine Art Stein [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — b) Dieb (moṣaka) [Medinīkoṣa] Statt dessen proṣaka (sic) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — c) Wollüstling [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) eine Art Rasa [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. drāvikā (von 1. dru fliessen) Speichel [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

4) n. a) Wachs (von 1. dru schmelzen) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) ein best. bei Milzkrankheit (plīharoga) angewandtes Heilmittel [Śabdakalpadruma]

--- OR ---

Drāvaka (द्रावक):—

2) d) rasa ist hier Mixtur; vgl. mahā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dravaka (द्रवक):—Adj. von 1. dru.

--- OR ---

Drāvaka (द्रावक):——

1) Adj. — a) zum Laufen bringend. — b) entzückend , bezaubernd. — c) verschmitzt.

2) m. — a) eine Steinart. — b) Dieb. — c) Wollüstling. — d) eine best. Mixtur. Nach [Materia medica of the Hindus 12] distilled mineral acids.

3) f. drāvikā Speichel.

4) n. — a) Wachs. — b) ein best. bei Milzkrankheit angewandtes Heilmittel.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dravaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Drāvaka (द्रावक) [Also spelled dravak]:—(a) moving, touching, melting, liquefying; (nm) a thinner.

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