Bahuvrihi, Bahuvrīhi, Bahu-vrihi: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Bahuvrihi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि).—Name of the compounds which denote objects quite distinct from those which are shown by the constituent members of the compounds.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि).—A compound similar in meaning to the word बहुव्रीहि (bahuvrīhi) (possessed of much rice) which, in sense shows quite a distinct object than those which are shown by the constituent members of the compound; a relative or adjective compound. There are various kinds of the Bahuvrihi compound such as समानाधिकरणबहुव्रीहि, व्यधिकरणबहुव्रीहि, संख्याबहुव्रीहि, दिग्बहुव्रीहि, सहबहुव्रीहि, नञ्बहु-व्रीहि (samānādhikaraṇabahuvrīhi, vyadhikaraṇabahuvrīhi, saṃkhyābahuvrīhi, digbahuvrīhi, sahabahuvrīhi, nañbahu-vrīhi), and अनेकपदबहुव्रीहि (anekapadabahuvrīhi) which depend upon the specific peculiarity noticed in the various cases. Panini in his grammar has not given any definition of बहुव्रीहि (bahuvrīhi), but has stated that a compound other than those already given viz. अव्ययीभाव, द्वन्द्व (avyayībhāva, dvandva) and तत्पुरुष (tatpuruṣa), is बहुव्रीहि (bahuvrīhi) and cited under Bahuvrihi all cases mentioned above; cf शेषो बहुव्रीहिः (śeṣo bahuvrīhiḥ) II. 3.23-28; also cf. अन्यपदार्थप्रधानो बहुव्रीहिः (anyapadārthapradhāno bahuvrīhiḥ) M. Bh. on P. II. 1.6; II. 1.20; II. 1.49.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bahuvrihi in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि).—m S A form of grammatical composition,--compounding of words to furnish an epi- thet or attributive; as bahumāla or bahumālaka Having many necklaces.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि).—m A form of grammatical com- position. A kind of compound.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bahuvrihi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि).—a. possessing much rice; तत्पुरुष कर्मधारय येनाहं स्यां बहुव्रीहिः (tatpuruṣa karmadhāraya yenāhaṃ syāṃ bahuvrīhiḥ) Udb. (where it is also the name of the compound).

-hiḥ one of the four principal kinds of compounds in Sanskrit. In it, two or more nouns in apposition to each other are compouded, the attributive member (whether a noun or an adjective) being placed first, and made to qualify another substantive, and neither of the two members separately, but the sense of the whole compound, qualifies that substantive; cf. अन्य- पदार्थप्रधानो बहुव्रीहिः (anya- padārthapradhāno bahuvrīhiḥ). This compound is adjectival in character, but there are several instances of Bahuvrīhi compounds which have come to be regarded and used as nouns (their application being restricted by usage to particular individuals); i. e. चक्रपाणि, शशिशेखर, पीताम्बर, चतुर्मुख, त्रिनेत्र, कुसुमशर (cakrapāṇi, śaśiśekhara, pītāmbara, caturmukha, trinetra, kusumaśara) &c.

Bahuvrīhi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bahu and vrīhi (व्रीहि). See also (synonyms): bahīvrīhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि).—[masculine] possessive compound, lit. (having) much rice; [adverb] vat ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि):—[=bahu-vrīhi] [from bahu > bah] mfn. possessing much rice

2) [v.s. ...] m. a relative or adjective compound (in which, as in the word bahu-vrīhi itself cf. tat-puruṣa, the last member loses its character of a substantive and together with the first member serves to qualify a noun), [Pāṇini 2-2, 23; 35 etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि):—[bahu-vrīhi] (hiḥ) 2. m. A term for a class of compound words.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bahuvrīhi (बहुव्रीहि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bahurvvāhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bahuvrihi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bahuvrihi in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bahuvrīhi (ಬಹುವ್ರೀಹಿ):—

1) [noun] that which possesses much rice.

2) [noun] a relative or adjective compound in which the last member loses its character of a substantive and together with the first one serves to quality a noun.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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