Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.113.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ प॑वस्व दिशां पत आर्जी॒कात्सो॑म मीढ्वः । ऋ॒त॒वा॒केन॑ स॒त्येन॑ श्र॒द्धया॒ तप॑सा सु॒त इन्द्रा॑येन्दो॒ परि॑ स्रव ॥
आ पवस्व दिशां पत आर्जीकात्सोम मीढ्वः । ऋतवाकेन सत्येन श्रद्धया तपसा सुत इन्द्रायेन्दो परि स्रव ॥
ā pavasva diśām pata ārjīkāt soma mīḍhvaḥ | ṛtavākena satyena śraddhayā tapasā suta indrāyendo pari srava ||

English translation:

Soma, lord of the four regions, sprinkler (of benefits) flow from Ārjikā effused by a truth-speaking truthful (man) with faith and devotion; flow, Indu, for Indra.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Ārjikā; the country of the ṛjikās


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaśyapaḥ [kaśyapa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāṭpaṅkti ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

आ । प॒व॒स्व॒ । दि॒शा॒म् । प॒ते॒ । आ॒र्जी॒कात् । सोम॑ । मीढ्वः॑ । ऋ॒त॒ऽवा॒केन॑ । स॒त्येन॑ । श्र॒द्धया॑ । तप॑सा । सु॒तः । इन्द्रा॑य । इ॒न्दो॒ इति॑ । परि॑ । स्र॒व॒ ॥
आ । पवस्व । दिशाम् । पते । आर्जीकात् । सोम । मीढ्वः । ऋतवाकेन । सत्येन । श्रद्धया । तपसा । सुतः । इन्द्राय । इन्दो इति । परि । स्रव ॥
ā | pavasva | diśām | pate | ārjīkāt | soma | mīḍhavaḥ | ṛta-vākena | satyena | śraddhayā | tapasā | sutaḥ | indrāya | indo iti | pari | srava

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.113.2 English analysis of grammar]



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

pavasva <

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“purify; filter; blow; purify; purge; sift.”

diśām < diś

[noun], genitive, plural, feminine

“quarter; direction; region; diś [word]; Aṣṭādhyāyī, 5.3.27; distant region; Diś; four; example; method; space.”

pata < pate < pati

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“husband; overlord; king; deity; īśvara; ruler; pati [word]; commanding officer; leader; owner; mayor; lord.”

ārjīkāt < ārjīka

[noun], ablative, singular, masculine


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

mīḍhvaḥ < mīḍhvas

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine


ṛtavākena < ṛta


“timely; honest.”

ṛtavākena < vākena < vāka

[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine

satyena < satya

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“truth; oath; satya [word]; promise.”

śraddhayā < śraddhā

[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine

“faith; wish; śraddhā [word]; śraddhā; confidence; appetite.”

tapasā < tapas

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“penance; heat; Tapoloka; tapas [word]; ardor; austerity; summer; heat.”

suta < sutaḥ < su

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“press out; su.”

indrāyendo < indrāya < indra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

indrāyendo < indo < indu

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“moon; Soma; drop; anusvāra; one; Candra; silver; camphor; point; juice.”



“from; about; around.”

srava < sru

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“discharge; issue; run; filter; discharge; liquefy; ejaculate; fail; disappear; leak; fester.”

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