Carma, Cārma: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Carma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Charma.

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Carma (चर्म) refers to a weapon (“shield”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Carma (चर्म):—Skin

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation

Carma (चर्म, “hide”).—One of the fourteen gems (ratna) serving the Cakravartin;—The carma is a wonderful hide which cannot be pierced by cut and thrust. It can, at the same time, be used as a raft while crossing rivers and oceans and also servers occasionally as a field on which the grains sown in the morning carry fruits in the evening.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

carma (चर्म).—n (S) Skin, hide, rind, bark. 2 Leather.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

carma (चर्म).—n Skin, hide, rind, bark. Leather.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Carma (चर्म).—

1) A shield.

2) Ved. A skin.

Derivable forms: carmam (चर्मम्).

--- OR ---

Cārma (चार्म).—a. (-rmī f.) [चर्मणा परिवृतः अण् (carmaṇā parivṛtaḥ aṇ)]

1) Leathern.

2) Covered with leather (as a car).

3) Shielded, provided with a shield.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cārma (चार्म).—mfn.

(-rma-rmī-rmaṃ) 1. Covered with leather, (a car, &c.) 2. Defended by a hide or skin. 3. Shielded, having a shield. E. carma leather, and aṇ aff. carmaṇā parivṛto rathaḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Carma (चर्म).—(—°) = carman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carma (चर्म):—mfn. in [compound] (and twice ifc. See ṛṣabhaand sa-) for carman

2) n. a shield, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) Cārma (चार्म):—mfn. made of hide or leather (carman), [Pāṇini 6-4, 144], [vArttika] 2

4) covered with leather (a car), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) defended by a hide, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carma (चर्म):—(rmma) 1. n. Leather; a shield.

2) Cārma (चार्म):—[(rmmaḥ-rmmī-rmmaṃ) a.] Covered or defended with leather; shielded.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Carma (चर्म):—n.

1) am Ende eines Comp. = carman Haut Fell.

2) *Schild.

--- OR ---

Cārma (चार्म):—Adj. ledern , mit Fell oder Leder überzogen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Carma (चर्म) [Also spelled charm]:—(nm) leather; skin; hide; ~[kāra] a cobbler; shoe-maker; tanner; ~[maya] leathery, coraceous.

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