Vrihi, Vrīhi: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vrihi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vrīhi (व्रीहि) is a Sanskrit word for a variety of rice (ṣaṣṭika) which is said to have an inferior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Vrīhi is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Vrīhi is said to be sweet and guru, but has amlapāka and as such aggravates pitta.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Vrīhi (व्रीहि) refers “rice” according to Suśruta (eg., Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.14), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] According to Suśruta, among the vrīhi rice the black variety, which is called kṛṣṇavrīhi, was popular. Ṣaṣṭika rice was considered very nourishing and its daily use is also recommended in the text. Some inferior varieties of rice such as koradūṣaka, śyāmāka, nīvāra, varaka and priyaṅgu were used by the poor people and ascetics.

Vrīhi is classified as a ‘heavy foodstuff’ as opposed to lāja (derived from vrīhi), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Heavy food should [viz., vrīhi] to be eaten only until one is half satisfied. Light food [viz.,  lāja] can be eaten until the full satisfaction is obtained. A man whose digestive fire is weak, should abandon heavy food.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vrīhi (व्रीहि).—A kind of paddy.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 144; Matsya-purāṇa 34. 11; 239. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 96. S
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Vrīhi (व्रीहि, “rice”) refers to one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vrīhi (व्रीहि).—m (S) Rice. Ex. yajñānta vrīhīcā hōma sāṅgitalā āhē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vrīhi (व्रीहि).—m Rice.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vrīhi (व्रीहि).—[vrī-hi kicca]

1) Rice; as in बहुव्रीहि (bahuvrīhi) q. v.

2) A grain of rice.

Derivable forms: vrīhiḥ (व्रीहिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vrīhi (व्रीहि).—m.

(-hiḥ) 1. Rice of various kinds: eight principal sorts are enumerated by native authorities, but the varieties are more numerous. 2. Rice ripening in the rainy season. E. vrī to choose, hi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vrīhi (व्रीहि).— (probably derived from vṛdh), m. Rice, [Pañcatantra] 167, 1 (pl. grains of rice).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vrīhi (व्रीहि).—[masculine] rice, [plural] grains of rice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vrīhi (व्रीहि):—m. (of doubtful derivation) rice [plural] grains of rice (not mentioned in [Ṛg-veda], but in [Atharva-veda] named together with yava, mātha, and tila; eight principal sorts are enumerated by native authorities), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a field of rice, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) rice ripening in the rainy season, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) any grain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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