Caturdisha, Catur-disha, Caturdiśa, Cātuddisa, Catur-disa, Catuddisā, Catuddisa: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Caturdisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Caturdiśa can be transliterated into English as Caturdisa or Caturdisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturdisha.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cāturdiśa.—(EI 23; ML), ‘belonging to all the quarters’; cf. cāturdiś-ārya-bhikṣu-saṅgha, ‘Buddhist monks of all places’; ‘all monks coming from different places’. Note: cāturdiśa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturdisha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

catuddisā : (f.) the four quarters of the globe. || cātuddisa (adj.), belonging to the four directions.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Cātuddisa: (adj.) belonging to, or comprising the four quarters, applied to a man of humanitarian mind Sn. 42 (“showing universal love,” see Nd2 239); cp. RV X. 136. Esp. applied to the bhikkhu-saṅgha “the universal congregation of bhikkhus” Vin I 305; II, 147; D. I, 145; J. I, 93; Pv. II, 28; III, 214 (explained PvA. 185 by catūhi disāhi āgata-bhikkhu-saṅgha). Cp. AvŚ I. 266; II, 109;

2) Catuddisā (pl.) the 4 quarters of the globe S. I, 167=Sn. p. 79; D. I, 251; may also be taken for Abl. sg. as adv. : in the 4 quarters Vin. I, 16, cp. Acc. catuddisaṃ D. II, 12;

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturdisha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturdiśa (चतुर्दिश).—the four quarters taken collectively.

Derivable forms: caturdiśam (चतुर्दिशम्).

Caturdiśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and diśa (दिश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cāturdiśa (चातुर्दिश).—adj. (= Pali cātuddisa; catur-diś plus -a), pertaining to the ‘four directions’ i.e. the whole world; universal; epithet of the bhikṣu-saṃgha (as in Pali of the bhikkhu-saṃgha): °diśāryabhikṣusaṃghāya Divyāvadāna 274.13; °diśāya bhikṣusaṃghāya Avadāna-śataka ii.109.7; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.70.10; °diśa- sāṃghikena (sc. dravyeṇa ? compare Śikṣāsamuccaya 170.3), adj. belonging to the universal monk-brotherhood, Śikṣāsamuccaya 56.5.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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