Caturangabala, aka: Caturaṅgabala, Caturanga-bala; 7 Definition(s)
Caturangabala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturangabala.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल).—The fourfold forces, of Śūra; see Caturangini.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 7; 45. 1; 46. 18; Matsya-purāṇa 240. 19-21.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)
Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल).—According to Kauṭilya (Arthaśāstra II.30-33), a state should have a four-fold army (caturaṅgabala), viz., infantry, cavalry, elephant and charioteers and each of these parts also should have one capable and concerned adhyakṣa. he army of Bhāsa’s period consisted of four types (caturaṅgabala), viz., infantry, cavalry, elephant and charioteers. These huge armies were led by the army-general in war. Kings were war-loving and a war was like a festival for them. They used to fight for the sake of their own pride and a means of their conquest. Beating of war-drum was an interesting thing in battle.Source: Shodhganga: A socio-cultural study on Bhāsa’s dramas (artha)
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
An officer of state of Jambudipa; an author. Gv.67.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल) is the name of a king according to the Mahavāstu chapter I.11. Accordingly, “The span of man’s life was then eighty-four thousand years. Now there was at that time a king named Caturaṅgabala, who was beloved and popular. This guardian of earth built forty koṭis of palaces made of many precious stones, and one palace besides of preeminent beauty. The king also caused to be made an abundance of couches and seats of faultless workmanship, and prepared the requisites of food and medicines befitting seers”.Source: archive.org: The Mahavastu
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Caturaṅgabala (चतुरङ्गबल) refers to “armed forces of four classes” according to the Mañjuśrīvikrīḍita-sūtra chapter 6. Accordingly, “The king Ajātaśatru – surrounded by his retinue of women, with his armed forces of four classes (caturaṅgabala), with great royal richness and great royal might (mahārājānubhava) – also went to where the princely Mañjuśrī stayed...”.Source: TLB: Mañjuśrīvikrīḍitasūtra
Languages of India and abroad
(-laṃ) An entire army: see the last. E. caturaṅga, and bala an army.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 4 books and stories containing Caturangabala, Caturaṅgabala, Caturanga-bala, Caturaṅga-bala; (plurals include: Caturangabalas, Caturaṅgabalas, balas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 32 - Chariots, Infantry and the Duties of the Commander-in-Chief < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Act 9.7: Samantaraśmi starts his journey to the Sahā universe < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Act 10.2: Samantaraśmi greets the Buddha Śākyamuni < [Chapter XV - The Arrival of the Bodhisattvas of the Ten Directions]
Bhūmi 8: the unshakeable ground (acalā) < [Chapter XX - (2nd series): Setting out on the Mahāyāna]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)