Caturangabala, Caturaṅgabala, Caturanga-bala, Caturamgabala: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Caturangabala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturangabala.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Caturangabala in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल).—The fourfold forces, of Śūra; see Caturangini.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 7; 45. 1; 46. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 240. 19-21.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

[«previous next»] — Caturangabala in Arthashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A socio-cultural study on Bhāsa’s dramas (artha)

Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल).—According to Kauṭilya (Arthaśāstra II.30-33), a state should have a four-fold army (caturaṅgabala), viz., infantry, cavalry, elephant and charioteers and each of these parts also should have one capable and concerned adhyakṣa. he army of Bhāsa’s period consisted of four types (caturaṅgabala), viz., infantry, cavalry, elephant and charioteers. These huge armies were led by the army-general in war. Kings were war-loving and a war was like a festival for them. They used to fight for the sake of their own pride and a means of their conquest. Beating of war-drum was an interesting thing in battle.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Caturangabala in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

An officer of state of Jambudipa; an author. Gv.67.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Caturangabala in Mahayana glossary
Source: archive.org: The Mahavastu

Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल) is the name of a king according to the Mahavāstu chapter I.11. Accordingly, “The span of man’s life was then eighty-four thousand years. Now there was at that time a king named Caturaṅgabala, who was beloved and popular. This guardian of earth built forty koṭis of palaces made of many precious stones, and one palace besides of preeminent beauty. The king also caused to be made an abundance of couches and seats of faultless workmanship, and prepared the requisites of food and medicines befitting seers”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Caturangabala in Buddhism glossary
Source: TLB: Mañjuśrīvikrīḍitasūtra

Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल) refers to “armed forces of four classes” according to the Mañjuśrīvikrīḍita-sūtra chapter 6. Accordingly, “The king Ajātaśatru – surrounded by his retinue of women, with his armed forces of four classes (caturaṅgabala), with great royal richness and great royal might (mahārājānubhava) – also went to where the princely Mañjuśrī stayed...”.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Caturangabala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल).—name of an ancient king: Mahāvastu i.117.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल).—n.

(-laṃ) An entire army: see the last. E. caturaṅga, and bala an army.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल):—[=catur-aṅga-bala] [from catur-aṅga > catur > catasṛ] n. an entire army (comprising elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry), [Mahābhārata iii, 660; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara iii, 76]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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