Vrihi, Vrīhi: 16 definitions
Vrihi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Vrīhi (व्रीहि) is a Sanskrit word for a variety of rice (ṣaṣṭika) which is said to have an inferior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant Vrīhi is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Vrīhi is said to be sweet and guru, but has amlapāka and as such aggravates pitta.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Vrīhi (व्रीहि) refers “rice” according to Suśruta (e.g., Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 46.14), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] According to Suśruta, among the vrīhi rice the black variety, which is called kṛṣṇavrīhi, was popular. Ṣaṣṭika rice was considered very nourishing and its daily use is also recommended in the text. Some inferior varieties of rice such as koradūṣaka, śyāmāka, nīvāra, varaka and priyaṅgu were used by the poor people and ascetics.
Vrīhi is classified as a ‘heavy foodstuff’ as opposed to lāja (derived from vrīhi), according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Heavy food should [viz., vrīhi] to be eaten only until one is half satisfied. Light food [viz., lāja] can be eaten until the full satisfaction is obtained. A man whose digestive fire is weak, should abandon heavy food.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Vrīhi (व्रीहि).—A kind of paddy.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 144; Matsya-purāṇa 34. 11; 239. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 96.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Vrīhi (व्रीहि, “rice”) refers to one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
Vrihi in India is the name of a plant defined with Oryza sativa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Oryza sativa var. plena Prain (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Landwirthschaftliche Flora (1866)
· Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (1965)
· Chin. J. Rice Sci. (1996)
· Indian Forester (1952)
· Revue internationale de botanique appliquée et d’agriculture tropicale
· Handbuch des Getreidebaus (1885)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Vrihi, for example pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vrīhi (व्रीहि).—m (S) Rice. Ex. yajñānta vrīhīcā hōma sāṅgitalā āhē.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vrīhi (व्रीहि).—m Rice.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vrīhi (व्रीहि).—[vrī-hi kicca]
1) Rice; as in बहुव्रीहि (bahuvrīhi) q. v.
2) A grain of rice.
Derivable forms: vrīhiḥ (व्रीहिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-hiḥ) 1. Rice of various kinds: eight principal sorts are enumerated by native authorities, but the varieties are more numerous. 2. Rice ripening in the rainy season. E. vrī to choose, hi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vrīhi (व्रीहि).— (probably derived from vṛdh), m. Rice, [Pañcatantra] 167, 1 (pl. grains of rice).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vrīhi (व्रीहि).—[masculine] rice, [plural] grains of rice.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vrīhi (व्रीहि):—m. (of doubtful derivation) rice [plural] grains of rice (not mentioned in [Ṛg-veda], but in [Atharva-veda] named together with yava, mātha, and tila; eight principal sorts are enumerated by native authorities), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) a field of rice, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
3) rice ripening in the rainy season, [Horace H. Wilson]
4) any grain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vrīhi (व्रीहि):—(hiḥ) 2. m. Rice of various kinds; rice ripening in the rains.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vrīhi (व्रीहि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vīhi.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Vrīhi (ವ್ರೀಹಿ):—[noun] rice in husk; paddy.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+10): Vrihi-kara, Vrihibheda, Vrihidraunika, Vrihidraunikaparva, Vrihidrona, Vrihiga, Vrihika, Vrihikancana, Vrihikanchana, Vrihikanka, Vrihila, Vrihimant, Vrihimaprabhu, Vrihimat, Vrihimata, Vrihimati, Vrihimaya, Vrihimukha, Vrihin, Vrihiparni.
Full-text (+66): Vrihirajika, Anuvrihi, Ashuvrihi, Vraiheya, Vrihin, Vrihika, Bahuvrihi, Vrihimaya, Dhanyapancaka, Mahavrihi, Vraiha, Vanavrihi, Vrihyagara, Vrihibheda, Vrihivapa, Krishnavrihi, Vrihishreshtha, Vrihila, Vrihimukha, Vrihikancana.
Search found 27 books and stories containing Vrihi, Vrīhi; (plurals include: Vrihis, Vrīhis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Markandeya Purana (Study) (by Chandamita Bhattacharya)
Foods and Oṣadhīs Used in Sacrificess (Yajñiya) < [Chapter 2]
Vegetarian Food < [Chapter 2]
Charaka Samhita (English translation) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 27a - The group of awned cereals (Shukadhanya—monocotyledons) < [Sutrasthana (Sutra Sthana) — General Principles]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 3.266 < [Section XXI - Relative Merits of the Offering-Materials]
Verse 4.27 < [Section VI - The Harvest-Sacrifice]
Verse 10.90 < [Section IX - Variations in the Functions of the Brāhmaṇa due to Abnormal Conditions]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 3: Sharirasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Apastamba Yajna-paribhasa-sutras (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Chandogya Upanishad (Shankara Bhashya) (by Ganganatha Jha)