Bharataka, Bhārataka: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bharataka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bharataka in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Bhārataka (भारतक) refers to a division of men born in Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; on the mountains, Meru, etc., by kidnapping and power of learning, in the 2½ continents and in 2 oceans. They are called Bhāratakas, Jambūdvīpyas, Lāvaṇakas, etc., from divisions with reference to zones, continents, and oceans. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharataka in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhārataka, (fr. bhara) “the petty descendants of Bhārata” or: load-carrier, porter (?) Ś IV. 117 (indignantly applied to apprentices and other low class young men who honour the Mahā-Kaccāna). (Page 502)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharataka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bharataka (भरतक).—n (bharaṇēṃ) Complement (of a number or a quantity). 2 Cargo, lading, load, contents. 3 unc Loaded or filled state (of a ship, vehicle &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bharataka (भरतक).—n Complement of a number or quantity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bharataka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharaṭaka (भरटक):—[from bhara] m. a [particular] class of mendicants (also ḍaka)

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bharaṭaka (भरटक):—und bharaḍaka m. eine Art von Bettelmönchen. dvātriṃśikā f. Titel einer Sammlung komischer Geschichten.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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